Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

2008 “PRE-Season” In Review: A Comparison of Tropical Cyclones Fay, Hanna, and Ike with Regards to Predecessor Rainfall Event (PRE) Development Michael.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "2008 “PRE-Season” In Review: A Comparison of Tropical Cyclones Fay, Hanna, and Ike with Regards to Predecessor Rainfall Event (PRE) Development Michael."— Presentation transcript:

1 2008 “PRE-Season” In Review: A Comparison of Tropical Cyclones Fay, Hanna, and Ike with Regards to Predecessor Rainfall Event (PRE) Development Michael L. Jurewicz, Sr. NOAA/NWS, Binghamton, NY Northeast Regional Operational Workshop November 5-6, 2008

2 Fay

3 Fay Overview Fay came ashore as a Tropical Storm over the FL Keys on Aug. 19, then slowly meandered across the FL Peninsula the next several days Synoptic Back-drop:  Cutoff low over the southern plains  Large, building anticyclone over the eastern U.S., to the north and northeast of Fay

4 700 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 19 Aug. L Fay Ridge Axis

5 925 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 19 Aug. L Fay Ridge Axis

6 300 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 19 Aug.

7 SR Null-Case Composites 700 mb heights (dam) and upward vertical motion (shaded, μb s-1) 925 mb heights (dam), θe (K), and 200 mb winds (shaded, m s-1) Center of composite TC

8 24-Hour QPE Through 1200 UTC, 20 Aug. Fay’s Direct Rainfall

9 Radar Mosaic, 2100 UTC, 20 Aug.

10 Parcel Trajectories Red – About 925 mb Blue – About 700 mb Green – About 500 mb

11 700 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 21 Aug. L Fay Ridge Axes

12 24-Hour QPE Through 1200 UTC, 21 Aug. Fay’s Direct Rainfall Disorganized Convection

13 Radar Mosaic, 1800 UTC, 21 Aug.

14 Parcel Trajectories Red – About 925 mb Blue – About 700 mb Green – About 500 mb

15 700 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 22 Aug. L Fay Ridge Axes

16 24-Hour QPE Through 1200 UTC, 22 Aug. Still Disorganized Convection Fay’s Rainfall

17 Radar Loop – 20 Aug. to 24 Aug.

18 A Classic Null-Case Fay produced tremendous rainfall across parts of the Southeastern U.S.  Several day totals of 20”+ in parts of FL  Due to the direct impacts of Fay’s rainfall shield and her slow movement PRE development not observed  Expansive mid-level ridge was in place; nearly enveloped Fay  Precipitation maxima stayed tightly clustered around the circulation center

19 Hanna

20 Hanna Overview Hanna came ashore as a Category 1 Hurricane near the NC/SC border around 0600 UTC, 6 Sept. Synoptic Back-drop:  Large western Atlantic ridge and central U.S. troughiness Deep southerly flow regime over the eastern states

21 700 mb Heights/Winds, 0000 UTC, 6 Sept.

22 925 mb Heights/Theta-E and 200 mb Winds, 0000 UTC, 6 Sept. Theta-E Ridge Line

23 Hanna Falls Within the SR Category; SR TC Tracks and PRE Locations All SR TC Tracks All SR PPTC Tracks; with PRE centroids (colored dots)

24 SR PPTC Composites (PRE - 12) Center of composite TC Trough axis Ridge axis θ e -Ridge axis 700 mb heights (dam) and upward vertical motion (shaded, μb s -1 ) 925 mb heights (dam), θ e (K), and 200 mb winds (shaded, m s -1 )

25 Mid-level Streamlines Representative TC Tracks TC Rainfall PREs LL θ e -Ridge Axis See inset UL Jet Conceptual Model: LOT PRE Ahead Of SR Or AR TC Revised and updated from Fig. 13 of Bosart and Carr (1978)

26 PRE Outlook Synoptic setting seemed somewhat favorable for potential PRE development poleward of Hanna  TC embedded within southerly 700 mb flow, with short wave upstream However, trough was less amplified than the composites  Strengthening upper-level jet streak to the north  Developing 925 mb theta-e ridge, although a little broader and farther east than the composites  Proximity of low-level boundary

27 850 mb Moisture Transport, 0000 UTC, 6 Sept.

28 850 mb Moisture Transport, 1200 UTC, 6 Sept.

29 Precipitable Water and Low-Level Winds, 0000 UTC, 6 Sept.

30 Precipitable Water and Low-Level Winds, 1200 UTC, 6 Sept.

31 Radar Loop, 0000 – 1500 UTC, 6 Sept.

32 QPE, UTC, 6 Sept. “PRE-like” Rainfall

33 A Quick PRE A band of heavy rainfall did develop north of Hanna from late Friday, 9/6 into Sat., 9/7  However, it was transient in nature; almost like a progressive warm front feature Limited rainfall in most areas to 1” or less Parts of RI/southeast MA did get heavier amounts (2- 3” and locally higher, in just a 3-6 hour period) Best combination of moisture inflow and jet dynamics

34 Hanna’s Direct Rainfall Shield A narrow band of heavy rain accompanied Hanna up the Eastern Seaboard  Maximum rainfall shifted increasingly just to the left of track with poleward extent Typical of transitioning TC  Generally, 3-6” of rain fell within a 6-10 hour period Dry antecedent conditions and the lack of a significant “Along-Track” PRE mitigated any serious flood problems

35 Radar Loop from 1200 UTC, 6 Sept. to 0600 UTC, 7 Sept.

36 QPE, 1200 UTC, 6 Sept. to 1200 UTC, 7 Sept. Where heavier rains fell earlier

37 Ike

38 Ike Overview Ike came ashore as a Category 2 Hurricane along the TX coast around 0600 UTC, 13 Sept. Synoptic Back-drop:  Large southeastern U.S. ridge and western states troughiness Deep southerly flow regime over the southern Plains and up the Mississippi Valley

39 700 mb Heights/Winds, 0600 UTC, 12 Sept.

40 925 mb Heights/Theta-E and 200 mb Winds, 0600 UTC, 12 Sept. Theta-E Ridge Line

41 Ike Falls Within the CG Category; CG TC Tracks and PRE Locations All CG Tracks All CG PPTC Tracks; with PRE centroids (colored dots)

42 PRE Outlook Synoptic setting seemed favorable for potential PRE development poleward of Ike  TC embedded within southerly 700 mb flow, with trough upstream  Strengthening upper-level jet streak to the north/northeast  Sharpening 925 mb theta-e ridge axis  Nearly stationary low-level boundary

43 Derived Total Precipitable Water, 0600 UTC, 12 Sept. Channel of Moisture Inflow L Ike

44 Precipitable Water, 0600 UTC, 12 Sept.

45 850 mb Moisture Transport, 0600 UTC, 12 Sept.

46 Radar Loop, 0000 – 1800 UTC, 12 Sept.

47 Parcel Trajectories Red – About 850 mb Blue – About 700 mb Green – About 500 mb L Ike

48 Total Rainfall for PRE in Southern KS

49 Flood Pictures (West Wichita, KS)

50 700 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 13 Sept. L Ike

51 300 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 13 Sept.

52 925 mb Analysis, 1200 UTC, 13 Sept. L Ike

53 850 mb Moisture Transport, 1200 UTC, 13 Sept.

54 Precipitable Water, 1200 UTC, 13 Sept.

55 Radar Loop, UTC, 13 Sept.

56 Total Rainfall for PRE in Northern IL

57 Ike’s Significant PRE Two well defined PRE  First from central OK to southern KS late on Thu., 9/11 and early Fri., 9/12  Widespread 6”+ rainfall, with an embedded band of 10-15” (Wichita, KS set all-time 24- hour precipitation record (nearly 11”))  Second from northern MO/southeastern IA to northern IL/IN Several bands of 5-10” rainfall (locally higher amounts)

58 Ike’s Direct Rainfall Shield TC Ike picked up speed as it gained latitude  A band of 3-6” rainfall spread from the southern Plains, to the Mississippi Valley, to the Lower Great Lakes region  Fortunately for KS, most of this rainfall occurred east of the Wichita area  Parts of MO and IL not so lucky Exacerbated existing flood problems from the PRE

59 Radar Loop from 1800 UTC, 13 Sept. to 1200 UTC, 14 Sept.

60 QPE, from UTC, 14 Sept. Hardest hit areas from Ike’s first PRE

61 QPE, from UTC, 14 Sept. Hardest hit areas from Ike’s second PRE

62 Flood Pictures (Chicago area)

63 Summary Fay produced very heavy rainfall; but no PRE  Strong ridge to the north/northeast prevented significant moisture advection outward from the TC’s circulation center Hanna produced a transient PRE-like feature to its north  Fast PRE movement kept rainfall amounts down  Not much overlap between PRE and direct TC rainfall Ike produced two substantial PRE  Stationary forcing features (frontal boundary and back- building upper-level jet) were better able to anchor/lift deep tropical moisture plume  PRE had considerably more impact than direct TC rainfall in KS  PRE + TC rainfall created major runoff problems in MO and IL

64 The End !! Any Questions ??


Download ppt "2008 “PRE-Season” In Review: A Comparison of Tropical Cyclones Fay, Hanna, and Ike with Regards to Predecessor Rainfall Event (PRE) Development Michael."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google