Presentation on theme: "Magna Carta, Petition of Rights, English Bill of Rights"— Presentation transcript:
1 Magna Carta, Petition of Rights, English Bill of Rights
2 Magna CartaMagna Carta is Latin for “Great Charter”.Originally issued in 1215 AD, it led to the rule of constitutional law.
3 Magna CartaOriginally written because of disagreements between Pope Innocent III and King John about the rights of the King.The most notable right granted to the people by Magna Carta was Habeus Corpus.
4 Magna CartaThe “Charter of Liberties” was the predecessor of Magna Carta.Out of the 63 clauses in Magna Carta, only 3 are still in use today: 1st, 9th, and 29th.*The 29th clause is the Habeus Corpus clause.
5 Petition of RightsStatement of civil liberties sent by the English Parliament to Charles I.Initiated by Sir Edward Coke
6 4 Principles: 1) No taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament. 2) No subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (habeus corpus)
7 4 Principles: 3) No soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry. 4) Martial law may not be used in time of peace.
8 English Bill of RightsOne of the basic documents of English constitutional law, along with the Magna Carta.Statement of certain positive rights that its authors considered that citizens and/or residents of a constitutional monarchy should have.
9 English Bill of RightsAsserts subjects’ rights to petition the Monarch, and to bear arms for defense.Says the King cannot do certain things without the consent of the governed.
10 English Bill of Rights Predecessor of the: United States Constitution United Nations Universal Declaration of Human RightsEuropean Convention on Human Rights.