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2 Copyright and Terms of Service Copyright © Texas Education Agency. The materials found on this website are copyrighted © and trademarked ™ as the property.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Copyright and Terms of Service Copyright © Texas Education Agency. The materials found on this website are copyrighted © and trademarked ™ as the property."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Copyright and Terms of Service Copyright © Texas Education Agency. The materials found on this website are copyrighted © and trademarked ™ as the property of the Texas Education Agency and may not be reproduced without the express written permission of the Texas Education Agency, except under the following conditions: 1)Texas public school districts, charter schools, and Education Service Centers may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for the districts’ and schools’ educational use without obtaining permission from the Texas Education Agency; 2) Residents of the state of Texas may reproduce and use copies of the Materials and Related Materials for individual personal use only without obtaining written permission of the Texas Education Agency; 3) Any portion reproduced must be reproduced in its entirety and remain unedited, unaltered and unchanged in any way; 4) No monetary charge can be made for the reproduced materials or any document containing them; however, a reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged. Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from the Texas Education Agency and will be required to enter into a license agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty fee. Call TEA Copyrights with any questions you have. Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

3 Regulating the Securities Industry “truth in securities” law Requires disclosure of information regarding securities for sale Securities Act of 1933 Congress created Securities and Exchange Commission Provides disciplinary action for individuals and businesses selling securities Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Discloses information about mutual funds Regulates investment company structure Investment Company Act of Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

4 Regulations (continued) Requires individuals who sell securities to register with the SEC Investment Advisers Act of 1940 Created the “Public Company Accounting Oversight Board” Mandates corporate responsibility and ethics in accounting Sarbanes- Oxley Act of Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

5 Regulations (continued) Improves regulatory oversight and disclosure involving investing and other consumer activities Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 Makes it easier for small businesses to raise capital Eases security regulations regarding crowdfunding (a group of individuals who provide financing for entrepreneurs) Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (JOBS) 5 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

6 Regulations (continued) 6 Administered exams for securities professionals Associated with National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) NASD In 2007 NASD merged with the NYSE (New York Stock Exchange) to create FINRA Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

7 State Regulations Texas State Securities Board –Texas Securities Act Provides that securities in Texas are registered Those who sell securities must also be registered –Also provides investor education All states have securities regulations called “Blue Sky Laws” 7 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

8 Types of Fraud Affinity fraud –Fraud that targets a group of people such as immigrants or people of the same religious affiliation. –The scammer tries to empathize with the particular group. Baby Boomer (Elderly) fraud –These scammers target people of a certain age group who may be facing financial challenges due to caring for elderly parents. –Scammers may also target people nearing or at retirement who can use extra income. 8 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

9 Types of Fraud (continued) Ponzi Scheme-also known as “Pyramid” scheme –A plan that pays early investors with the contributions of later investors with no real investment actually existing. The only individuals making money are the initial few at the expense of the later investors. 9 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

10 Unethical Corporate Behavior and Fraud Well-known companies: –Enron Hid losses and debt from the public which made the company appear more profitable than it was, with the help of accounting firm Arthur Andersen. Executives made millions from selling off stock causing the demise of company pensions. –WorldCom Company executives and accountants overstated assets among other criminal corporate activity, which quickly led to bankruptcy and losses for investors. –Tyco Executives reportedly made loans from the company and never repaid in addition to profiting from fraudulent securities sales. 10 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.

11 Formal Assessments Regulator Acronym Assignment #1 - Students will select any two of the many regulatory agencies they have learned about in this lesson. Then they will place the initials of that organization on a posterboard or on the computer on a word processing document if a lab is available, and for each letter they will create a phrase beginning with that letter that describes an aspect of the agency and what it does. Recognizing Fraud Assignment #2 – In pairs, students will select a brochure relating to frauds and scams located on the North Carolina Secretary of State website. They will create a presentation to present to the class using either presentation management software, an online presentation program, or visuals such as posters and handouts explaining the topic and suggested ways to avoid the unethical or illegal behavior. Letter to the President Assignment #3 – Instruct students to pretend that they are one of the employees of one of the companies that have been discussed regarding fraud and unethical behavior. You have been hurt by the company’s actions so now you are typing a letter, using proper personal-business letter format, that 1) states your purpose for writing the letter, 2) explains in detail all of the ways the company has hurt you and how you feel about its actions, and 3) a request for some sort of resolution that the company can make to the people who were hurt. 11 Copyright ©Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved.


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