2Essential Questions Circuit Training How does circuit training increase cardiovascular endurance?How does circuit training increase muscular strength and endurance?How can circuit training or lifting weights help you with lifelong health?
3WHAT IS CIRCUIT TRAINING? High-intensity aerobics is a form of body conditioning or resistance training. It is easy to follow and targets strength building as well as muscular endurance. An exercise "circuit" is one completion of all prescribed exercises in the program. When one circuit is complete, one begins the first exercise again for the next circuit. Traditionally, the time between exercises in circuit training is short, often with rapid movement to the next exercise.
4HISTORYCircuit training is an evolving training exercise program developed by R.E. Morgan and G.T. Anderson in 1953 at the University of Leeds in EnglandMorgan and Anderson’s original circuit format included 9 to 12 stations. Today, this number varies according to the design of the circuit.Studies at Baylor University and The Cooper Institute show that circuit training is the most time efficient way to enhance cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance. Studies show that circuit training helps women to achieve their goals and maintain them longer than other forms of exercise or diet.
5WHY CIRCUIT TRAINING?An effective means of improving strength endurance (or muscular endurance).May be easily structured to provide a whole body workout.May not require expensive gym equipment.Participants normally work in small groups, allowing beginners to be guided by more experienced individuals, as well as benefiting from the supervision of the instructor.Can be adapted for any size workout area.Can be customized for specificity; easy to adapt to your sport.Has the potential to burn more calories than conventional aerobic exercise or strength training, both during and post-workout (increase in post workout metabolism), thus beneficial for those attempting to lose body fat.
6HOW IS CIRCUIT TRAINING PERFORMED? The program may be performed with exercise machines, hydraulic equipment, hand held weights, sandbells, resistance bands, core balls, jump ropes or any combination of them all. Most often a 15- second to three-minute aerobics station is placed between each station, to improve cardio-respiratory and muscle endurance during the workout.
7TYPES OF CIRCUITSThe circuits comprising a circuit training session should focus on the upper body, lower body, core and trunk, and total body. To achieve muscle balance, try to pick exercises that work on muscles within each of those categories. Most circuit training programs consist of strength training exercises, but cardiovascular exercises such as jump rope or jogging in place can be incorporated into your program to help build endurance. To ensure safety, be mindful of your heart rate as you complete these exercises
8Sample Circuit Warm Up Bicep Curl Agility Drill Lateral Raise Resistance BandsSandbell ShuttleSB SlamFront raiseCool Down
9SAFETY Wear appropriate clothing and shoes Warm Up/Cool Down Warming up should be a part of any exercise routine, a proper warm-up is particularly important when circuit training. This is because your routine is fast-paced and your muscles are immediately put to the test. To warm up properly, walk, jog or do your dynamic warm up routine for five minutes to prepare your muscles to work hard. At the close of your routine, it is equally important to do series of slow stretches to prevent injury, bring your heart rate down and let your muscles relax after an intense workout!Start SmallTake caution before trying too much too soon. It is best to start with no weight to very light weights. If at any time your heart rate becomes too elevated to carry on a conversation, slow down by walking around the gym.Pay Attention to FormPerforming exercises repeatedly can cause you to become lax in practicing good form. Even when going at a fast pace, you should concentrate on your breathing, proper posture and using your muscles to control your weights at all times.Secure Weights and EquipmentWhen circuit training, you are frequently dropping one set of weights or an exercise ball to move on to your next station. Equipment can can roll onto a fellow exerciser or your foot or hands. Before moving to your next station, ensure your equipment is secured.
10SAFETY FIRST Warm up First Start Small Use Proper Form Secure Weights Cool Down Properly
11SAMPLE WARM UP EXERCISES Students in wheelchairs can do a modified version of each Walking warm upHigh KneesHigh KicksSide SlidersAir Boxing
12EQUIPMENT Agility Ladder Weighted bar Resistance Bands Sandbells Light Hand Weights
13Additional Circuit Training Equipment You May Have Access To and Incorporate In The Workout May Include:Core BallsBalance EquipmentWeighted BallsJump RopesLow HurdlesHop Sports VideosYoga Mats
17AGILITY LADDER CIRCUIT Move forward, backwards, sideways, hop, balance, quick step, high knees or movement of choice. Can use tape, hula hoops cones or floor lines if ladder is not available Students in wheelchair can tap an object such as a bat or tennis racket in each square or hoop or weave through cones.
18LIGHT HAND WEIGHT CIRCUIT Bicep Curl Lateral Raise Front Raise
19RESISTANCE BANDS CIRCUIT Horizontal Chest Press w/Exercise Band1. Lie back w/ band under shoulders2. Grip band with hands3. Press arms forward4. Slowly returnBicep Curl w Exercise Band1. Stand on one end of band2. Grip other end of band3. Elbow on hip or close to body4. Curl arm5. Keep wrist straight
20SANDBELL CIRCUITS Overhead Slam Stand in ready position with SB at chest height.Begin the movement by pressing the SB above your head.Accelerate the SB downwards in a “slamming” motion.Make sure to squat down at the finish of the movement, NOT bending.Pick up and start over.Granny Toss/Frog TossStand in ready position with SB in hands below your waist.Begin movement by squatting and letting the SB go between the legs.Accelerate the weight up and out towards a target in front of you (a partner or a solid wall).Gather and repeat.Lateral TossStand in ready position with SB at waist level.Begin movement by shifting your body/SB one direction (loading your muscles).Underhand toss the SB to the opposite direction as forcefully as possible.Accelerate the SB and follow through with your arms reaching in the direction you are throwing in.
24SANDBELL TOSS AND CHASE CIRCUIT Toss N’ ChaseStand in ready position with SB at chest level.Choose a finish line for the student to work towards that is a desired distance away.Begin the movement by throwing the SB from chest level straight out in front of you.Sprint quickly to pick it up and repeat the same throw.Repeat for desired distance.Great exercise for power combined with conditioning.
25SANDBELL SHUTTLE DRILL CIRCUIT Place two sandbells on the floor, on the signal, “Go,“ student picks up first sanbell and runs to the designated spot on the other end and drops the sandbell. The student returns to get the second sandbell and repeats. This can also be done in pairs. Students in wheelchairs can have another student hand the SB to them and either wheel themselves or have a teacher assist to other end where they can place the SB and repeat
26If equipment is available WEIGHTED BAR CIRCUITTeacher AssistIf equipment is availableRow the Boat Teacher Assist Forward and Backward
28WHAT CIRCUIT IS THIS? Light Hand Weight Circuit Sandbell Circuit Resistance Band CircuitCardiovascular Endurance Circuit
29WHAT EQUIPMENT IS THIS? Sandbell Agility Ladder Weighted Bar Resistance BandsAgility LadderWeighted BarLight Hand Weights
30WHY SHOULD I CIRCUIT TRAIN? Circuit training is good for my cardiovascular healthCircuit training helps keep my muscles and joints flexible and strongCircuit training keeps me at a healthy weight
31HOW WILL CIRCUIT TRAINING BENEFIT ME IN MY LIFE? Circuit Training keeps me at a healthy weightCircuit Training keeps me awake and alert and ready to learnCircuit training is a great workout with friends and family