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Restricted © Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved.Answers for infrastructure and cities. WORLD CLASS? London’s Transport: Progress and Future Challenges BASE London – Gordon Wakeford Report by Professor David Begg sponsored by Siemens
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 2Author / Department “An organisation such as TfL is the envy of many cities” Formed in 2000 by the Greater London Authority Act 1999, it’s unlike any other body in the public sector. Intensively focused on delivery, operational performance and customers. Exist to deliver the Mayor’s agenda in the way successive Prime Ministers wish Whitehall would deliver theirs. Strengths Strategic planning - epitomised by the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (MTS) and 2025 Transport Report Modal Shift - there has been a 9% shift from car to sustainable transport since 2000.
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 3Author / Department London’s Roads Congestion Charging Introduced in 2003, it cut traffic by 20% and initially reduced congestion by 30%. Led to a dramatic increase in bus patronage and reliability and a big increase in the numbers walking and cycling. ATM (Active Travel Management) Traffic flows managed by holding traffic at junctions, allows longer strategic journeys to be prioritised. This was used successfully during the 2012 Games, reducing traffic around games venues in central London, diverting traffic to Outer London. SCOOT (Split Cycle Offset Optimisation Technique) Smoothes traffic flow by redistributing traffic and congestion. However can leads to more congestion away from the Transport for London Road Network (TLRN). The system enables TfL to accurately predict changing traffic patterns as a result of changes to the network. With population predicted to grow by 14.2% in the next 10 years these initiatives will only take us so far. If the congestion charging zone is not extended, it will be difficult to control congestion.
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 4Author / Department London’s Roads - A road jam packed with cars- Strip back the metal you find that there are not that many people moved -Compare with how much space is used by a bus moving the same number of people These images illustrate how inefficient cars are as users of road space. There is a common misconception that buses cause congestion. They are in fact congestion busters.
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 5Author / Department London’s Roads Challenges Merit in the argument that relative to the public transport network, investment in the roads network in London has played second fiddle. 80% of all passenger and some freight trips are made by road. However roads only account for a third of TfL’s expenditure. A simplistic, but mistaken, view is that spending on roads is “wrong” and “bad” whereas spending on public transport is “good” and “green”. The quality of the road network is vital to bus passengers, cyclists and pedestrians as well as car users, taxis and freight.
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 6Author / Department Cycling Cycling in London has increased by 70% and on major roads by 173%, in the last decade. However cycling only accounts for 2% of all journeys made in London - a relatively low figure compared to many other UK and European cities. Through the “cycling revolution”, Boris intends to preserve his predecessor’s target to increase cycling mode share to 5% of all journeys by London is broadly on track to achieving this target. Challenges For the Mayor to achieve a cycling revolution he must allocate funding and take bold action on cycling safety. Segregated cycle lanes, speed reduction, shared space and junction design are crucial to further uptake. Cycling 2% of daily journeys in London 20% KSI
Restricted © Siemens AG 20XX All rights reserved. 20XX-XX-XXPage 7Author / Department Future challenges for transport in London Challenges facing TfL going forward: Tackling traffic congestion against the rising population Achieving the right balance in the allocation of road space Improving London’s air quality record Road safety, protecting vulnerable road users Growing bus patronage in a period of substantial cuts in funding There has been a step change in the quality and capacity of transport in London, in the past 12 years London has benefitted hugely from a strong and stable structure of devolved government, bold and brave political leadership and a highly professional and competent organisation to deliver.
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