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The Use of Remote Sensing in Habitat Management for Wildlife Helen Holdsworth EES 5053 University of Texas at San Antonio December 2, 2006 www.hdw-inc.com.

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Presentation on theme: "The Use of Remote Sensing in Habitat Management for Wildlife Helen Holdsworth EES 5053 University of Texas at San Antonio December 2, 2006 www.hdw-inc.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Use of Remote Sensing in Habitat Management for Wildlife Helen Holdsworth EES 5053 University of Texas at San Antonio December 2, cache.britannica.com

2 Problem Statement Habitat fragmentation and urban encroachment are two of the major factors threatening wildlife species around the world. The ability to accurately assess habitat with remote sensing imagery should allow researchers to be more specific in their assessments and recommendations for habitat management.

3 Overview Introduction Methods Results Management Implications Conclusions fcit.usf.edu animals.timduru.org

4 Landscape Metrics Associated with Habitat Use by Ocelots in South Texas Hypothesis: Prefer large patches of closed canopy & avoid large patches of unsuitable habitat Location: Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge

5 Methods August 1991 Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery Aerial photos Digital orthophoto quadrangles Image from TNRIS

6 Methods Used supervised and unsupervised classification for better accuracy 4 land cover classes: Urban/barren Water Closed canopy Open canopy Image from published paper, Journal of Wildlife Management

7 Methods Landscape Metrics Number of patches Shape Patch size Edge Mean nearest neighbor

8 Results & Management Implications Closed canopy shows a great degree of fragmentation. Ocelots used the largest patches available. Decisions must consider size, shape, and edge. Consider conserving areas with smaller patches. Image from Google Earth

9 Landscape Models to Predict the Influence of Forest Structure on Tassel-Eared Squirrel Populations Question: Which characteristic best predicts squirrel density & recruitment? Location: Mogollon Plateau in northern Arizona Image from

10 Methods Data from Forest Ecosystem Restoration Analysis Ground measurements Digital orthophotos ETM imagery

11 Results & Management Implications Squirrel density best predicted by basel area Recruitment best predicted by canopy cover Remove smaller trees Leave larger patches with moderate-to-high canopy cover

12 Identifying Suitable Sites for Florida Panther Reintroduction Question: Which areas would be good for panther reintroduction? Location: Historic range of panther

13 Methods GIS map layers at 500 x 500 m 1992 National Land Cover Data

14 Results & Management Implications Identified 9 potential sites with the historic range Need field survey at local scale to verify Need remote inaccessible areas

15 Analysis of The Use of Remote Sensing 1991 Landsat Thematic Mapper Spatial resolution of 30 m on bands 1-5, 7 Spatial resolution of 120 m on band 6 No problems reported Ocelot Research

16 Analysis of The Use of Remote Sensing Enhance Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) Spatial resolution of 30 m on bands 1-5, 7 Spatial resolution of 120 m on band 6 Spatial resolution of 15 m on band 8 No problems reported Squirrel Research

17 Analysis of The Use of Remote Sensing GIS map layers at 500 x 500 m 1992 National Land Cover Data Could not incorporate fine scale characteristics Panther Research

18 Conclusions Many imagery tools available What you use depends on your resources Should see more research and recommendations based on remote imagery use Probably always need some ground-truthing fcit.usf.edu animals.timduru.org


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