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Tracing CS4310 Fall 2012. What is Requirements Traceability? The ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement throughout the system lifecycle,

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Presentation on theme: "Tracing CS4310 Fall 2012. What is Requirements Traceability? The ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement throughout the system lifecycle,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tracing CS4310 Fall 2012

2 What is Requirements Traceability? The ability to describe and follow the life of a requirement throughout the system lifecycle, in both forward and backward directions.

3 DoD Std 21267A The document in question contains or implements all applicable stipulations of the predecessor document A given term, acronym, or abbreviation means the same thing in all documents A given item or concept is referred to by the same name or description in the documents All material in the successor document has its basis in the predecessor document, that is no untraceable material has been introduced The two documents do not contradict one another

4 Artifacts Pairs: What artifacts can be used for tracing, 3 minutes. Think of the following stages: Elicitation Specification Construction

5 Artifacts Elicitation –Interview report –Requirement specification –Memos, conversations, Specification –SRS Construction –Design models –Code –Test plan

6 Tracing An SRS is traceable if it is written to facilitate referencing individual requirements.

7 Tracing An SRS is traceable if it is written to facilitate referencing individual requirements. Take some feature of design and map it through the SRS to the source of the requirement.

8 Tracing An SRS is traceable if it is written to facilitate referencing individual requirements. Take some feature of design and map it through the SRS to the source of the requirement. How: careful and complete numbering of the sections and elements of the SRS.

9 Tracing An SRS is traceable if it is written to facilitate referencing individual requirements. Take some feature of design and map it through the SRS to the source of the requirement. How: careful and complete numbering of the sections and elements of the SRS. An SRS is traced if a flow up path can be identified between a requirement in the SRS and system level requirements in a statement of need or some other artifact ( , meeting notes, etc).

10 Tracing For any feature of the deliverable, –Trace to its initial source –Trace to its ultimate implementation

11 Types of tracing Pairs: Name four types of tracing

12 Types of tracing A. Forward from requirements B. Backward to requirements C. Forward to requirements D. Backward from requirements SRS C. A. D. B. ELICITATION ARTIFACTS CONSTRUCTION ARTIFACTS

13 Benefits V&V Align business needs with software being developed Reduce risk by capturing knowledge vital to project success Determine impact of change to requirements Support process improvement Conflict detection and resolution

14 Tracing helps QA/QC everything must be verified goals of verification –results may not be binary –verification may be objective or subjective

15 When? Continuously. –Initially Interview, prototype –Elaboration Architecture –Construction Unit testing, verification –Maintenance

16 Secrets Trace continuously Understand why traceability is important Have a strategy

17 Problems It’s hard to do: manual links Benefits frequently not seen until later Difficult to measure return on investment

18 Requirements Management Requirements management is the set of activities that help the project team to identify, control, and track requirements and changes to requirements at any time as the project proceeds. Requirements management begins with the identification of requirements.

19 Requirements Management- Identification Each requirement is assigned a unique identify that might take the form: – artifact-identifier: code that identifies the artifact. –e.g., FR for Feasibility Report, SRS for Software Requirements Specification, IR for Interview Report, M for Memoranda dated 11/10/2005. internal-identifier: code that references a section, a requirements number, or some other part of the document. –The internal identifier should allow someone to locate the information easily.

20 Traceability Tables Possible types of traceability tables include: –Features traceability table –Source traceability table –Dependency traceability table –Subsystem traceability table –Interface traceability table

21 Traceability Tables Features traceability table: -Shows how requirements relate to important customer observable system/product features. Source traceability table: -Identifies the source of each requirement. Dependency traceability table: -Indicates how requirements are related to one another.

22 Traceability Tables Subsystem traceability table: -Categorizes requirements by the subsystem(s) that they govern. Interface traceability table: -Shows how requirements related to both internal and external system interfaces.

23 Source Traceability SRS Requirements IRProtoMemo 1……Artifact n req1 req2xx … xx x x …xxx reqnx Sources


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