Mass Production Mass production is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines. It allows businesses to produce a large amount of goods while making efficient use of all resources, including time. Each good produced is identical and not unique in anyway.
Child Labor The use of children as factory workers was a common practice during the early industrial revolution. During the time there was little or no public education so it was seen as a way to make children productive members of society and contribute to the family. Children often worked the most dangerous jobs, worked in bad conditions, and were beaten when they made mistakes at work.
Transportation In order to ship the massive amounts of goods being produced in the factories massive investment in transportation improvements began. Steam engines powered boats and later trains. Eventually the automobile was developed. The improvements allowed for greater trade and movement for the people. Transportation however lead to greater levels of pollution and traffic.
Urbanization The creation of factories meant that people had to live close to them in order to get to work. Urbanization occurred as Americans left the rural farms they once worked and moved to centralized locations. Towns grew to become cities which contained housing, stores, and entertainment. Early cities were often poorly planned and were crowded and often unsanitary.