Presentation on theme: "State Wildlife Grants Program and the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy Jenny A. Landry."— Presentation transcript:
1 State Wildlife Grants Program and the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy Jenny A. Landry
2 Conserving Biodiversity US laws and policies place primary responsibility for wildlife management in the hands of the statesState Wildlife Grants provides Federal dollars to support cost effective conservation aimed at preventing wildlife from becoming endangered.
3 Background of the State Wildlife Grants Program The program was first authorized by congress in 2002Program grew out of Conservation and Reinvestment Act compromise languageProgram is subject to annual congressional legislation
4 What does the program do? SWG program is intended to assist states in biodiversity preservationTied to “species in greatest need of conservation”These are species which have not traditionally received funding for managementIntended to avoid new listings of endangered species
5 How does the program work? Congress makes an annual appropriationThe funds are apportioned to each state based on a formulaStates had to commit to write a Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy by Oct. 2005Targeted toward “species of greatest conservation need”
6 How does the program work? (cont’d) The individual states apply for their apportionment annually from USFWSThe program pays for both species investigations and implementation projectsMatch required - 50%
7 Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy Mandated by congress to remain eligible for fundingSubmitted to USFWS for acceptance
8 Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy Structure Organized by major watersheds of the stateSpecies information analyzed by each watershedList species occurring in the basinList critical habitats of the basinPriority conservation actions in the basinInformation from other planning documents reviewed and included.
10 Fish Highlights Sturgeon American eel Longear sunfish Brook trout Anadromous speciesWinter flounderGilt darterThere are several fish species that present unique management challenges and decisions. Species such as alewife are considered invasive in some parts of the state, but are important forage species in decline in the marine district. Smelt are abundant in upstate streams but in decline in coastal areas. Past fishery management techniques have potentially altered the genetic composition of native brook trout populations. Recruitment failure in winter flounder may be partially attributed to climate change.
13 Amphibian and Reptile Highlights: SnakesSalamandersFrogs and toadsTurtlesHellbender
14 Invertebrate Highlights: MothsDragonflies and damselfliesMusselsChittenango ovate amber snail
15 Top Threats to Species of Greatest Conservation Need Statewide Habitat loss and fragmentationOnly 15% of state land area in public ownershipContaminant depositionAcidsMercuryNitrogen productsDegraded water quality & altered hydrology
16 Top Threats to Species of Greatest Conservation Need Statewide (cont’d) Invasive speciesChanging farm and forestry practicesDirect human-wildlife interactionsCollisionsPoachingUnregulated harvestClimate change
17 Outcomes – Conservation Recommendations Data CollectionPlanningManagement and RestorationLand ProtectionRegulatory and LegislativeInformation DisseminationIncentives and Disincentives
18 Outcomes – Policy and Practice Moving away from single species management.Integrating fish and wildlife management with environmental quality.Dealing with species metapopulationsIntegrating fish and wildlife disciplines through habitat management.
19 New Ways of Working Under SWG Addressing both natural resources and environmental quality issuesCreating stronger interdivisional relationshipsDivision of Fish, Wildlife and Marine ResourcesDivision of Lands and ForestsDivision of Water
20 NY’s SWG funding so far… Federal Fiscal YearNational TotalNY AllocationFFY 2001$50 M$2.33 MFFY 2002$85 M$3.73 MFFY 2003$65 M$2.78 MFFY 2004$70 M$2.95 MFFY 2005$69.12 M$2.94 MFFY 2006$68.5 M$2.90 MFFY 2001 funds were used for watershed planning activities.FFY 2002 & 2003 allocations were used to fund 45 different projects that we will highlight in the 2nd half of the presentation.FFY 2004 funds were allocated to pay for new watershed biologists for 3 years.FFY 2005 funds are allocated to the current Request For Applications due later this week.FFY 2006 money available to NY, but we have not yet applied.
21 New StaffFederal Fiscal Year 2004 funds were used to hire 9 ecologists within 11 major watersheds and 1 data coordinatorThis single year of funds will cover staff salaries for at least three yearsNew staff will implement the SWG program and the recommendations in the CWCS
22 New Biologists’ Duties Develop and write 5-year action plans in consultation with Watershed Team and Agency StaffRecruit Watershed Team membersAnnual watershed priority development for RFAWatershed project oversight/managementWatershed project implementationAnnual grant reportingCommunicate CWCS issues with Watershed Team, other DEC Divisions and programs in the regions
23 New Staff Jason Smith Lower Hudson – LI Bays & Atlantic Ocean Region 2 Office, Long Island CityGregg KenneyDelaware & Upper HudsonRegion 3 – New PaltzPaul NovakUpper HudsonRegion 4 – SchenectadyJoe RacetteLake ChamplainRegion 5 – RaybrookAngelena RossNE Lake OntarioRegion 6 – WatertownTom BellSusquehannaRegion 7 – CortlandAmy MaharSE Lake OntarioRegion 8 – AvonJenny LandrySW Lake OntarioVACANTLake Erie & AlleghenyRegion 9 – AlleganyCarl HerzogData ManagementCentral Office - Albany
24 NY ForestsForest cover has returned to 60% of the land area of New York concurrent with the decline of agriculture.Need active management of vegetative successionSustainable forest practices, in accordance with BMPs, improve forest health and resilienceHowever the structure of the forest is different due to the loss of American chestnut and American elm.Invasive species Hemlock wooly adelgid, Asian longhorn beetle, sirex woodwaspWe must work with private land owners in forest management in our state. NYFOA has already requested recommendations for private forest management for wildlife diversity.
25 72% of forest land in New York is privately owned.
26 NYFOA Contract Develop Materials and Website Publicize CWCS implementation needs to Forest OwnersLandowner visitsDatabaseMap of landowners and critical habitatsStrategic Plan