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Energy Law 10 – Conservation & Efficiency Fall 2014 November 18, 2014 Alan Palmiter Not for distribution- for study purposes only.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Law 10 – Conservation & Efficiency Fall 2014 November 18, 2014 Alan Palmiter Not for distribution- for study purposes only."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Law 10 – Conservation & Efficiency Fall 2014 November 18, 2014 Alan Palmiter Not for distribution- for study purposes only

2 “We already have the technology we need to take the world off the path toward dramatic climate change. ” Robert Socolow and Stephen Pacala, Stabilization Wedges (2004) Carbon Mitigation Initiative Bill McKibben “That’s the task for our generation”






8 The end







15 Topic roadmap 1.Role of conservation & efficiency – Distinction between conservation & efficiency – Significance of conservation & efficiency – What is your carbon footprint? 2.Energy-efficient technologies – Home & buildings – Vehicles – Manufacturing – Government – Smart grid 3. Regulating conservation & efficiency – Legislation prior to 2000 – Legislation since Future of conservation & efficiency – Evolving technology and energy efficiency efforts

16 EIA, Annual Energy ReviewAnnual Energy Review 1.Role of conservation and efficiency


18 Energy Intensity = energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). EIA, “Energy Intensity” (2013)Energy Intensity

19 Conservation = consuming less energy and getting less Efficiency = consuming less energy and getting same amount As policy matter, which would you promote?


21 Efficiency vs. renewables vs. fossil fuels: Costs and risks? Ceres, Report (Nov 2014)Report

22 (Click for video – 4.22)video

23 (Click image for link to calculator)link to calculator What is likely to lead to you using less energy: (1)environmental/climate concerns or (2)price incentives?

24 (Click for video – 4:21 )video 2. Energy-efficient technologies

25 My house story …

26 (Click for video – 6:29 )

27 Efficiency in manufacturing and government Optimization - Manufacturing Biomimetic Life cycle assessment Standardization Federal Energy Management Program Analyzes energy legislation and regulations Helps federal agencies develop sustainable design practices Implements renewable energy technology

28 (Click for video – 6:17 )video


30 Energy efficiency in the home Pros:  Reduce energy costs  Decline in emissions into the atmosphere  Reduce reliance on fossil fuels  Greater energy security Cons:  Some technology is unproven  Hard to implement – limited industry  High upfront costs / limited financing  Leads to over- consumption

31 1.True or false? U.S. Department of Energy is the primary federal agency responsible for deployment of energy efficiency projects. 2.Which is true – a.Buildings consume more energy than transportation. b.Transportation represents about 50% of total energy consumption. c.A hybrid vehicle combines an efficient gas engine combined with an electric motor that charges during acceleration. d.Standardization in manufacturing refers to third- party assessment of product’s safety. 3.Which is false? The DOE’s FEMP … a.analyzes energy related regulations and assists agencies with compliance. b.helps to design, operate, and maintain high efficiency federal buildings. c.oversees federal government water efficiency efforts and best practices implementation. responsible for measuring the GHG emissions of the large electric power utilities. 4. True or False? The U.S. has less than 5% of the world’s population, but consumes energy at 4.5x the average world per capita rate. Pop Quiz Conservation and efficiency Answers: 1-T / 2-a / 3-d / 4-T

32 Conservation/efficiency – regulatory timeline Energy Policy & Conservation Act (1975) – appliance rating / CAFENAECA Amendments (1988)National Energy Policy Conservation Act (1978) – standards, not targetsNational Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) (1987) – DOE rulesEnergy Policy Act (2005) - RFS Energy Independence and Security Act (2007) – federal government / light bulbs Energy Policy Act (1992) – Integrated Resource Plans Public Utility Regulatory Policy Act (1978) – electric rates reflect costs

33 Conservation/efficiency legislation: Pre-2000 Energy Policy & Conservation Act (1975) Established US petroleum reserve Promoted conservation Mandated vehicle fuel economy standards National Energy Conservation Policy Act (1978) Aimed to decrease reliance on non- renewable resources Called for increase in efficiency of energy products (i.e. vehicles and home heating) Energy Policy Act (1992) Improved energy efficiency standards Increased residential energy efficiency ratings Promoted least cost planning among electric utilities

34 Conservation/efficiency legislation: Post-2000 Energy Policy Act (2005) Implemented metering and reporting requirements Facilitated energy efficient product procurement Formulated renewable energy / fuel programs Energy Independence & Security Act (2007) Adopted the energy reduction goals of Executive Order Set performance standards for new buildings and major renovations. FTC labeling of light bulbs, phasing out incandescent bulbs.

35 EISA lighting standards

36 1.True or false? The National Energy Policy Conservation Act was a direct response to the energy crisis of the early 1970s. 1.Which is false ? The EPA 2005 … a.required federal buildings be metered to promote energy efficiency and reduce costs b.required federal agencies to incorporate accepted energy efficiency criteria in operations. c.promoted on-site renewable energy productions at federal buildings. d.allowed federal agencies to choose dual-fueled vehicles 3.Which is true? E.O … a.Seeks to reduce energy intensity 30% by 2015, compared to 2003 baseline. b.Encourages manufacturers to use alternative fuels to reduce production costs. c.Requires renovation of federal buildings be completed using sustainability strategies, if no additional costs. d.does not address use of chemicals or toxic materials -- its scope is limited to energy efficiency matters. 4. True or false? The Energy Policy Act of 1992 allowed, for the first time, federal agencies to keep savings from energy performance contracts. Pop Quiz Conservation & efficiency – regulation Answers: 1-T / 2-d / 3-a / 4-T

37 (Click for video – 1:59 )video 4. Future of conservation/efficiency “Green” smart apps

38 (Click for video – 2:55) ‘Built To Last’ – US decentralization and recentralization

39 Improving the motor vehicle network (Click for video – 1:35) video

40 Energy federalism

41 Class Hypo For each member of your group, calculate the carbon footprint of your parents – or some other “baby boomer unit” you know something about. Then come up with a list of five (5) conservation/efficiency measures you would recommend to this “unit.” For each recommendation, identify – (1)how much annual energy savings your recommendation might result in, and (2)the likelihood your identified “unit” would engage in the behavior you recommend. Calculate the “expected annual savings per unit” from your group recommendations. Baby Boomer parents

42 Class Hypo (results) Baby Boomers Shaun 88 Andrew 56 Kees 66 Samantha 48 Alison 81 Jeb 55 Cam 66 Peter 64 Santiago 94 John 79 Hunter 64 Average 69.2

43 The end

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