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Fresno Pacific University. Online Teacher Education An evaluation study conducted at: Fresno Pacific University.

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Presentation on theme: "Fresno Pacific University. Online Teacher Education An evaluation study conducted at: Fresno Pacific University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fresno Pacific University

2 Online Teacher Education An evaluation study conducted at: Fresno Pacific University

3 Fresno Pacific University Technology integration emphasis..  Online skills are the means - not the ends  Prepare teachers for collaborative online curriculum development

4 Fresno Pacific University TEC 2008  Hybrid delivery system: – Course booklets – Floppy disks – Course website –

5 Fresno Pacific University TEC 2008  Three Modules: – skills – World wide web – Webpage design

6 Fresno Pacific University Research Questions  Who was taking the course?  Why were they taking the course?  What helped them to learn?  How did it change their teaching?

7 Fresno Pacific University Online Survey  236 Teachers Polled –108 responded –46 % return rate

8 Fresno Pacific University Who was taking the course ?

9 Fresno Pacific University Age of Course Participants

10 Fresno Pacific University Gender of Course Participants

11 Fresno Pacific University Grade Level Assignments

12 Fresno Pacific University School Location

13 Fresno Pacific University Computer Platform

14 Fresno Pacific University Previous Internet Experience

15 Fresno Pacific University Participant Connectivity

16 Fresno Pacific University Administrative Support

17 Fresno Pacific University Why are teachers taking the course?  Improve personal computer skills  Learn to use  Use the internet for research  Use the internet for lesson development  Learn to create webpages

18 Fresno Pacific University Why are teachers taking the course? - cont.  Prior to course –Initial responses often did not mention using skills in the classroom  After the course –Many indicated that they recognized the potential for pedagogical use

19 Fresno Pacific University What helps teachers learn online?  Usual qualities of effective teaching: – Content knowledge – Enthusiasm for the subject matter – Organized lesson plan

20 Fresno Pacific University What helps teachers learn online? - cont.  Significant differences identified: –Prompt answers to questions provided needed support –Ability to troubleshoot technology problems in a patient manner highly valued –Online medium allows personal attention to questions

21 Fresno Pacific University What do learners value in online instruction?  Personalization  Emotional support  A safe place to learn

22 Fresno Pacific University Personalization “It allowed a more personalized learning experience, as the instructor "fine tuned" the course to meet MY needs vs group needs.” Becki

23 Fresno Pacific University Personalization - continued “I feel I know Bob better than any professor I had in college. I had immediate access to help which I couldn't get from a professor in a classroom situation.” James

24 Fresno Pacific University Personalization - continued “He was always interested in my accomplishments and he encouraged me to try out new things on the internet.” Lu

25 Fresno Pacific University Emotional support “The immediate feedback was very energizing and was a big plus in taking the class. It was a lot of fun to communicate with the instructor on a one-on-one basis and made the course much more enjoyable.” Pam

26 Fresno Pacific University Emotional support - continued “Bob's timely responses to my work provided me with the emotional support I needed.” Julee

27 Fresno Pacific University Emotional support - continued “I was able to get help a few times when I needed it, otherwise I might have failed with frustration.” Claudia

28 Fresno Pacific University Emotional support - continued “The instructor was enormously helpful when I was in panic mode.” Deborah

29 Fresno Pacific University Emotional support - continued “Being a novice, I needed the feedback and the validation.” Kathi

30 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn “I felt at ease knowing that the instructor was just an away. I was not afraid to make mistakes.” Chad

31 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn - continued “Sometimes students don't want to ask questions in person or over the phone, and this medium allows for a more open approach.” Ed

32 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn - continued “No question was too dumb in the privacy of .” Terri “I felt very comfortable asking questions... questions I may have not asked in a classroom.” Chris

33 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn - continued “Bob is so encouraging and helpful. He never made me feel stupid, and he gave me so many helpful hints and resources. He walked me through a number of assignments and encouraged me to take things a step further on my own.” Jim

34 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn - continued “I felt totally supported in my clumsy early attempts to negotiate the Web...He was unfailingly specific in his comments, which helped me zero in on problem areas.” Joan

35 Fresno Pacific University A safe place to learn - continued “I was able to proceed without feeling lost or abandoned.” Rosalind

36 Fresno Pacific University TEC 2008  Course Completion Rate –96 percent

37 Fresno Pacific University What do learners value?  Responses evoke Stephen Brookfield’s work on overcoming resistance to adult learning. –apparent irrelevance of learning activity –poor self-image as learners –fear of the unknown –fear of looking foolish in public.

38 Fresno Pacific University What to learners value? - continued  Effective online instruction structures learning situation to overcome these barriers.

39 Fresno Pacific University Changing perceptions  Metaphors describing teachers’ views of the classroom after the course

40 Fresno Pacific University Changing perceptions - continued – “part of the learning world” – “a more encompassing arena” – “a wider environment” – “a connected classroom”

41 Fresno Pacific University Changing perceptions - continued – “ a global learning lab” – “a window to the information world” – “ a porthole to the wonderful world beyond ”

42 Fresno Pacific University Implications for future course development   Many implications   Some unanticipated   Three broad categories for additional research:

43 Fresno Pacific University Implications - continued  Hiring and developing online instructors  Prerequisite skills for learners  Implications for program development

44 Fresno Pacific University Implications for hiring online instructors  Traditional skills still apply  Additional written communication skills  Appropriate “voice” and online presence

45 Fresno Pacific University Implications for hiring - continued  Desired faculty characteristics –ability to establish appropriate “voice” –online presence that communicates love of subject love of subject respect for the learnerrespect for the learner

46 Fresno Pacific University Implications for hiring - continued  New ethical issues  Appropriate “netiquette”  Documenting course communications

47 Fresno Pacific University Implications for hiring- continued  Preliminary cross-disciplinary research emerging in online and print journals educationeducation psychologypsychology communicationscommunications sociologysociology ethicsethics

48 Fresno Pacific University Implications for hiring- continued  Translate research into hiring criteria and faculty development programming

49 Fresno Pacific University Implications for prerequisite skills for learners  Delineate learner prerequisite skills  Provide means to develop skills

50 Fresno Pacific University Implications for program evaluation  Unanticipated research questions –design issues  Online course and program evaluation  New possibilities –Rapid response possible online

51 Fresno Pacific University Implications for program evaluation - cont.  Survey results can be posted for learner reaction  Feedback prompts further questions and responses

52 Fresno Pacific University Implications for program evaluation - cont.  Evaluation loop allows increase in formative and summative evaluation  Software-aided analysis  Greater data utilization

53 Fresno Pacific University Summary  Enthusiastic response to online course  Demonstrates power of online medium in achieving cognitive and affective learning goals

54 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Strength of this delivery system is the ability of the instructor to communicate with each learner individually

55 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Role of the instructor “walking” in close time proximity with the learner is a critical factor in the learning process

56 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  en kairo - “at the proper time” – Feedback – Personalized instruction – Encouragement

57 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Instructor’s ability to troubleshoot technology-related concerns –maintains the flow of learning –assists in keeping the technology ubiquitous

58 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Implications for the maximum number of learners assigned to online courses –Technology assistants could deal with non- academic concerns –Online instructor/learner communication will remain time-consuming

59 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Realistic expectations –Learners’ expectations –Manageable faculty loads –Balanced with learner motivation and retention issues

60 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Faculty development –Develop and refine online communication skills –Develop baseline faculty technology skills

61 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Online education for teachers appears to be a viable means of professional development

62 Fresno Pacific University Summary - continued  Online program evaluation will assist the university in maximizing benefits of this delivery system

63 Fresno Pacific University School of Professional Studies

64 Fresno Pacific University School of Professional Studies Bob Jost Wendy Wakeman

65 Fresno Pacific University


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