Presentation on theme: "2 Reliance Industries began operations in the year 2001 by patenting a revolutionary new technology for the design of horizontal lifeline systems that."— Presentation transcript:
2 Reliance Industries began operations in the year 2001 by patenting a revolutionary new technology for the design of horizontal lifeline systems that allowed the reduction of fall height requirements without increased end-loadings. These Tuned- Cable™ horizontal lifelines are one of those “it can’t be done” innovations that suddenly seem simple once you understand how they work. The lifelines were followed by unique anchorages, the concrete embed system with remote connection, beam clamps and trolleys, and other engineered products.
Facilities Overview Deer Park, TX Corporate Headquarters Soft Goods Manufacturing Product Assembly ANSI Compliant Testing Facility Fall Protection Training Center Denver, CO Engineering & Product Development Hard Goods Manufacturing
Testing Facilities and Capabilities Indoor and outdoor capabilities ANSI compliant and certified test towers Certified equipment to perform dynamic and static tests necessary for all applicable standards compliance Quantified test results readily available Products are tested not only to meet standards, but to reach far beyond their scope in creating “Higher Standards” Tensile testing up to 20,000 lbs. (88.8 kN) Drop towers that capture data via Dasylab™ software, which translates the results to spread sheets and graphs Analysis of areas where efficiencies may be gained and incorporated into product designs
Training Facilities and Capabilities Our state-of-the-art Training facilities teach students : Increased awareness about the hazards of falling from heights The ability to identify fall protection hazards An understanding of the risks of at-height work How to develop inspection procedures & programs How to implement procedures to mitigate fall protection hazards Reliance also offers : A monthly training program for Competent Inspectors of Fall Protection Equipment Quarterly courses for Fall Protection Competent Persons Coming soon – online training capabilities
Full Line Product Overview Full Body Harnesses Snaphooks & Carabiners Positioning Devices Self Retracting Lifelines Shock Absorbing Lanyards Vertical Systems Anchorage Devices Guardrails & Overhead Rails Horizontal Lifeline Systems Confined Space & Rescue
Snaphooks & Carabiners Reliance leads the way in snaphook design, development, production, and implementation Design and manufacture our own snaphooks and carabiners Have exceeded the new ANSI requirements for a 3,600 lb. (16kN)gate for over five years All Reliance snaphooks are 100% proof- loaded to 3,600 lbs. and incorporate our patented FanGate™ design FanGate™ design ensures proper axial loading and prevents webbing and hardware from being trapped behind the gate Design prevents gate loading, and guards against potential rollout or burstout Dimensional design of the hook body makes false engagement impossible All Reliance snaphooks meet the new ANSI standard 3/4" to 2-1/4" opening snaphooks.8" to 2" opening carabiners Ergonomically Friendly Gate ‘Wings’ Protect Rivets Anti-Rollout Feature Patented FanGate™ Alloy Steel Forged Bodies
Skyloc™ Self Retracting Lifelines Lightweight thermoplastic case Two fast and positive cam-driven locking pawls Available with cable or polyester web Forged steel Pelican hook Heavy-duty zinc plated full steel case Three cam-driven locking pawls Brass and stainless-steel brake Galvanized or Stainless aircraft cable Forged steel Pelican hook with load indicating swivel Stainless Steel Self Retracting Lifeline Up to 130’ stainless steel wire rope Stainless steel swivel snaphook Stainless steel Power retraction spring Three cam driven locking pawls 303 stainless steel SRL housing Manufactured entirely of non- corrosive metals and composites Compact size Zinc plated full steel case Three cam-driven locking pawls Brass and stainless-steel brake 1” Dyneema Webbing for abrasion resistance Variety of hook types available
13 Fall Prevention and Protection Training Competent Person for Equipment Inspection Formal Inspection Principles
How often are Competent Inspections Required? Who performs these inspections? Are we required to document them? Why? What do we do with damaged equipment? Formal Inspection 14
Pre-use Inspection vs. Competent Inspection 15 Pre-use Inspections are required to provide equipment users a first hand level of inspection. Competent Inspections are required and are a more detailed review of the equipment by someone other than the user. Why have two levels of Inspection?
OSHA vs. ANSI vs. MANUFACTURER 16 OSHA sets the minimum “mandatory” requirements as required by federal law for fall protection systems ANSI Z359 is a “voluntary” consensus standard that sets guidelines of best practice for manufacturers and end users of fall protection systems Manufacturers ultimately set the required criteria for their fall protection systems, providing requirements greater than or equal to that of the OSHA standards
17 Formal Inspection – What do we inspect for? Signs of wear Cut or frayed edges Dented or Cracked Housings Chemical exposure Burns Broken stitches Distorted snap hooks Deployed load indicator
19 Formal Inspection – Forms or Logs Inspector Date of Inspection Product Model Number Product Serial Number Product Date of Manufacture Disposition of Product- Usable/Unusable? Inspection Points
20 Formal Inspection – Forms or Logs
21 Fabric Parts: Stitching Naturally, textile products are assembled together and terminated with thread using designed sew patterns. These patterns and the stitching itself provide a vital function to the integrity of the products. Determining stitching failure can be a tricky task for inspectors. Identifying broken, buried, or missing stitches requires an understanding of how patterns are sewn and completed. Any pulled, broken, missing, or unraveling stitches in a load bearing pattern constitute a failure. Harnesses, Lanyards, and SRL’s may feature load indicating stitches. Broken stitches in these areas shall require the equipment be removed from service. Formal Inspection
22 Metallic Parts: Snap hooks are mechanical devices and shall be inspected by manually opening the gate and allowing it to spring back to the closed position. Pay close attention to the snap hook gates functionality. Any binding, shall constitute a failure. Inspect the snap hook body for deformation, cracks, corrosion, or the appearance of red rust. Formal Inspection
Check Function Check cable extraction by pulling out cable Check Cable Retraction Check Locking Function 24 SRL Self Retracting Lanyard – Formal Inspection
Check Housing Check Labels Check all Nuts and Bolts (with fingers) Check Security Rivets stamped with “R” Not all units have security rivets Check Paint Seal Not all units have Paint Seal Check Housing for Damage or Corrosion Check Cable/Web Collar 25 SRL Self Retracting Lanyard – Formal Inspection
Check Cable Fittings / Webbing Stitching Cable Units Check Metal Sleeves and Thimble Web Units Check Stitch pattern 28 SRL Self Retracting Lanyard – Formal Inspection
Cable inspection 29 Wear gloves when inspecting wire rope to prevent cuts and slivers when running hands over the wire rope. While inspecting the line, keep it from contact with heavily soiled surfaces and coil it loosely to prevent kinking. Check carefully for each of the conditions described below. Refer to the illustrations to get the basic terminology concerning wire rope inspection. In SRL’s, we inspect the casing (labels in place and OK); snaphook and load indicator are OK; housing OK; and the functionality of the cable – does it move smoothly and evenly? The entire cable must be pulled out and inspected for broken wires. 3 or more wires in any6 or more wires in all strands in one lay If there are any broken strands or wires within 1” of the ferrule, then the SRL must be taken out of service. If you have 3 or more wires in any one strand in any one lay, OR, 6 or more wires in all strands in one lay, are broken – it must be taken out of service.
How to Remove Broken Wires 30 This slide shows how to remove a broken wire. Flex the wire as you inspect it to reveal hidden breaks in the wires. Broken wires should be bent back and forth in the direction of the lay to break them off inside the strand of which they are a part, as shown above. Do not tug on broken wires. This will leave jagged ends and can cause internal damage. Examples of PPE Failures
31 Changes in diameter include both bulges and reductions in diameter of the wire rope. This is an indication of serious internal damage. Remove the product from use if diameter varies by more than 0.05 inches (1.3mm) in one area. Kinks are formed by permitting slack to build up in the wire rope. Bends are evidence of kinks previously formed, and can also be formed by drawing wire rope over sharp edges. Kinks and bends are both serious forms of damage which require that the device be removed from use. Bird caging and unlaying of wire rope are indicated by gaps, loops or clearance between strands and among wires in a strand. Remove the device from use if these are found. Examples of PPE Failures
Flexing a rope can often expose broken wires hidden in valleys between strands 32
Results of Abuse Kinks are tightened loops with permanent strand distortion that results from improper handling when a rope is being installed or uncoiled. A kink happens when a loop is permitted to form and then is pulled down tight, causing permanent distortion of the strands. THIS ENTIRE ROPE MUST BE TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE OR SHORTNED AND SEIZED Examples of PPE Failures 33
Examples of PPE Failures 34
Wavy rope occurs : when one or more strands are misaligned with the rope body. This may not necessarily result in loss of strength, this condition may accelerate rope deterioration. Ropes must be removed from service when the height of the ware (d1) measures : More than 33% of the nominal rope diameter above the nominal rope diameter above the nominal rope diameter in sections not bending around a radius. Or more than 10% of the nominal rope diameter above the nominal rope diameter in sections bending around a radius such as a thimble, sheath, or drum. Examples of PPE Failures 35
ANSI Z : Surface Finish of Hardware The finish of all hardware shall be clean and free of scale, rust, and deposits of foreign matter. All hardware shall be capable of withstanding a minimum salt spray test of 48 hours when tested in accordance with reference The presence of red rust, visible to the unaided eye, or other evidence of corrosion of the base metal shall constitute failure of the salt spray test. Post-test presence of white scale on hardware surfaces is permitted. Surfaces which may come in contact with tearable materials shall be free of burrs, pits, sharp edges or rough surfaces. Rusted Product 36
37 Snap Hooks Rusted Product
38 Snap Hooks Rusted Product
39 Snap Hooks Rusted Product
Danger! Gate is jammed and doesn’t close on it’s own! 40 Broken Snap Hooks
41 Verify Swage of Cable Terminations
1.Remove from service. 2.Document the serial #, date, and model of the product that is in question. 3.Send SRL back to an authorized recertification center for repair or replacement. 42 What Do You Do With Damaged SRL’s?
Swing Fall: is a pendulum type fall that can occur when the anchorage is not located directly above the worker’s head. Although a swing fall is not hazardous in itself, the hazard exists if during the swing the worker comes into contact with an obstruction. The injury that may occur from a swing fall can be just as serious as falling the same distance straight to the ground.