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Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: 28-02.01 – 28-02.03 6Hrs received.

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Presentation on theme: "Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: 28-02.01 – 28-02.03 6Hrs received."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intermediate SFFMA Objectives: – Hrs received

2 SFFMA Objectives Trainee, given the proper rope, shall demonstrate the bight, loop, round turn, and half hitch as used in tying knots and hitches Trainee shall demonstrate the technique of inspection, cleaning, maintaining, storage, safety procedures, and reasons for placing a rope out of service Trainee, using an approved knot, shall hoist any selected forcible entry tool, ground ladder, or appliance to a height of at least 20': A. a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch dry hose with nozzle attached B. a 2½ inch or 3 inch dry hose with nozzle attached C. a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch charged hose D. an axe E. a 6' or 8' pike pole F. a single 14' or 16' (wall) ladder G. a 10' collapsible ladder H. a 14' combination ladder I. working as a member of a team, a 24' extension ladder J. a 15 lb. CO2 fire extinguisher K. a 20 lb. dry chemical fire extinguisher L. an electric smoke ejector M. a pair of bolt cutters

3 Knot Characteristics To be suitable for rescue, must be easy to tie and untie, be secure under load, reduce rope’s strength minimally Rope’s strength reduced whenever bent Bight, loop, round turn — Bends in rope Knots, hitches formed by combining bending elements Firefighter I7–3

4 Knot Elements Bight — Formed by bending rope back on itself while keeping sides parallel Firefighter I7–4 (Continued)

5 Knot Elements Loop — Made by crossing side of bight over standing part Firefighter I7–5 (Continued)

6 Knot Elements Round turn — Consists of further bending one side of loop Firefighter I7–6

7 Commonly Used Knots Half-hitch Particularly useful in stabilizing tall objects being hoisted; always used with another knot or hitch Formed by making round turn around object Several can be applied in succession if required Firefighter I7–7 (Continued)

8 Removing Life-Safety Rope From Service Life-safety rope that fails to pass inspection or has been impact loaded should be destroyed immediately Destroy = Altered in such a manner that it cannot be mistaken for life-safety rope Firefighter I7–8 (Continued)

9 Removing Life-Safety Rope From Service Rope subjected to impact loading must have entry made in log because there is no way to determine by inspection if it has been impact loaded Firefighter I7–9

10 General Rope Maintenance Guidelines Inspect all types after each use Unused should be inspected at least annually Inspect visually and by touch Inspect for foreign objects; if found, take out of service All inspections documented in log Firefighter I7–10

11 Types of Rope — Maintenance Kernmantle rope Laid rope Braided rope Braid-on-braid rope Firefighter I7–11

12 Maintaining Rope Log When rescue rope is purchased, it must be permanently identified Record must be started and kept throughout rope’s working life Firefighter I7–12

13 Cleaning Rope Methods vary by manufacturer; contact for specific instructions Natural fibers Synthetic fibers Firefighter I7–13

14 General Rope Storage Considerations Can be stored in coils or rope bags Should be stored in clean, dry spaces with adequate ventilation Not exposed to chemical contaminants Not stored in same space with gasoline-powered tools, spare fuel Firefighter I7–14 (Continued)

15 Bagging Rope Best method for life-safety rope is to place in storage bag Bag makes rope easy to transport, protects rope from contamination Advantage of storing synthetic rope in bag is that rope can be deployed quickly Firefighter I7–15 (Continued)

16 Bagging Rope Weight of the rope inside bag carries it toward target and rope pays out as bag travels through air Bag may have drawstring and shoulder straps for ease in carrying Firefighter I7–16

17 Coiling/Uncoiling Rope Coiling necessary so rope may be placed into service with minimum delay important in fire service Improperly coiled rope may become tangled and fail to uncoil Firefighter I7–17

18 Using Rope for Hoisting One of most common uses of rope in fire service — Raise or lower tools and pieces of equipment from one elevation to another Firefighter I7–18 (Continued)

19 Using Rope for Hoisting Thorough knowledge of knots, hitches makes this a safe, efficient practice Anything with closed-type D-ring handle can be raised, lowered with bowline or figure-eight bend Hoisting pressurized cylinders not recommended Firefighter I7–19 (Continued)

20 Using Rope for Hoisting Using proper knots, securing procedures helps prevent dropping of equipment Separate guideline may be tied to any of these pieces of equipment; objects may also be tied in center of rope Firefighter I7–20

21 Hoisting Safety — General Have solid footing, make necessary preparations beforehand Use hand-over-hand method Use edge roller or padding Work in teams Firefighter I7–21 (Continued)

22 Hoisting Safety — General Look to ensure all personnel clear of hoisting area Avoid hoisting operations near electrical hazards Secure nozzles of charged hoselines Use guideline to help control object being hoisted Firefighter I7–22

23 Hoisting Safety Hoisting Axe Pike pole Ladder Hoselines Portable fans Power saw Firefighter I7–23

24 Practical Exercise Instructor will choose separate items for each firefighter Firefighter using an approved knot, shall hoist any selected forcible entry tool, ground ladder, or appliance to a height of at least 20': a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch dry hose with nozzle attached a 2½ inch or 3 inch dry hose with nozzle attached a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch charged hose an axe a 6' or 8' pike pole a single 14' or 16' (wall) ladder a 15 lb. CO2 fire extinguisher a pair of bolt cutters


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