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EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA WITH APOLOGIES TO FRED KLEINERT AND WILLIAM GADDIS.

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Presentation on theme: "EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA WITH APOLOGIES TO FRED KLEINERT AND WILLIAM GADDIS."— Presentation transcript:

1 EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA WITH APOLOGIES TO FRED KLEINERT AND WILLIAM GADDIS

2 “PREHISTORIC” AEGEAN THEME COLORED M&Ms C = CYCLADIC M = MINOAN M = MYCAENEAN

3 TIMELINE  CYCLADIC © B.C.E. (PREHISTORIC)  MINOAN © 1700 – 1200 B.C.E.  HAD WRITING (LINEAR A), BUT NOT DECIPHERED SO FAR  © 1628 B.C.E.: VOLCANIC ERUPTION ON THERA  END OF THERAN CIVILIZATION -- DECLINE OF MINOAN CIVILIZATION?  MYCENAEAN (HELLADIC) © 1700 – 1200 B.C.E.  THEIR WRITING (LINEAR B) HAS BEEN DECIPHERED (PREDECESSOR OF CLASSICAL GREEK)  MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATIONS  GREEK MYTHOLOGY  © 12 TH C.: TROJAN WAR, DECLINE (INVASIONS)  8 TH C. B.C.E.: HOMER’S ILIAD AND ODYSSEY

4 CYCLADIC ART

5

6 STATUETTES OF WOMEN CYCLADIC © B.C.E. MARBLE, APPROX. 18 ” HIGH NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS

7 STATUETTE OF A WOMAN CYCLADIC © B.C.E. MARBLE, APPROX. 18” HIGH NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS

8 STATUETTE OF SEATED LYRE PLAYER CYCLADIC © B.C.E. MARBLE, 11 ½” HIGH NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS GREEK CONNECTION: PREDECESSOR OF APOLLO?

9 COMPARE: “THE THINKER AND HIS WIFE,” FROM CERNAVODA, ROMANIA © 3500 B.C.E. CERAMIC, 4 ½” HIGH. MUSEUM OF ANTIQUITIES, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA WHY ARE THESE PREHISTORIC PIECES SO COLLECTIBLE?

10 MINOAN ART

11

12 FRAGMENTS OF MINOAN TABLETS WITH LINEAR A INSCRIPTIONS – STILL UNDECIPHERED

13 ARCHITECTURE

14 PALACE AT KNOSSOS CRETE, GREECE © B.C.E. GREEK CONNECTION: HOME OF MYTHOLOGICAL KING MINOS

15 PALACE AT KNOSSOS (RECONSTRUCTION DRAWING) CRETE, GREECE © 1,700-1,400 B.C.E.

16 PLAN OF PALACE AT KNOSSOS -- LABYRINTH

17 GREEK CONNECTION: THE MYTH OF THESEUS (FOUNDER OF ATHENS) 5 TH C. BCE BLACK-FIGURE VASE PAINTING – THESEUS AND THE MINOTAUR  IN LABYRINTH OF KING MINOS, THESEUS BATTLED AND KILLED MINOTAUR (BULL- HEADED MAN)  NOTE: BULLS AGAIN!!  ARIADNE, DAUGHTER OF KING, GAVE THESEUS SPINDLE OF THREAD HE UNWOUND ON WAY INTO LABYRINTH SO HE COULD FIND WAY OUT.

18 GRAND STAIRWAY, PALACE OF KNOSSOS

19 PALACE AT KNOSSOS

20

21 PLUMBING - PALACE AT KNOSSOS

22 PAINTING

23 MINOAN WOMAN (“LA PARISIENNE”) FROM THE PALACE AT KNOSSOS © 1,450- 1,400 B.C.E. BUON FRESCO FRAGMENT, APPROX. 10” HIGH ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION, CRETE

24 BULL-LEAPING (“TOREADOR FRESCO”) FROM THE PALACE AT KNOSSOS,© 1,450-1,400 B.C.E. BUON FRESCO, 32 IN. HIGH ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION

25

26 THE QUEEN’S MEGATON, FROM KNOSSOS, CRETE © BCE. WITH DOLPIN FRESCO. ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION

27 DOLPHIN FRESCO

28 DETAIL: DOLPHIN FRESCO

29 THERA

30 FLOTILLA, DETAIL OF SHIPS FROM AKROTIRI, THERA, © 1,650 B.C.E. FRESCO APPROX. 17” HIGH. NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS CIVILIZATION ON THERA (CYCLADES) WIPED OUT BY VOLCANIC ERUPTION © 1625 B.C.E.  GLOBAL COOLING  DECLINE OF MINOAN CIVILIZATION?

31 LANDSCAPE WITH SWALLOWS (SPRING FRESCO), FROM ROOM DELTA 2, AKROTIRI, THERA (CYCLADES), GREECE, CA BCE. FRESCO, 7’ 6” HIGH. NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS.

32 POTTERY AND SCULPTURE

33 SNAKE GODDESS FROM PALACE AT KNOSSOS © 1,600 B.C.E. FAIENCE, 13 ½” HIGH ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION

34 DETAIL, SNAKE GODDESS

35 KAMARES-WARE JAR, FROM PHAISTOS, GREECE, © 1800–1700 B.C. E. CERAMIC, 1’ 8” HIGH. ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION THROWN POTTERY WHAT STYLE IS THIS? KAMARES WARE LIGHT FIGURES ON DARK BACKGROUND (BLACK SLIP)

36 MARINE STYLE OCTOPUS JAR FROM PALAIKASTRO, GREECE © 1,500 B.C.E. CERAMIC, 11” HIGH “STIRRUP JAR” WHAT STYLE IS THIS? MARINE STYLE DARK FIGURES ON LIGHT BACKGROUND (PAINTED GLAZE)

37 HARVESTER VASE, FROM HAGIA TRIADA, CRETE © 1500 BCE. STEATITE, ORIGINALLY WITH GOLD LEAF, GREATEST DIAMETER 5”. ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, HERAKLEION RHYTON: HOLE IN BOTTOM – FOR LIBATIONS

38 WHAT’S EXTRAORDINARY ABOUT THE HARVESTER VASE? REPRESENTATION OF GENUINE HUMAN EMOTION (MAYBE THE FIRST) AND SCULPTOR’S ATTENTION TO ANATOMY!

39 BULL-HEAD RHYTON, FROM KNOSSOS, CRETE © B.C.E. CERAMIC WITH SERPENTINE, STEATITE, CRYSTAL AND SHELL INLAY, GOLD LEAF

40 YOUNG GOD(?), FROM PALAIKASTRO, CRETE © 1500– 1475 BCE. HIPPOPOTAMUS IVORY, GOLD, SERPENTINE, AND ROCK CRYSTAL, RESTORED HEIGHT 1’ 7 1/2”. ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, SITEIA. 1’ 7 1/2”. ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, SITEIA. WHAT IS THIS KIND OF IVORY/GOLD FABRICATION CALLED? CHRYSELEPHANTINE WHAT CIVILIZATION’S INFLUENCE DO WE SEE? EGYPT. HOW? THE POSE

41 MYCENAEAN ART

42

43

44 LINEAR B – TABLET & RUBBINGS

45 ARCHITECTURE

46 AERIAL VIEW OF THE CITADEL AT TIRYNS, GREECE © 1400–1200 B.C.E.

47 GALLERY IN WALLS OF CITADEL AT TIRYNS WHAT KIND OF MASONRY: CYCLOPEAN WHAT KIND OF VAULT? CORBELLED WHAT ARE THOSE ROWS OF BLOCKS CALLED? COURSES

48 PLAN OF CITADEL AT TIRYNS N.B. THAT PROPYLON W/ COLUMNAR FAÇADE  PLANS OF EARLY GREEK TEMPLES

49 LION GATE, MYCENAE, GREECE, © 1,300-1,250 B.C.E. LIMESTONE, 9’ 6” HIGH WHAT PRIOR ARTWORK MOST LIKELY INFLUENCED THIS ONE? LION GATE, HATUSSA, TURKEY (HITTITE) © 1400 B.C.E.

50 LION GATE, HATTUSA (MODERN BOGHAZKÖY), TURKEY, © 1400 BCE. (HATTUSA = UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE)

51 LION GATE, MYCENAE WHAT KIND OF ARCH IS THIS? CORBELLED THIS SPACE IS CALLED: RELIEVING TRIANGLE TRIANGLE

52 WHAT KIND OF COMPOSITION IS THIS? HERALDIC

53 TREASURY OF ATREUS (ENTRANCE), MYCENAE, GREECE © 1,300-1,250 B.C.E. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THIS STRUCTURE? TOMB WHAT KIND OF TOMB? THOLOS - BEEHIVE

54 TREASURY OF ATREUS CIRCULAR CORBELLED VAULT = DOME

55 METALWORK, SCULPTURE, PAINTING AND POTTERY

56 FUNERARY MASK FROM GRAVE CIRCLE A, MYCENAE, GREECE © B.C.E. BEATEN GOLD, 12” HIGH TECHNIQUE?REPOUSSÉ WHAT CIVILIZATION’S INFLUENCE? EGYPT, ESP. NEW KINGDOM

57 INLAID DAGGER BLADE WITH LION HUNT, FROM GRAVE CIRCLE A, MYCENAE, GREECE © 1,600-1,500 B.C.E., BRONZE, INLAID WITH GOLD, SILVER AND NIELLO, 9” IN. LONG

58 FEMALE HEAD, FROM MYCENAE © 1300–1250 BCE. PAINTED PLASTER, 6 1/2” HIGH. NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS.

59 MYCENAEAN WOMAN, FROM MYCENAE © 1300 B.C.E. FRESCO, APPROX 12” HIGH

60 THREE DEITIES FROM MYCENAE © IVORY, 3” HIGH. NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS

61 WARRIORS VASE (KRATER) FROM MYCENAE © 1200 B.C.E. 1’ 4” HIGH. NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, ATHENS. HOW DOES IT COMPARE TO MINOAN HARVESTERS VASE? NO SETTING/ LANDSCAPE REPETITIOUS PATTERN FOR SOLDIERS SIMPLE NARRATIVE\ WHY? CIVILIZATION DECLINING

62 STIRRUP MARINE-STYLE VASE FROM MYCENAE © 1200 – 1100 B.C.E. CERAMIC, 10 ½” HIGH. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, NY ("MET") – NOTE STYLIZATION -- MAY INDICATE DECLINE IN SKILLS AS CIVILIZATION DECLINED


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