Presentation on theme: "JUMP TRAINING: IMPROVING POWER FOR PERFORMANCE AND INJURY PREVENTION JOHN PIPER, MA, CSCS, ACSM-HFI TOPPENISH SCHOOL DISTRICT John P. Piper. MA, CSCS,"— Presentation transcript:
JUMP TRAINING: IMPROVING POWER FOR PERFORMANCE AND INJURY PREVENTION JOHN PIPER, MA, CSCS, ACSM-HFI TOPPENISH SCHOOL DISTRICT John P. Piper. MA, CSCS, ACSM-HFI Performance Coach Toppenish School District
OBJECTIVES: Define Performance Training Why worry about increasing jumping ability? What part does assessment play in program design? What are the elements of developing a training plan for increased jumping ability?
WHAT IS PERFORMANCE TRAINING Injury-proof athletes Injury proof is probably not possible, but being proactive in our approach to prevent injuries will make a difference. Improve work capacity (athletic fitness) Athletic fitness level determines a player’s ability to have an impact in competition, so besides all the physical benefits, possessing superior fitness gives our athletes an edge in confidence and focus. Improve performance through athletic skill (vs. sports skill) Athleticism has many factors that contribute to proficiency. In the development process, no one component will determine success. Only a comprehensive approach will ensure consistent development. Help each athlete have the most positive HS experience possible. Most of our athletes will never play competitively beyond HS. Performance training gives us as coaches the opportunity to give each athlete one more tool to take with them into their adult lives.
INCREASED JUMPING ABILITY? WHY? Increased power production (power = speed + strength) Proactive injury prevention plan - force production and reduction (Injuries occur from improper body control and/or fatigue) Things to consider; Think…”why are we doing this?” Just making a young athlete more fit will increase sports specific jumping ability (but consider the critical periods of development) HS & MS athletes are not just mini-adults…train to their level (what about your primary school athletes?) Plan your progression…results take time Assess and assess and assess (daily, weekly, seasonally)
ASSESSMENT Vertical Jump and Horizontal Jump Female collegiate lacrosse/basketball… VJ – ” Female collegiate soccer VJ – 19.5” Male high school 5-star football recruits… VJ – LB OL DL = 24-32” VJ – DB RB QB = 29-33” HJ – LB OL DL = 8’2”-8’9” HJ – DB OL DL = 9’4-9’7” What we have found…after 12 weeks of training Frosh/Soph – 2-4” average increase Jr/Sr - ½” -2” average increase Male – 1-3” improvement Female – 1-2” improvement Assessing… Vertical Jump Horizontal Jump
MOVEMENT PREPARATION (WARM UP) Refer to progression in handout General Warm Up (increase HR, RR, Body Temp) Jump Rope Functional Warm Up (all the above + neuromuscular) Skips (front, side) Bounds Hops/jumps (Jumping Jacks) Specific Warm Up (movement patterns to be used for training or performance) P.A.S.S. Hips Hamstrings Hip flexors STRENGTH Hips Hamstrings Hip Flexor
CORE (STABILITY, MOBILITY, ENDURANCE) Powerful movement begins from the center (core) of the body Train movements, not muscles Athletic position – stand tall Brace = bow back + tight belly button Stability Mobility Planks Stability – planks, side planks, superman’s Mobility – planks w/ circles, side planks w/ hip raise, superman’s w/ flared arms/legs. Endurance (core endurance) Squats Stability – tall posture, tail down, knees over toes Mobility - progression Endurance (athletic position) Lunges Stability – tall posture, lead w/ heel, knee behind toes Mobility - shoulders square, chin high, toes forward Endurance (hip flexor)
PREHABILITATION Movement Patterns – what movement is most economical and efficient? …don’t need to “feel the burn”…need to feel the pattern…again and again and again. Repetition, repetition, repetition Don’t count reps…move efficiently – Don’t just move, move with a purpose Squats – great way to assess general movement patterns…fix them. Hip mobility – hip muscular activation is an issue Hip endurance – injuries don’t usually occur when the athlete is fresh…they occur when a movement pattern breaks down. Example: ACL
POWER DEVELOPMENT Progressive plan Strength Training Endurance, strength, power Strength lifts Power lifts Plyometric Training Jump technique Double leg jumps Single leg jumps
RECOVERY In order for an athlete to benefit from training, there needs to be a balance between training stress and recovery from training. – avoid soreness, malaise, feel relaxed Recovery System Nutrition – Energy, building blocks; best absorbed in “recovery window” Sleep – Androgens (HGH) release during sleep cycles Relaxation – time away from athletics and training (down time) Recovery practices – physiologic homeostasis; take control of recovery Relaxation/meditation Ice/Ice baths/Contrast showers Stretching /yoga Massage (Foam rolls, Various ball activities, PVC rollers) Examples of training logs in handout
SUMMARY Assessment Movement Prep Core mobility and stability Prehabilitation Power development (endurance, strength, power) Recovery
CONTACT INFORMATION John P. Piper Toppenish High School 141 Ward Road Toppenish, Washington (Office) (Cell)