Space Space or Territory requirements vary greatly among animals Mountain lion=up to 150 square miles House Wren=few as 150 square feet Effected by migration, immigration (in), emigration (out)
Arrangement Elements must be properly arranged for animal to use habitatElements must be properly arranged for animal to use habitat Proximity is the limiting factorProximity is the limiting factor Each species has it’s own measure for distances between elementsEach species has it’s own measure for distances between elements
Carrying Capacity Number of animals a habitat can support over a given period of time Not a constant number Changes as the condition of the habitat changes
How can we help?? Growing vegetationGrowing vegetation Provide structuresProvide structures Learn cover needsLearn cover needs Plant trees and shrubs of various sizes and speciesPlant trees and shrubs of various sizes and species Nest boxes for wood ducksNest boxes for wood ducks Conifer plantings for ruffed grouseConifer plantings for ruffed grouse
Can our help be harmful? Problems arise when we do not help properly Animals (deer) may become too dependant May encourage overpopulations
Alternative to feeding… Encourage growth of natural sources of food Plant trees –Wild apple trees Crops –Wild rice Plant crops that provide both food and shelter for animals and birds.
Summary Five elements of a quality wildlife habitat are: cover, food, water, space and arrangement Any one can be a limiting factor Each species requires different types and amounts of each element
References Instructional Materials Service book for AGSC 381 Pictures taken from: dgl.microsoft.com