Presentation on theme: "2009 Envirothon Wildlife Study Session Carey Entz Lycoming County Conservation District Watershed Specialist."— Presentation transcript:
2009 Envirothon Wildlife Study Session Carey Entz Lycoming County Conservation District Watershed Specialist
Wildlife Facts With Track and Skull ID #’s refer to the Wildlife Note
Bobcat (#3) Bay Lynx, Wildcat, Swamp Tiger or Red Lynx Efficient predator with acute senses 36” in length, and weighs 15- 20lbs Feeds on mice, rats, squirrels, birds, rabbits Nocturnal and Colorblind Strong swimmer and climber Live in dens, rock crevasses Habitat: Mountainous areas, in deep forest and swamps
Cottontailed Rabbit(#4) PA most popular game animal Length 15-18” and weighs 2-3lbs Sharp hearing and keen sense of smell Herbivore: leaves, herbs, fruits and veggies Favorite Foods: clover and grass Habitat: swamps, thickets, briar patches, weedy fields, brush piles, brush gullies and overgrown fence rows. Nest are fur and grass lined cup shaped depressions in the ground.
Gray Fox (#5) Small, carnivores, found throughout PA Extremely sharp sense of sight, smell, and hearing. A fox can hear a mouse squeak from 150’ The eat whatever is the easiest to obtain Intelligent predators 22-25” length and weighs 8-12lbs Grizzled gray coat Habitat: brushy swamplands, and mountainous terrain
Red Fox (#5) Long, Reddish-orange fur slightly darkened on the back, black ears and legs and feet; and a long bushy tail with a white tip. Dramatic Color Variations: Dark stripe from head down and stripe across shoulders to form a cross like pattern All Red Foxes Melanistic Red and Silver Foxes: are black with white tipped hairs
Raccoon (#9) Known for being destructive; damaging crops and gardens, getting into garbage cans and raiding nest of birds. 18-28” in length and weighs 10-30lbs, 10” tail Noted for their bandit like appearance. Adapted well to people and human activities Omnivorous: fish, small mammals Nocturnal and are well climbers
River Otter (#11) An exclusively aquatic mammal Belongs to the Mustelid or weasel family Otters are very playful usually found sliding on the ice, shooting down muddy banks, playing with their food or wrestling with one another. 30-40” in length and weights 10-25lbs Favorite food: fish, frogs, turtles and mussels Habitat: Clean water supporting aquatic life and fish.
Beaver (#14) North America’s Largest Rodent Beaver fur is thick and valuable Weighs 40-60lbs and 40” in length, Poor vision and Acute hearing and smell Herbivores: Aspen, Maple, Willow, Black Cherry and Birch Dam water, and live in Lodges Habitat: prefers creeks small enough to be dammed.
Mink (#22) Furbearer and trapped for pelts Semi-aquatic member of the Mustelidae family Weasels, fishers, badgers, otters and skunks 2’ in length and weighs 1.5-2lbs, 8” tail Excellent hearing and sight, good sense of smell Great swimmers with webbed feet Carnivores: mice, rabbits, frogs, and Crayfish Habitat: edges of lakes, streams, and rivers in forested areas.
Stripped Skunk (#23) AKA Polecat 7-10” in Length and weighs 3-12lbs Omnivorous: will eat about anything pine needles, honey, spiders, mice, frogs Stripes vary in length and width Placid and sluggish creature Den in burrows Habitat: mixed woods, fencerows and brushlots
Porcupine (#24) Colonial name Quilled Pig 30” in length and weighs 9-15lbs, 10” tail North America's 2 nd largest rodent Quills are 1-4” in length may have 30,000 Quills are replaced as they fallout Almost blind to stationary objects Slow and clumsy animal Vegetarian Diet: wood, twigs, and needles Habitat: Mixed hardwood forests
Opossum (#25) One of the worlds oldest species of mammal The only marsupial in our continent Marsupials are born before they are well developed and continue to develop in the mothers pouch on her abdomen. 24-40” in length and weighs 4-12lbs, 10” tail Excellent climbers, and nocturnal When threatened they play possum and exude a musky odor Habitat: farmland and woodlands
White-Tailed Deer(#28) Spilt hoofed, ruminant animal Ruminant: chews cud, 4 chamber stomach Largest sub species is the Northern woodland 70” in length and weights 140lbs They have sent producing glands Can run at 40mph in a short distance Colorblind, keen sense of smell and hearing Great jumpers: 9’ high and 25’ wide Eat herbaceous and woody plants Habitat: seedling-sapling forests
Black Bear (#29) PA premier big game animal 50-80” Length and Weighs 140-400lbs Males are known as Bores, Female are Sows Extremely agile and can run 30mph Acute sense of smell, mainly nocturnal Largely vegetarian: Fruit, nuts and plants Hibernate in Winter Habitat: Wooded areas, enjoy Mt. Laurel thickets
Elk (#33) Before the white settlers came to America the Elk lived throughout the state. By 1867 the species were ultimately extinct Today, the inhabit Elk, Cameron and few in Clinton and Clearfield Counties. 2nd largest member of the deer Family. Elk can also be called “Wapiti” an Indian word for white deer. 50-60” length and weighs 600-1000 Males: Bull and Females: Cows
Eastern Coyote (#39) Fossil records indicate coyotes have been in eastern N. America since Pleistocene period 1 million years ago! Highest populations are in the northern PA 48-60” length and weigh 45-55lbs Monogamous- mate for life Social group animal Habitat: mostly deep forestland, Prefers brushy cover, and forest edges
More Notes… You Need to Know! We have only went over the Notes which you need to know track, skull and info based on the Wildlife Notes. There are 35 more notes you will need to know! New species this year: Bluejay, Chipmunk, Flycatchers, Snow Goose Pileated Woodpecker, Yellow Bellied Sapsucker Wildlife Notes: http://www.pgc.state.pa.us/http://www.pgc.state.pa.us/
Bird Songs Don’t forget to review Bird Songs found on the Pa Envirothon Bird Song CD! For Bird Song List : http://www.envirothonpa.org/Wildlife-Station.shtml