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Come to the Rescue! Create Accessible Online and Blended Courses Aisha Haynes, EdD 803-777-2791 Clayton Copeland, PhD

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Presentation on theme: "Come to the Rescue! Create Accessible Online and Blended Courses Aisha Haynes, EdD 803-777-2791 Clayton Copeland, PhD"— Presentation transcript:

1 Come to the Rescue! Create Accessible Online and Blended Courses Aisha Haynes, EdD Clayton Copeland, PhD

2 Imagine…

3

4 Accessibility in Education Word, PowerPoint, Excel, PDFs Captioned/transcribed videos Alt-text for images Easy to navigate courses

5 Statistics World Health Organization – 56 million (U.S.) identified as having a disability 11% of college students, 10% of adults This means that one in five Americans is “differently able”; (US Census) The number of children and young people (ages 5 to 15) who are differently-able is 2,614,919 (US Census)

6 Statistics 20% of Americans aged 12 or older lives with significant hearing loss Over 285 million worldwide have visual impairments – International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness

7 Statistics 37 million deaf/hard of hearing in U.S. – National Center for Health Statistics Veterans of Iraq/Afghanistan war – 45% of 1.6 million sought compensation for injuries

8 Statistics Medical Advancements – Premature babies, accidents, stroke victims Aging Society – 40.3 million citizens aged 65 and over

9 A Pictorial View

10 Accessibility Laws Rehabilitation Act – Section 504: Equal access to programs, services and activities Web-based communications covered – Section 508: Electronic information accessible

11 Accessibility Laws Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – Prohibits discrimination Telecommunications, public accommodations, employment, transportation, public services

12 Less focus on laws, more focus on ACCESS…

13 For Those Who Are Differently -Able Inaccessible societies are a disappointing, disheartening reality

14 For those who are Differently- Able, Inaccessibility... Places unnecessary barriers in environments Does not allow for flexibility / alternative methods for accomplishing tasks Perpetuates the myth of DIS-ability

15 Misperceptions Serving as Contributors to Inaccessibility Supply versus Demand; Finances; “Disability” as a social construction

16 Culture Change …make class accessible when student discloses? …chances I will have a blind/dead student? Proactive, not reactive Team effort

17 Course Accessibility Accessibility is not just about disability Course accessibility is about increasing learning – Inclusion and equality – Student success Accessibility helps all students learn – ESL – 10% read, 20% hear, 50% read and hear

18 Universal Design Making small changes to benefit Everyone

19 Online Accessibility Strategies Use sans-serif text formats – Examples: Arial, Verdana, Helvetica, Calibri Easier to read for individuals who are visually impaired Font sizes should be at least 12 points Avoid writing whole sentences in capital letters Use bold to display emphasis

20 Online Accessibility Strategies Heading feature in Word Bookmark tables in Word Use columns in Word Include alternative text for Images Use bullets/numbered lists for formatting

21 Online Accessibility Strategies Properly label links (don’t use “Click Here”) – WebAIM article on creating accessible documents in Word (webaim.org/techniques/word) WebAIM article on creating accessible documents in Word (webaim.org/techniques/word) Do not use color alone to convey messages Logically order PowerPoint objects Set videos to start automatically in PowerPoint

22 Online Accessibility Strategies Provide sufficient color contrast Perform Optical Character Recognition (OCR) on PDF files

23 Caption/Transcribing Techniques Caption/transcribe videos Create script first Dragon dictation app on iPad/iPhone Dragon naturally speaking (Premium version) YouTube automatic captioning Amara Captioning Tool

24 Adobe Presenter

25 Other Technologies Screencast-o-matic (free version) – Screencast-o-matic (www.screencast-o- matic.com/) Screencast-o-matic (www.screencast-o- matic.com/) Camtasia Studio ($165 for education version) – Camtasia Studio (www.camtasia.com) Camtasia Studio (www.camtasia.com) Vimeo (free version) – Vimeo (www.vimeo.com) Vimeo (www.vimeo.com)

26 Accessibility Checkers MS-Word, PowerPoint, Excel (2010 and 2013) – File -> Info -> Check for Issues -> Check Accessibility PowerPoint 2007, 2010, 2013 – Selection Pane to view item order Home -> Arrange -> Selection Pane PowerPoint 2011 for Mac – Arrange -> Reorder Objects

27 Accessibility Checkers PDF – Tools -> Accessibility -> Full Check

28 Built-in Assistive Technologies Microsoft – Microsoft (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en- us/windows/bb aspx) Microsoft (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en- us/windows/bb aspx) Apple / Mac – Apple/Mac (http://www.apple.com/accessibility/) Apple/Mac (http://www.apple.com/accessibility/)

29 State and Nation-wide Resources South Carolina Assistive Technology Program SCATP (http://www.sc.edu/scatp/)SCATP (http://www.sc.edu/scatp/)) – AT in the Classroom AT-Classroom (http://www.sc.edu/scatp/ATclassroom.htm)

30 Additional Resources Center for Applied Special Technology CAST (http://www.cast.org/research/udl/index.html)) CAST (http://www.cast.org/research/udl/index.html) The Center for Universal Design in Education Center for Universal Design in Education (http://www.washington.edu/doit/CUDE/) Center for Universal Design in Education (http://www.washington.edu/doit/CUDE/)

31 The “Lived Experience” How can we accurately study phenomena and realities if not from the perspectives of the individuals for whom they have a direct impact? How might we accurately assess equity of access to information and how can we meet service needs unless people who need services have opportunities to voice these needs and to contribute to ideas of how these needs might be addressed?

32 Thank You


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