2Objectives (1 of 4)Identify the need for rope rescue equipment and the application of rope rescue skills at a rescue operation.Recognize and identify fall hazards and other hazards commonly found at rope rescue incidents.
3Objectives (2 of 4)Identify various types of rescue incidents that require rope rescue equipment and rope rescue skills.Describe the rope rescue resources needed to conduct various search and rescue operations.
4Objectives (3 of 4)Describe response planning and incident management requirements related to a search and rescue incident that requires rope rescue teams.
5Objectives (4 of 4)Describe site control operations at a high-angle rescue incident.Describe non-entry rescue considerations at a high-angle rescue incident.
6Rope Rescue IncidentsInvolve victims trapped or injured in normally inaccessible locationsMountainsideOutside high-rise building
7Awareness Level Responsibilities Knowing different elements involved in technical rope rescueIsolating the incidentProtecting victim from further harmRecognizing need for and summoning specialized rescue resources
8Low-Angle Rope Rescue (1 of 2) Slope of ground over which rescuers are working less than 45 degreesGround provides rescuers primary support.Rope system provides secondary means of support.Type of ground surface may complicate
10High-Angle Rope Rescue (1 of 3) Slope of surface over which rescuers working exceeds 45 degreesRope system is primary load-carrying support system.Rope supports rescuers’ load.Rope may be entire load-carrying support system.
11High-Angle Rope Rescue (2 of 3) May require different types of equipment depending on situationVictims may be suffering life-threatening illness or traumatic injury.
12High-Angle Rope Rescue (3 of 3) Courtesy of Robert Rhea
13Fall Protection Has Two Meanings 1. System of rope hardware and software used to protect workers from falling from elevated position2. Equipment to which workers are attached while working at elevations or near fall hazard; equipment meant to capture them should they fall
14Rope Rescue SystemConstructed system consisting of rope rescue equipment and appropriate anchor system intended for use in rescue of subjectUse requires rescue teams or individuals trained to use equipment
15Rope Rescue at Construction Site Victims may be in variety of locations.Responders must use personal protective equipment.Numerous and varied hazards.Examples: fall hazards, falling materials or debris, unstable footing, excessive noise
16Rope Rescue in Industrial Settings May require rope rescue mechanical advantage systemsRequire responders to use personal protective equipmentContain numerous and varied hazards:Examples: exposure hazardous materials, confined spaces, machinery entrapment, noise
17Mechanical Advantage Systems (1 of 2) Require descent and control techniques to move victimsCreate leverage force through use of levers, pulleys, gearing:Mechanical advantage expressed as ratio of output force to input force
18Mechanical Advantage Systems (2 of 2) Courtesy of Robert Womer/Rock-N-Rescue
19Rope Rescue in Rural Setting (1 of 2) May include recreational climbers who have fallen down cliffs, hills, rock facesMay require entry into caves or minesNecessitates trained, specialized rescue teams to build and operate rope rescue systems
27Equipment Safety Standards NFPA 1983, Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency ServicesProtect all rope rescue equipment from damage during storage, training, and rescue operations.Inspect regularlyRemove damaged equipment from service.
28Examples of Specialized Equipment (1 of 2) Portable anchor devices:Tripods, bipods, Larkin FramesA-frame devicesArizona VortexEdge protection
29Examples of Specialized Equipment (2 of 2) Courtesy of Spelean Pty Ltd, Artarmon, Australia
30Rescue Team ResourcesRequires specially trained personnel or teams and unique training and skills to use rope rescue tools and equipment correctly and to build and operate rope rescue systems safely
31Rope Rescue Techniques Establishing anchor systems and fall protectionBuilding and operating lowering systemsBuilding and operating mechanical advantage systemsBuilding and using high-line systemsAscending rope
32Awareness Level Responsibilities Recognize hazards at incident.Secure the scene.Call for appropriate assistance and resources, including crossed-trained rescue teams.Not properly trained to operate rope rescue equipment or to use techniques
33EMS ResourcesRequired for patient hand off by rescue team for treatment and transport to medical facilitiesHigh-angle rope rescue victims may be suffering from traumatic injuries, other medical emergencies..ALS required to treat fall victims effectively.
34Strategic Objectives (1 of 2) Evaluate scene, identify potential victims and locations.Initiate operations to minimize hazards to operating personnel and trapped victims.Search the area.
35Strategic Objectives (2 of 2) Rescue and remove trapped victims.Minimize further injury to victims during process.
36Required ICS Positions Incident commander (IC)Technical rescue group supervisorSafety officer
37Technical Rescue Group Supervisor (1 of 2) Hazard mitigationEntry team readinessRapid intervention capabilitiesEmergency medical patient care
38Technical Rescue Group Supervisor (2 of 2) Courtesy of Mike Moore/FEMA
39Incident Action Plan (IAP) Identifies overall control objectives for emergencyIncludes necessary specialized resourcesIncludes necessary specialized personnel
40Response PlanningResponders must know how to initiate emergency response system to ensure appropriate resources are deployed and operational guidelines initiated correctly.
41Needs Assessment Possible emergencies requiring rope rescue Possible hazardsTypes of emergency response resources or special assets requiredCapability assessment of agency personnelOther available resources
42Hazards and Hazard Assessment Personnel must be well trained to recognize and understand the hazards they may encounter to protect them from being injured or killed.
43Scene AssessmentAssess rescue environment hazards before a rope rescue.Hazards vary, depending on the primary cause of emergency.Responders must recognize need for specialized resources, know personal limitations.
44On-Scene Hazards to Rescue Personnel (1 of 2) Fall hazardFalling debrisBystanders, onlookers, friends, co-workersIndustrial setting hazards
45On-Scene Hazards to Rescue Personnel (2 of 2) Courtesy of Robert Rhea
46Rescue Situation in Industrial Setting (1 of 2) May expose rescuers to energy hazards:Electrical wiresHydraulic fluidsSteam linesOperating machineryRequires identification and control
47Rescue Situation in Industrial Setting (2 of 2) Courtesy of Robert Rhea
48Basic Hazard Mitigation (1 of 2) Controlling site prior to arrival of trained rope rescue teamsUsing barrier tape to establish edge controlUsing proper fall protection when going near edge
50Site Control Includes (1 of 2) Creating general area within 300 feet (91.4 m) of eventRemoving unnecessary bystanders from operational areaEstablishing physical barrier at least 100 feet (30.5 m) from operational area
51Site Control Includes (2 of 2) Controlling trafficEliminating vibration sourcesIdentifying and monitoring existing hazards within physical barrier
52Basic Rescue Procedures (1 of 2) Assess scene.Gather information and locate victim.Communicate with victim, if possible.Gain access to patient.Secure patient with rope system.
53Basic Rescue Procedures (2 of 2) Package the patient.Attach the patient to rope rescue system for removal.
54Role of Awareness Level Rescuers Moving tools and equipmentSecuring perimeterHelping operate haul systemsTransferring patients
55BLS Patient Care Includes (1 of 2) Establishing and maintaining adequate airwayProviding respiratory ventilationControlling severe bleedingMaintaining circulatory system
56BLS Patient Care Includes (2 of 2) Ensuring spinal immobilization, if necessaryTreating for shock, if necessaryFollowing local medical protocols
57Patient MovementShould be performed safely and efficiently while limiting further injury to patientRequires adequate numbers of rescuers to avoid injury to patient or rescuers
58Summary (1 of 2)Rescuers must recognize different types of rescue environments and associated hazards.High-angle rope rescue requires specialized resources and rope rescue teams.Responders must know where to acquire resources to perform successful rope rescues.
59Summary (2 of 2)Rope rescue hazards include fall hazards, falling debris, energy hazards, environmental hazards, and crowd control issues.Hazard mitigation efforts are required prior to rescue.Awareness level responders should not attempt to access or remove a patient in situations where fall protection is required.