Presentation on theme: "Diplomatic Etiquette First session"— Presentation transcript:
1Diplomatic Etiquette First session Diplomatic TerminologiesPresented by :Yadav KhanalResource PersonInstitute of Foreign Affairs
2Meaning of Diplomatic terminologies As with other profession, diplomacy also is replete with specific terminologies and jargons.Such diplomatic terminologies and diplomatic jargons have been in use more commonly in diplomacy for long time.Also new terminologies and jargons have evolved and been evolving in line with the expansion of diplomatic functions as well as actors.Knowledge of such terminologies is essential for diplomats as well as for those who engage in diplomatic functions regularly or occasionally.
3Why do we need knowledge of diplomatic terminology ? Being Govt. official we all need to be aware of these termsCommon language for diplomats/officialsCodification in international laws and conventionsCommunication with desired effectComprehension of new and emerging knowledge and initiatives in diplomacy and international relations.Courtesies and politenessSparing ourselves from any diplomatic embarrassment
4Most common and useful terminologies Diplomatic positions and ranks:AmbassadorExtraordinary plenipotentiary: possessing full powerHigh Commissioner: for Commonwealth countriesHead of MissionDeputy Head /Chief of MissionDeputy High CommissionerChargé d’Affaires,a.i.(ad interim)
5Cont…Diplomatic positions and ranks: Chargé d’ Affaires e.p.(en pied)MinisterMinister CounsellorCounsellorFirst SecretarySecond SecretaryThird SecretaryAdministrative AttachéDefense Attaché and other various types of AttachésConsul-General/Consul:Honorary Consul-General/Honorary ConsulAmbassador-at-largeSpecial envoy/Representative
6Diplomatic Protocol and Processes: Protocol: Refers to the ceremonial side of diplomacy such as diplomatic courtesy, etiquette and precedence. It also refers to an agreement/understadingCalls: Meetings with leaders and officials eg. Courtesy call, farewell call etc.Call on : meetingAgrément: An approval granted by a receiving state to the proposed nomination of an ambassador of a sending state.Credentials (Letters of Credence): Letters given to an ambassador by his/her Head of State and addressed to the Head of State of his/her host country.AgreemoThey are delivered to the latter by ambassadors in a formal credentials ceremony. Until this ceremony has taken place he is not formally recognized by the host country, and he cannot officially act as an ambassador.
7Cont…Letters of Recall: Along with the letter of credence, an ambassador also present to the head of state of the host country during the credentials presentation ceremony Letters of Recall of his/her predecessor.Exequatur: A document issued to a consular officer by the host country government authorizing the officer to carry out his/her consular duties.Persona Non Grata (PNG): An individual who is unacceptable to or unwelcome by the host government.Precedence: Priority among ambassadors, consuls-general or consuls on ceremonial or formal occasions.Cross accreditation/ Concurrent Accreditation/Dual Accreditation: When a diplomatic mission based in one country is the concurrent representative to two or more countries.
8Cont…Exemption/Immunity: Exemption of foreign diplomatic agents or representatives from local tax and legal jurisdictionDiplomatic Corps: A group of foreign diplomats resident in a nation’s capital.Consular Corps: A group of consuls and consuls-general in a particular city.Dean of diplomatic corps: An ambassador who is the head of diplomatic corps. Normally, he/she is the person serving in that capacity the longest term. The dean represents the corps in collective dealings with host country officials on various matters of their mutual interests.
9Cont… Legal terminology: Accords: International agreements originally thought to be for lesser subjects than covered by treaties, but now really treaties by a different nameRatification: Following the negotiation of a treaty, ratification is the act by which a government formally commitsAccession: The procedure by which a nation becomes a party to an agreement already in force between other nationsExchange of Notes: A common way of recording an agreement. The contents of the notes are, of course, agreed upon in advance by the two governments participating in the exchange
10Cont…Final Act (Acte Finale): A formal summary statement, drawn up at the conclusion of a conferenceFull Powers: A legal document which authorizes a diplomat to conduct special business on behalf of sending governmentStatus Quo: Existing state of Affairs at a particular timeRSVP: A French term that means - please reply
11Cont… Diplomatic Premises: Embassy High Commission Permanent Mission ConsulateConsulate-GeneralHonorary Consulate-GeneralChancery: The office where the head of mission and his staff work.
12Diplomatic Communication Effectiveness of diplomacy lies in effective communicationDiplomatic communication is done between and among governmentsThird person note or Note verbal: Written formal Communication (begins with “…… presents its complements to…..and has the honor to request that…..” and ends with “… avails itself of this opportunity to renew to …… the assurances of its highest consideration”)First Person note : addressed to individual (begins with.. On behalf of the government of …… I have the honor… and ends with ….pls accept your Excellency the assurances of my highest considerationSymbolic communicationLevels of Diplomatic communication; Head of State/Government, Foreign Minister, Officials, Diplomats etc.Purposes of diplomatic communication: exchange views, clarify own positions, probe intentions, make agreement, attempt to convince other governments, diplomatic bargaining, diplomatic lobby, make propaganda etc
13Cont… Types of Diplomatic communication: Diplomatic bag/pouch: Bag in which mail is sent to and from diplomatic/consular missions and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs .Communiqué/Joint Communiqué: A summary of statement issued following important bilateral or multilateral meetings. Joint Communiqué is often signed by both the parties.Aide Memoire: A written summary of the key points made by a diplomat in an official conversation. Literally, a document left with the other party to the conversation, either at the time of the conversation or subsequently, as an aid to memory.
14Cont…Demarché: A formal approach or intervention by a diplomat, making representations to another government. Normally indicates formally raising an issue with host country government, usually involving a specific request for some action or decision in connection with the issueRapporteur: The official of a committee or subcommittee whose job is to prepare a summary report of its discussions andNegotiation (Secrecy is the soul of negotiation)Dean: Head of Diplomatic Core
15Cont… Diplomatic relations: Recognition: Commonly used in connection with the recognition by one state of the existence of another stateRapprochement: The establishment of improved relations between two countriesDétente: An easing of tension between statesRecall of Ambassador:
16Diplomacy Various forms of diplomacy: (Derived from the term Diploma. )Diplomacy is thinking twice before saying nothingDiplomacy is the patriotic art of lyingDiplomacy is the art of knowing what not to sayDiplomacy is the first line of defenseDiplomacy is the art of negotiation and generally known as a skill for the management of relation between states. These arts are known in different terms and practices: