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Methods that we use to investigate wildlife diseases Thierry M. Work US Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center Hawaii Field Station
Recruitment Immigration/emigration Mortality
Animal (host) Agent Environment
Clues Testimony Samples
Clues Investigaton of wildlife diseases is most effective when there is a collaboration between the biologist and the wildlife disease specialist Samples
Field Laboratory The two phases of an investigation
Observations of the scene Animal Time Place
Observations of the scene Animal Number Age/Sex Species
CLINICAL SIGNS: Abnormal Behavior or Appearance
Place Observations of the scene Extent of the mortality Particular characteristics
Place Observations of the scene Extent of mortality
Place Observations of the scene Particular characteristics
Observations of the scene Time Year 2 Year 3 year 1 Season SpringSummerFallWinter
Observations of the scene Causes of mortality Infectious Not infectious
Laboratory observations Infectious causes Fungus Viruses Parasites Bacteria
Laboratory observations Non-infectious Intoxication Trauma Physiologic
CRITICAL DATA 1)Date 2)Location 3)Species 4)Age 5)Sex 6)History
USE PENCIL OR INDELIBLE INK!
Health and Disease. Health: A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease.
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