3SCOPE : Introduction to the types of rope Maintenance of a rope Parts of a ropeMethods of tying knots
42 main rope types commonly used : NATURAL FIBRE ROPES :Examples: Hemp, Manila, cottonLimitations : Rot easily in humidconditions* Strength of such ropes arelimited due to the fact thatnatural fibers are short.
5SYNTHETIC FIBRE ROPES : Examples : Nylon , PolyesterStronger and lighter than natural fibersof the same size .Will not rot so easily as they absorbless water.Limitations: Ropes are smoother andKnots may easily be undoneSensitive to overheatingCan cause rope burn
8NYLON ROPES : Have great elasticity compared to synthetic ropes. Good for absorbing shock loadsNot suitable for tying some of the rope obstaclesbecause the occurrence of friction during tyingthat produces heat and reduces the rope’s strengthEasy to handle, good for instructional use on tyingof knots for hands-on session
9POLYESTER ROPES : Have less ability to stretch. Good for heavy stress. Used in activities where minimal stretch is requiredLike the tying of sails for boats and mooring linesEasy to handleResistant to ultraviolet light. Water resistant thus will not rot so easily.
10Deterioration : All ropes deteriorate with wear and some deteriorate under the influence of weather or chemicals.Natural fibre ropes, for example, are very susceptible to rot while wire and synthetic ropes are not.However, galvanized wired ropes can rust while synthetic ropes can be seriously affected by heat or sunlight.Chemicals such as acid attack most materials and damage from abrasion is one of the most common causes of deterioration in any ropes.
11Prevention :Keep all ropes away from the ultraviolet light and sun as much as possibleStore all ropes in a well ventilated roomAll ropes should be dried and cleaned before storageKeep all ropes away from chemicalsNeed to maintain care of ropes
13POINTS TO REMEMBER :A rope that has twice the diameter of another has four times it’s strengthNever use two ropes of different materials together as only the more rigid rope will work under the strainDo not use ropes that will float for anchorage in ports as they would be severed by the propellers of a boatRepair frayed ends immediately
147 BASIC KNOTS : Thumb Knot Figure of Eight Reef Knot Fisherman’s Knot Sheet BendBowlineClove Hitch
16THUMB KNOT It is used as a simple stopper knot Preventing a rope from running through a block
17FIGURE OF EIGHT KNOT Preventing a rope running through a block. Commonly used for the sheets of a sailing boat
18Used to join 2 ropes of the same thickness together REEF KNOTUsed to join 2 ropes of the same thickness together
19Used to join 2 slippery ropes of the same thickness together FISHERMAN'S KNOTUsed to join 2 slippery ropes of the same thickness together
20SHEET BENDUsed to join 2 ropes of different thickness together
21BOWLINEUsed to tie a loop that is fixed for rescue purposes
22CLOVE HITCHUsed for securing a rope to round objects
23TENT GUY LOOP : Used to secure the tent to the supporting pegs in the ground.One end of the rope is secured via a bowline to theSleeve ring of the tent.Another end of the rope goes beneath the hook of thepeg .Make a slip knot ( bootlace tie method ) with the ropeend in your left hand
24TENT GUY LOOP :Insert the other end of the rope into the slip knot andpull it down.After pulling, curl this end of the rope around the hookof the peg again.Tie 2 half Hitches round the pegs (Refer to finaldiagram)
25COMBINED PRACTICAL : Challenge: Recall all knots and tie in the rope provided.
26CONCLUSION : Knots are essential in Campcraft It is also needed to pitch tents during campsWith these skills, you will be able to apply them in camps and making gadgets such as rafts