Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Market Segmentation Chapter 10 slides for Marketing for Pharmacists, 2nd Edition."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 10 Market Segmentation Chapter 10 slides for Marketing for Pharmacists, 2nd Edition
Learning Objectives Define market segmentation, targeting, and positioning. Discuss the purpose of market segmentation. List characteristics of desirable market segments. List ways in which pharmacists can segment their markets, and give examples of each. Suggest several ways in which practicing pharmacists can conduct market research. Discuss the steps involved in segmenting markets.
Segmenting Markets Marketers who target segments of a market can better meet the needs of those targeted. Marketing segmentation defined: Process of dividing a market Forming smaller subgroups Based upon common characteristics.
Target Marketing Marketers target attractive markets with a unique marketing mix (i.e., price, product, promotion, place). The challenge is to determine important similarities and differences that help Spot market opportunities Offer a product more finely tuned to the needs of target customers Refine marketing messages Command premium prices.
Demographic/Geographic Segmentation Most common and easiest to use TIP Useful because Behavior is often related TIP Useful because Behavior is often related
Demographic/geographic segmentation Age Sex Race Income Social class Education Health insurance Job Residence Place of birth Education Health insurance Job Residence Place of birth
Sources of geographic/demographic data U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department of Commerce U.S. Internal Revenue Service U.S. Social Security Administration National Center for Health Statistics Individual state and local government sources Small Business Administration Professional and trade associations and journals American Demographics magazine Prevention magazine Local chambers of commerce Local libraries
Senior subsegments Available discretionary income A senior ’ s general level of health General activity level of seniors Amount of discretionary time not taken up with family, job, and social activities Degree of social interaction with others
Healthstyles Disciples – Obedient, trusting, highly compliant Medical buffs – Engaged, adherent, trusting of physicians but feel in control of own health Naturalists – Shun pharmaceuticals in favor of holistic remedies Immortals – Devil-may-care types, disregard physician’s recommendations Fatalists – Feel health is out of control. Often noncompliant Source: Consumer Health Sciences
Barriers to treatmentHow to reachMessage DisciplesSometimes forgetful.Pharmacists, advertising, popular press Remind. Reinforce benefits of treatment. Medical buffs Have strong brand ideas. First to switch brands. Internet, medical publications, brand- specific ads Position treatment as patient-doctor relationship. Stress brand superiority NaturalistsDistrust traditional. Anxious about side effects. Guerrilla marketing, condition-specific Web site, nonbranded ads, POP displays Position treatment as part of healthy lifestyle. Empha- size the natural. ImmortalsIll-informed, often in denial. Family members, peers, telephone reminders Deliver wake-up call. Clarify necessity for treatment FatalistsFeel hopeless and helpless. Family members, peers, telephone reminders “With help, you can overcome symptoms.”
Behavioral Segments Based on the Pareto principle (80/20 rule)
Behavioral segmentation Usage (e.g., heavy, medium, light) Occasion (e.g., major/minor illnesses, home or vacation, self or family member) User status and loyalty (e.g., first time, repeat, potential users) Potential behavior (e.g., readiness to act)
Willingness to adopt innovations Early Adopters Laggards Early Majority Late Majority Average Rate of Adoption Early Rate of Adoption Late Rate of Adoption Opinion Leaders Innovators
Special cases of behavioral segmentation Disease management Case management
Benefits Segmentation Behavior is linked to benefits sought. TIP Related to total product concept (Chapter 2) TIP Related to total product concept (Chapter 2)
Benefits segmentation Quality buyers – best without regard to cost Service buyers – personal caring and service Value buyers – best value for the money. Quality should match price. Economy buyers – cheapest alternative that will minimize cost Luxury
It’s Not Only About Price at Wal-Mart March 2, 2007 NYTimes “Brand aspirationals” (people with low incomes who are obsessed with names like KitchenAid) “Price-sensitive affluents” (wealthier shoppers who love deals) “Value-price shoppers” (who like low prices and cannot afford much more)
Wal-Mart’s “Power” Product Categories Food Entertainment Apparel Home goods Pharmacy
Low Price High Price Low Quality High Quality Value Buyers Luxury Buyers Economy Buyers OTC Market
Empirical v. Hypothesis- Driven Approaches Experience versus experimentation TIP The world is becoming too complex to rely solely on experience. TIP The world is becoming too complex to rely solely on experience.
Segmentation for Practicing Pharmacists All pharmacists should segment and target patients. TIP Segmentation is a tool to help serve patients. TIP Segmentation is a tool to help serve patients.
Researching the market Talk with patients. Invite a group of patients to chat. Conduct surveys. Read. Use the Internet. Mine patient data files. Observe how customers shop. Test market ideas.
Using segmentation in practice Step 1: Identify key market segments. Step 2: Learn as much as you can about the segments in which you are interested. Step 3: Describe a typical person in a segment. Step 4: Determine the desirability of segment. Step 5: Select segments and create written plans. Step 6: Establish a budget. Step 7: Develop measures for the success of targeting efforts, e.g., sales volume, number of repeat visits. Step 8: Choose a future date when you will reassess your marketing efforts.
Conclusion People do not always fall into neat segments. Those who do often act differently from others in their segment. Segmentation is only a tool. Never stop observing and questioning.