Presentation on theme: "Corals: ‘canaries’ in coastal communities? Misaki Takabayashi, John Burns, Narrissa Spies, Makani Gregg, Patrick Yasukawa Marine Science Department / Tropical."— Presentation transcript:
Corals: ‘canaries’ in coastal communities? Misaki Takabayashi, John Burns, Narrissa Spies, Makani Gregg, Patrick Yasukawa Marine Science Department / Tropical Conservation Biology and Environmental Science University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo
Corals in context of ahupua‘a Most reefs in MHI are fringing = direct contact Corals are foundation species of reef ecosystem Intimate relationships with humans Sessile (stuck on seafloor) Holobiont in delicate balance Host with immune system
So, what does it mean when corals are not healthy?
Coral Diseases What coral diseases might indicate : “However, these studies should include comprehensive efforts to better understand the relationship between coral diseases and environmental changes, largely anthropogenic in nature, occurring on coral reefs around the world. These environmental insults are the cause of the physiological stress that subsequently leads to coral mortality and morbidity by many mechanisms including overwhelming infections by opportunistic pathogens.” (Lesser et al. 2007) When studying coral diseases : “A rigorous assessment of disease needs epizootiological data in order to have diagnostic utility. Analyzing disease morphology (gross and cellular), pathogenesis, etiology, and associated epizootiology allows for determination of the impacts a disease may have on an afflicted coral population. Considering the lack of characterization of many coral diseases to date there is a severe need to address these factors for any outbreak of lesions in coral populations.” (Burns, Rozet, Takabayashi, in review)
Coral (individual) How does disease affect Symbiodinium photosynthesis? coral reproduction? skeletal density? calcification gene expression? vulnerability to bleaching? Disease prevalence correlated with? terrigenous effluence? water flow? temperature? Water Quality Wiegner lab, UHH How do coral disease affect corallivores? abundance food preference Corallivores Turner lab, UHH Disease prevalence & severity affected by species? colony size/orientation? population structure? community structure? Corals (population, community)
Disease Characterization Morphological signs Impacts at the cellular level Temporal changes Type AType B
Assess Disease Threat How does the disease affect organismal function? What is the severity of the disease? Quantify impacts to the affected population
Identify Drivers of Resilience Linear Regression R 2 =74.8 p<0.01
Characterizing coral health on Hawaii Island
Project Aims To characterize and compare……….. 1.Population structure 2.Disease prevalence 3. Severity …………….between sites on Hawaii Island.