Presentation on theme: "The Marketing Environment Chapter 4. 4 - 1 Objectives Know the environmental forces that affect the company’s ability to serve its customers. Realize."— Presentation transcript:
The Marketing Environment Chapter 4
4 - 1 Objectives Know the environmental forces that affect the company’s ability to serve its customers. Realize how changes in the demographic and economic environments affect marketing decisions.
4 - 2 Objectives Identify the major trends in the firm’s natural and technological environments. Know the key changes in the political & cultural environments. Understand how companies can react to the marketing environment.
4 - 3 “Millennial fever” set the stage to bring back the VW Beetle VW’s investment: $ 560 million Demand quickly outstripped supply c Volkswagen The new VW beetle enjoyed cross- generational appeal Earned many awards VW’s Beetle now accounts for over 25% of company sales Discussion: Is VW’s next nostalgia venture, the “flower-power” Microbus, as likely to succeed?
4 - 4 Key Environments Marketing Environment The actors and forces that affect a firm’s ability to build and maintain successful relationships with customers.
4 - 5 Key Environments Aspects of the marketing environment: Microenvironment: Actors close to the company Macroenvironment Larger societal forces
4 - 6 The Microenvironment Departments within the company impact marketing planning.
4 - 7 The Microenvironment Suppliers help to create and deliver customer value. Treat suppliers as partners.
4 - 8 The Microenvironment Marketing intermediaries help to sell, promote, and distribute goods. Intermediaries take many forms. Resellers Physical distribution firms Marketing services agencies Financial intermediaries
4 - 9 The Macroenvironment Customer markets must be studied. Market types Consumer Business Government Reseller International
The Macroenvironment Successful companies provide better customer value than the competition Size and industry position help to determine the competitive strategy.
The Macroenvironment Government Media Financial Local General Internal Various publics must also be considered. Citizen Action Groups
Figure 4-1: Actors in the Microenvironment
Figure 4-2: Major Macroenvironmental Forces
The Macroenvironment Key Demographic Trends World population growth Now 6.2 billion Projected to reach 7.9 billion by 2025
The Macroenvironment Key Demographic Trends Changing age structure The U.S. population consists of seven generational groups. Baby boomers, Generation X and Generation Y are key groups.Baby boomers, Generation X and Generation Y are key groups. Distinct segments typically exist within these generational groups.
The Macroenvironment Born between 1946 and 1964 Represent 28% of the population; earn 50% of personal income Many mini-segments exist within the boomer group Entering peak earning years as they mature Lucrative market for travel, entertainment, housing and more Baby boomers Generation X Generation Y Key Generations
The “graying of America” refers to the fact that as baby boomers get older, the average age of the U.S. population increases. Today, baby boomers are a great target for exotic travel. Think ahead to 20 years in the future. For what types of products and services will baby boomers represent a prime target? Discussion Question
The Macroenvironment Born between 1965 and 1976 First latchkey children Maintain a cautious economic outlook Share new cultural concerns Represent $125 billion in annual purchasing power Will be primary buyers of most goods by 2010 Baby boomers Generation X Generation Y Key Generations
Generation X has been described in the past as “working to live” rather than “living to work.” Do you think that this statement reflects Generation X’s true priorities in life? Why or why not? Discussion Question
The Macroenvironment Born between 1977 and million strong; almost as large a group as their baby boomer parents New products, services, and media cater to Generation Y Computer, Internet and digitally saavy Challenging target for marketers Baby boomers Generation X Generation Y Key Generations
Figure 4-3: Seven U.S. Generations
The Macroenvironment Key Demographic Trends Key Demographic Trends Changing American household Geographic population shifts Better-educated, more white-collar workforce Increasing Diversity
Zoots Video Clip Working women value products and services that are convenient to use or that save time. BusinessNow Click the picture above to play video
The Macroenvironment The Economic Environment Affects consumer purchasing power and spending patterns. U.S. consumers now spend carefully and desire greater value.
The Macroenvironment The Economic Environment Two types of national economies: subsistence industrial
The Macroenvironment Key Economic Trends U.S. income distribution is skewed. Upper class, middle class, working class, underclass Rich: getting richer Middle class: shrinking Underclass: still poor Consumer spending patterns are changing.
The Macroenvironment The Natural Environment Concern for the natural environment has grown steadily, increasing the importance of these trends: Shortage of raw materials Increased pollution Increased governmental intervention
The Macroenvironment Many companies use recycling to help protect natural resources Many companies use recycling to help protect natural resources
The Macroenvironment Key Technological Trends The technological environment is characterized by rapid change. New technologies create new opportunities and markets but make old technologies obsolete. The U.S. leads the world in research and development spending.
The Macroenvironment The Political Environment Includes laws, governmental agencies, and pressure groups that impact organizations and individuals.
The Macroenvironment The Political Environment Key trends include: Increased legislation to protect businesses as well as consumers. Changes in governmental agency enforcement. Increased emphasis on ethical behavior and social responsibility.
The Macroenvironment Cause-related marketing is one method of demonstrating social responsibility Cause-related marketing is one method of demonstrating social responsibility
The Macroenvironment The Cultural Environment Is composed of institutions and other forces that affect a society’s basic values, perceptions, preferences, and behaviors.
The Macroenvironment Core beliefs are persistent Passed from parents to children; reinforced by society Shape attitudes and behavior Secondary cultural values change and shift more easily Society’s cultural values are expressed through people’s views of: Themselves Others Organizations Society Nature The Universe The Cultural Environment
Responding to the Marketing Environment Reactive: Passive Acceptance and Adaptation Companies design strategies that avoid threats and capitalize upon opportunities. Proactive: Environmental Management Use of lobbyists, PR, advertorials, lawsuits, complaints, and contractual agreements to influence environmental forces.