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A core Course on Modeling Introduction to Modeling 0LAB0 0LBB0 0LCB0 0LDB0 S.3.

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Presentation on theme: "A core Course on Modeling Introduction to Modeling 0LAB0 0LBB0 0LCB0 0LDB0 S.3."— Presentation transcript:

1 A core Course on Modeling Introduction to Modeling 0LAB0 0LBB0 0LCB0 0LDB0 S.3

2 2 Three questions help to find the purpose of a model the purpose of a model

3 3 Question1: Is there something to choose? If so, what?

4 4 Question2: Do we need numerical output? If so, what do these numbers mean?

5 5 Question3: Should the model yield knowledge or value? What knowledge, or what value?

6

7 Summary: Is there something to be chosen? If so, what? Is there something to be chosen? If so, what? Should there be a numerical outcome? If so, what? Should there be a numerical outcome? If so, what? Should the model yield value or knowledge? What value or knowledge? Should the model yield value or knowledge? What value or knowledge?

8 choose?output numbers? value / knowledge ? purposes yes knowledgepredict (2) yes valueoptimize yesnoknowledgeanalyse, explore yesnovaluedecide, specify noyesknowledgepredict (1), compress noyesvalue no knowledgeexplain, abstract, unify, verify, communicate, train no valuecontrol

9 1.Why does a yoyo... … climb the rope? … climb the rope? … go down slower than with 9.8 m/s 2 ? … go down slower than with 9.8 m/s 2 ? … attract so much fans? … attract so much fans? Explanation: why is something as it is? Examples

10 1.Why does a yoyo... … climb the rope? … climb the rope? … go down slower than with 9.8 m/s 2 ? … go down slower than with 9.8 m/s 2 ? … attract so much fans? … attract so much fans? Explanation: why is something as it is? Examples

11 2. When will the yoyo... … reach its highest point? … reach its highest point? … stop yoyoing? … stop yoyoing? … get out of fashion? … get out of fashion? Prediction (1): at what time will X happen? Examples

12 3. What will happen if... … I pull up the yoyo rope later? … I pull up the yoyo rope later? … the diameter of the yoyo increases? … the diameter of the yoyo increases? … a new toy comes to the market? … a new toy comes to the market? Prediction (2): what will happen if X? Examples

13 4. How can I organize data? r 1 (cm)r 2 (cm)m(kg)a(m/s 2 ) 2.5  0.15     0.18         0.26         0.11     0.24    r2r2 r1r1 Examples

14 4. How can I organize data? r 1 (cm)r 2 (cm)m(kg)a(m/s 2 ) r 2 /r  0.15     0.18         0.26         0.11     0.24    Examples

15 4. How can I organize data? a(m/s 2 ) r 2 /r        Compression: how to compactly represent data? how to compactly represent data? r 2 /r 1 a (m/s 2 ) a = 2g / (2+r 2 2 /r 1 2 ) Examples

16 5. Focus on what is important: Is the shape important? Is the shape important? Is the rope quality important? Is the rope quality important? Is the brand important for the nr. sold yoyo’s? Is the brand important for the nr. sold yoyo’s? Abstraction: restrict to essentials Examples

17 6. Relate similar things: How does a yoyo resemble a bouncing ball? How does a yoyo resemble a bouncing ball? How does a yoyo resemble a hula hoop? How does a yoyo resemble a hula hoop? How does a yoyo hype resemble any other hype? How does a yoyo hype resemble any other hype? Unification: find commonalities among different things Examples

18 7. Investigate the changing force in the rope... the changing force in the rope... the importance of friction... the importance of friction... how yoyo-popularity varies with the season... how yoyo-popularity varies with the season Analysis: seek relations within the modeled system Examples

19 7. Investigate the changing force in the rope... the changing force in the rope... the importance of friction... the importance of friction... how yoyo-popularity varies with the season... how yoyo-popularity varies with the season Analysis: seek relations within the modeled system Examples

20 8. Verify that the rope will be strong enough... that the rope will be strong enough... that energy is conserved... that energy is conserved... that marketing laws apply to yoyo sales... that marketing laws apply to yoyo sales Verification: ascertain the truth of something Examples

21 9. Inform people how a yoyo works... how a yoyo works... how to set up yoyo experiments... how to set up yoyo experiments... how yoyo hype spreads... how yoyo hype spreads Communication: give comprehensible information Examples

22 10. What options exist for shapes of yoyo’s... shapes of yoyo’s... tricks with yoyo’s... tricks with yoyo’s... marketing strategies to spawn hypes... marketing strategies to spawn hypes Exploration: make inventory of options Examples

23 11. How to decide what diameters to make yoyo fall slower than... m/s 2... what diameters to make yoyo fall slower than... m/s 2... what mass to have a stable yoyo... what mass to have a stable yoyo... what marketing price to get turnover better than X... what marketing price to get turnover better than X Decision: what intervention needed to achieve goal Examples

24 12. How to optimize diameters to have yoyo rise as far as possible... diameters to have yoyo rise as far as possible... mass to have yoyo as stable as possible... mass to have yoyo as stable as possible... marketing price to get turnover as large as possible... marketing price to get turnover as large as possible Optimization: what intervention give maximal result Examples

25 13. How to instruct manufacturer to assemble a yoyo... manufacturer to assemble a yoyo... yoyo kid to perform trick X... yoyo kid to perform trick X... shop owner to put yoyo’s on display... shop owner to put yoyo’s on display Specification: ensure something will be as it should Examples

26 14. How to have a robot operate a yoyo... have a robot operate a yoyo... have an intelligent yoyo stabilize itself... have an intelligent yoyo stabilize itself... have shop order yoyo’s dependent on market demand... have shop order yoyo’s dependent on market demand Control: adapting behavior to circumstances Examples

27 15. How to have a yoyo simulator help learning tricks... have a yoyo simulator help learning tricks... have a hype simulator train sales people... have a hype simulator train sales people Train: familarize trainees with a system Examples

28 purposechoose?output numbers?value / knowledge ? explainno knowledge predict (1)noyesknowledge predict (2)yes knowledge compressnoyesknowledge abstract, unifyno knowledge analyseyesnoknowledge verifyno knowledge communicate, trainno knowledge exploreyesnoknowledge decideyesnovalue optimizeyes value specifyyesnovalue controlNonovalue


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