HISTORY: http://www.layoutsparks.com/1/183149/jedi- snow-storm-clouds.html Kate Trombadore
Beginning: 9 th century Scandinavian Viking tribes migrated southward into European Russia. (1533-84) Ivan IV ( the first Muscovite tsar) is said to have founded the state of Russia. Medieval Russia wasn’t westernized until the rule of Peter the Great(1689-1725) he and his predecessor, Catherine the Great extended Russia’s Boundaries westward. This expansion included Crimea, Ukraine, and a part of Poland. During the reign of Alexander (1801-25) Finland and Bessara became part of Russian after Napoleon failed the invade. In 1825 a group of reformist military officers revolted wanting to stop Alexand’s predecessor, Nicholas I, in order to gain a constitutional monarchy. They failed. Russian Revolution: But revolution was far from over. March 1917 Nicholas II and his family were killed by the Bolshevik revelation. The Kerensky government was over thrown and the power was vested in the council of People’s Commissars, with Lenin as Premier. http://www.studyrussian.com/history/history. html
Emergence of the U.S.S.R. Out of the Bolshevik revelation the U.S.S.R. emerged. (Jan. 21,1924) – death of Lenin (September 1, 1939)- start of WWII when Germany invaded Poland after signing a nonaggression pact with Russia. (May 6, 1941) Stalin assumes premiership Russia then joins the allied powers and fights against the Axis powers(Germany, Italy, and Japan). WWII ends on September May 1945! Cold war begins- non-aggressive war was between communist U.S.S.R. and the non-communistic west. competition to :- have a greater army -possess atomic bombs - Launched the race to space -and for the U.S.S.R. : keep people under communism The U.S.S.R ceased to be in Dec. 1991, when the U.S.S.R. became Russia and ten independent states, the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Modern day Russian- Vladimir Putin is the president of Russia Russia is leaving its communistic ways and becoming more democratic- though the transformation was not easy. businesses are still subject to the governments interference and the government has power over the energy and defense sectors.
Being the worlds largest country, Russia has a diverse geography filled with tundra's, Lakes, mountains, and forests. North Russia extends to the arctic circle and her southern end to Mongolia China. http://pcdn.500px.net/115011/0af2cf07777e0 dab64c4c43433842985999989f3/4.jpg http://www.kidport.com/reflib/worldgeograph y/russia/russia.htm
ECONOMY: Moving from communism to free market economy In 1990’s reforms to privatize industries Energy and defense-related sectors remain under government control Privately owned businesses still are subject to state interference Major exports: natural gas, oil, steel, and aluminum Hard hit in 2008 when oil prices dropped but grow when prices began to climb in 2010 Dependency on global market increases instability Emerging middle class Long term challenges: corruption, shrinking work force, struggling non-energy companies, and poor infrastructure http://www.indexmundi.com/russia/economy_overview.html
Social conditions: Social goal: is to speed the growth of the middle class Only 15% to 20% of the Russian people make up the middle class A larger middle class would: -increase traveling opportunities -better education -expand the free market -increase saving portfolios http://www.insor-russia.ru/en/_priorities/public_institution -increased opportunities for better living spaces
RELIGION: The number one religion in Russia is Orthodox Christian. Over half of Russia’s residents are orthodox Christian. http://torussia.org/religion_in_russia http://www.turnbacktogod.com/wp- content/uploads/2008/09/cross-of-christ- 0101.jpg
Ideologies: Russia’s ideologies have drastically shifted of the course of time. Russia has moved from communistic, isolation, government controlled economy and culture to globalization, an open market, and growth in the.
Work cited Ziegler & Partner. (May 26,2008)“A short overview of Russian history” Retrieved March 18, 2012, from http://www.studyrussian.com/history/history.htmlhttp://www.studyrussian.com/history/history.html Kidport.(2012). “Russia Geography.” kidport. Retrieved March 21, 2012, from http://www.kidport.com/reflib/worldgeography/russia/russia.htm http://www.kidport.com/reflib/worldgeography/russia/russia.htm IndexMundi. (January 9, 2012). “Russia Economy-overview.” IndexMundi. Retrieved March 21, 2012,fromhttp://www.indexmundi.com/russia/economy_overview.htmlhttp://www.indexmundi.com/russia/economy_overview.html Social IndexMundi. (January 9, 2012).”Russian Ethnic groups” IndexMundi. Retrieved March 21, 2012, from http://www.indexmundi.com/russia/ethnic_groups.htmlhttp://www.indexmundi.com/russia/ethnic_groups.html To Russia withEase. (2012). “Religion in Russia.” To Russia with Ease. Retrieved March 21, 2012, from http://torussia.org/religion_in_russia http://torussia.org/religion_in_russia
Image web addresses: http://good-wallpapers.com/pictures/4794/Russian%20Flag.jpg http://www.layoutsparks.com/1/183149/jedi-snow-storm-clouds.html http://www.popartuk.com/g/l/lggn0430+antique-style-map-geographical- world-map-poster.jpg http://i.infoplease.com/images/mrussia.gif http://pcdn.500px.net/115011/0af2cf07777e0dab64c4c43433842985999989 f3/4.jpg http://www.turnbacktogod.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/cross-of- christ-0101.jpg Kate Trombadore
How Are Rulers Chosen 1613 – 1917 Romanov Dynasty. Absolute monarchs ruled. They got there seat at the throne through succession in the family. 1917 – 1922 The Duma (parliament) lead the country while it was in civil war and revolution. 1922 – 1991 Totalitarian dictators seized power and the communist party chose its own leaders in the USSR. 1992 – present Russia has direct popular elections to chose its president.
Other Government Officals The prime minister is appointed by the president and then approved by the Duma. Judges are appointed by the Ministry of Justice and then approved by the president Members of the Duma are elected by proportional representation.
Political Parties Russia’s political parties are just like the United States. They serve to make and pass laws based on their beliefs Political parties can nominate a candidate. Russia’s political parties have only been around for about 115 – 120 years. Russia was ruled by monarchs and it wasn’t until the 1890s that Czar Nicholas II established the Duma.
Interest Groups Russia has not had any interest groups until after the 1991 revolution. This is because political opponents were strictly forbidden in the USSR. Even after 1991 there is still not many of them. The main two are the Mafia, which works with the government, and people who were able to buy government industries from the USSR after it collapsed.
Citizens Citizens vote for the president Russia does have a federal system. Citizens can play roles in local governments. Russia has recently allowed criticism and protests under the new constitution. People can participate in events like these.
The government of the Russian federation functions as an executive body with a cabinet ministers. Some of the major functions of the Russian government are-preparing the federal budget and thereby placing it on the State Duma. It is also the responsibility of the government for implementation of monetary policies. The Russian government has to ensure strict measures in defending the country against foreign attack and more importantly implement civil laws, human rights and protection of public property. The administration keeps a check on the rise of crime and spread of illegal activities. The Federal Assembly of Russia is the legislature of the country framed according to the Constitution of Russian in the year 1993. It consists of the State Duma, which is refered to as lower house of Parliament, and the Federation Council, invariably the upper house. The Russian political system is one of the more recent to embrace democracy but remains deeply flawed in terms of its democratic credentials, overwhelmingly tainted by corruption, and massively influenced by the power and personality of one man, Vladimir Putin. Is a short history of democracy, so there are many reasons for the underdevelopment of political parties in Russia. The weak, fractured and un-institutionalized party system undermines the performance of democracy in several ways. To ensure that there is political stability within the nation. To keep the nation functioning in the proper order so that it will be prosperous economically. Along with coinciding with other nations around the world through making regulations on trade and business. Amanda Barker
Report: ‘On 31 December 1999 President Yeltsin resigned, handing the post to the recently appointed Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin, who then won the 2000 presidential election. Putin suppressed the Chechen insurgency, although sporadic violence still occurs throughout the Northern Caucasus. High oil prices and initially weak currency followed by increasing domestic demand, consumption and investments has helped the economy grow for nine straight years, improving the standard of living and increasing Russia's influence on the world stage. While many reforms made during the Putin presidency have been generally criticized by Western nations as un-democratic, Putin's leadership over the return of order, stability, and progress has won him widespread popularity in Russia.’ Interior ministers MinisterStart yearEnd year Viktor Yerin19921995 Anatoly Kulikov19951998 Sergei Stepashin19981999 Vladimir Rushailo19992001 Boris Gryzlov20012003 Rashid Nurgaliyev2004 “An analysis of the political system of Russia remains incomplete without mentioning the major political parties of Russia which are-- Agrarian Party of Russia, Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Liberal Democratic Party of Russia and Russian Social Justice Party. Though opposition parties are allowed, yet there is little scope for them. Thus, an overview of the political system of Russia gives you a clear idea of the exact details of Russian government and the subsequent political structure of the country.” http://www.123independenceday.com/russian/political- system.html http://www.123independenceday.com/russian/political- system.html
Congress has directed the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) to submit to the Congressional leadership and intelligence committees an annual, unclassified report assessing the safety and security of the nuclear facilities and military forces in Russia. � Congress further asked that each report include a discussion of the following: The ability of the Russian Government to maintain its nuclear military forces. The security arrangements at Russia’s civilian and military nuclear facilities. The reliability of controls and safety systems at Russia’s civilian nuclear facilities. The reliability of command and control systems and procedures of the nuclear military forces in Russia. This annual report is the third responding to this Congressional request. � The report addresses facilities and forces of the Russian Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Atomic Energy, and other Russian institutes. � It updates the September 2000 report to Congress. “Moscow currently maintains fewer than 5,000 operational strategic nuclear warheads in its strategic nuclear triad, which is composed of ICBMs, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and heavy bombers carrying nuclear-tipped air-launched cruise missiles. � Despite the emphasis on nuclear weapons as Russia’s primary means of deterrence, Russian strategic nuclear forces are subject to the same significant budget constraints affecting other portions of the government. � The strategic forces will face additional budget cuts, resulting in lower strategic warhead levels, because Putin’s military reform plan will shift resources to the general purpose forces. � Nevertheless, Moscow continues to devote scarce resources to maintaining and modernizing its forces. “ “The Russians have maintained security and control of their nuclear warheads and weapons, although the economic crisis of the 1990s and the consequent decline in military funding have stressed the country � s nuclear security system.” http://www.fas.org/irp/nic/icarussiansecurity.htm (more information on specifics can be found on this web site) Amanda Barker
The law would seem to be: A THIRD PARTY MUST BE PRESENT AND UNKNOWN IN EVERY QUARREL FOR A CONFLICT TO EXIST. (or) FOR A QUARREL TO OCCUR, AN UNKNOWN THIRD PARTY MUST BE ACTIVE IN PRODUCING IT BETWEEN TWO POTENTIAL OPPONENTS. (or) WHILE IT IS COMMONLY BELIEVED TO TAKE TWO TO MAKE A FIGHT, A THIRD PARTY MUST EXIST AND MUST DEVELOP IT FOR ACTUAL CONFLICT TO OCCUR. The revolutionary forces and the Russian government were in conflict in 1917. The reasons are so many the attention easily sticks on them. But only when Germany’s official state papers were captured in World War II was it revealed that Germany had promoted the revolt and financed Lenin to spark it off, even sending him into Russia in a blacked-out train! One looks over “personal” quarrels, group conflicts, national battles and one finds, if he searches, the third party, unsuspected by both combatants or, if suspected at all, brushed off as “fantastic.” Yet careful documentation finally affirms it. “In marital quarrels the correct approach of anyone counseling is to get both parties to carefully search out the third party. They may come to many reasons at first. These reasons are not beings (people). One is looking for a third party, an actual being. When both find the third party and establish proof, that will be the end of the quarrel. “ (for explanation:http://www.scientologyhandbook.org/SH8_1.HTM)http://www.scientologyhandbook.org/SH8_1.HTM Amanda Barker
Work Cited "2. Corruption in Transitional Russia." INDEM Foundation Home Page. 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.. "File:Flag of Russia.svg." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.. "Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Mar. 2012. Web. 20 Mar. 2012.. "Political Parties and Consolidation of Democracy." Overseas Young Chinese Forum. 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 23 Mar. 2012.. "Russian Political System." Roger Darlington's World. 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2012.. http://www.fas.org/irp/nic/icarussiansecurity.htm http://www.scientologyhandbook.org/SH8_1.HTM http://www.123independenceday.com/russian/political-system.html Amanda Barker