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NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Amendments to Part 182: Endangered Species Regulations.

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Presentation on theme: "NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Amendments to Part 182: Endangered Species Regulations."— Presentation transcript:

1 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Amendments to Part 182: Endangered Species Regulations

2 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources New York Endangered Species Act ECL Article Enacted in 1970 Section 1 defines “endangered” and “threatened” species and authorizes DEC to promulgate list of protected species. Section 2 prohibits “the taking” of any endangered or threatened species “except under license or permit from the department.” “Taking” is defined in ECL (13) as including “pursuing, shooting, hunting, killing, capturing, trapping, snaring and netting... and all lesser acts such as disturbing, harrying or worrying....”

3 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Prior Regulations for 6 NYCRR Part 182 –Defined few terms but left many important terms undefined –Listed protected species –Prohibited “taking” without permit (but does not define circumstances for determing “take” or permit process)

4 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Prior Regulation for Incidental Take Permit Issuance §182.4 License or permit: –The department may, at its discretion, issue a license or permit to a person to take, transport, sell, import and/or possess endangered or threatened species of fish and wildlife for purposes it deems legitimate. Such license or permit shall state the species to which it applies and any other conditions the department may deem appropriate.

5 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Deficiencies in Prior Regulations: No criteria for listing or delisting species No procedures for incidental take permit application or review No specific standards or criteria for incidental take permit issuance or denial Key terms were not defined and failed to incorporate key court interpretations of “take”

6 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources What the Amendments Do: Establish criteria for listing and delisting species Define key terms such as “lesser acts,” “essential behavior,” “adverse modification of habitat,” and “net conservation benefit” Specify that Article 11 permits are only required for projects that have unavoidable negative impacts on protected species or their occupied habitat Provide that Article 11 permit review will follow UPA procedures Establish specific standards for permit issuance or denial

7 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Take or Taking” means the pursuing, hunting, killing, capturing, trapping, snaring and netting of any species listed as endangered or threatened in this Part, and all lesser acts such as disturbing, harrying or worrying.

8 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Lesser acts” means, for the purposes of this Part, harassing, harming, maiming, wounding or collecting any species listed as endangered or threatened in [this] Part, any act which is likely to cause the death of or injury to any individual member(s) of a [listed] species, an adverse modification of habitat of a [listed] species, and any interference with or impairment of an essential behavior of a [listed] species.

9 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Adverse modification of habitat” means any alteration of the occupied habitat of any species listed as endangered or threatened in this Part that, as determined by the department, is likely to negatively affect one or more essential behaviors of such species.

10 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Occupied habitat” means the geographic are in New York within which a species listed as endangered or threatened in this Part has been determined by the department to exhibit one or more essential behaviors. Once designated as occupied habitat, the designation will continue until the department determines that the habitat is no longer suitable or that monitoring has indicated that reoccupation is unlikely.

11 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Essential behavior” means any of the behaviors exhibited by a species listed as endangered or threatened in this Part that are a part of its normal or traditional life cycle and that are essential to its survival and perpetuation. Essential behavior includes behaviors associated with breeding, hibernation, reproduction, feeding, sheltering, migration and overwintering.

12 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Key Definitions: “Net conservation benefit” means a successful enhancement of the species’ overall population, local population or contribution to the recovery of the species in New York. To be classified as a net conservation benefit, the enhancement or contribution must benefit the affected species... or its habitat to a greater degree than if the applicant’s proposed activity were not undertaken.

13 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Legal Decisions Supporting Regulatory Framework State v. Sour Mountain Realty, 276 AD2d 8, 9, 15 (2 nd Dept. 2000) State v. White Oak Co., 13 AD3d 435, 437 (2 nd Dept. 2004). In both cases, adverse modification of habitat treated as a “take.” Sour Mountain decision supported jurisdiction prior to take White Oak decision explicitly required applicant to obtain a permit to continue project.

14 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Net Conservation Benefit as Benchmark for Permit Issuance Example from White Oak incidental take permit “Take” resulting from project: permanent loss of 7 acres of occupied tiger salamander habitat and isolation of remaining habitat areas Net Conservation Benefit met by: –Restoration of 4 acres of habitat within core area to enhance existing habitat –Construction of 2 new vernal pools within protected area to enhance migration and recruitment –Construction of chain link fencing around protected habitat to reduce existing threats from ATV use –Provided upland connectivity with adjacent occupied sites

15 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources White Oak Incidental Take Permit DEC issued incidental take permit because: (i) take is incidental to an otherwise lawful activity (housing development); (ii) take does not jeopardize the survival of the population at issue (tiger salamander); and (iii) permit requires mitigation measures that achieve a net conservation benefit for the species.

16 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Assessment of Jurisdiction Based on: – Presence of Occupied Habitat – If Proposed Action is anticipated to have adverse impact on habitat or T/E species Applicants and reviewing entities can request jurisdiction determinations DEC will respond in 30 days If under Part 182 jurisdiction, a description of the potential “take” will be provided

17 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Natural Heritage Programs Nature Explorer Where is Occupied Habitat Information Available?

18 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources

19 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Environmental Resource Mapper

20 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources

21 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources

22 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources

23 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Application: If Take is unavoidable: Apply for an Article 11 Incidental Take permit along with other UPA permits – Regional Permit Administrators Additional application materials: –mitigation plan –implementation agreement Mitigation plan provides net conservation benefit

24 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Review: Mitigation plan assessed for net conservation benefit Implementation agreement assessed for meeting the requirements of implementing mitigation plan Review conducted under UPA time frames in conjunction with other UPA authorities – All permits issued concurrently

25 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Issuance: Proposed activity is lawful and take is incidental Mitigation plan and implementation agreement approved by department Mitigation plan provides net conservation benefit

26 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Denial: Proposed activity will result in loss of occupied habitat, loss of individual member(s) of species, or interference with essential behaviors; and Net conservation benefit cannot be achieved; or Survival or recovery of species is jeopardized by proposed activity

27 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Terms: Permits issued for the anticipated life of the project and mitigation plan Permit authorizes all take addressed in approved mitigation plan Amendments may be necessary if scope of project changes Permits may be transferable

28 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources CONCLUSION The new regulations provide the public, Department staff, lead agencies and potential applicants with clear guidance regarding: The criteria DEC applies in determining whether to list or delist a species; What triggers DEC’s jurisdiction over protected species and their habitat; Under what circumstance an incidental take permit is required; The procedures to be followed during the permit application and review process; and The standards and criteria DEC applies when determining whether to grant or deny a permit.

29 NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources QUESTIONS? Final Text of New Regulation: FAQ on New Regulation: Environmental Resource Mapper and Nature Explorer: Natural Heritage Program:


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