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Building Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf: The Multual Role of the New Iraq and Regional Countries Dr Mahmood Vaezi Vice – President of the Center.

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Presentation on theme: "Building Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf: The Multual Role of the New Iraq and Regional Countries Dr Mahmood Vaezi Vice – President of the Center."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building Stability and Security in the Persian Gulf: The Multual Role of the New Iraq and Regional Countries Dr Mahmood Vaezi Vice – President of the Center for Strategic Resarch (CSR) and Head of Foreign Policy Research Department 1

2 The International Importance of the Persian Gulf – Geo – Strategic Situation – Vast Energy Sources – Connection with International Security 2

3 The New Iraq: Definitions and Scenarios 1.Revival of Its Past Aggressive Role and Hegemonic Behaviour 2.Formation of an Iraq with Peaceful and Cooperative Foreign Policy 31

4 Challenges Facing the New Iraq – Military – Security Challenges Foreign Challenges: – Penteration of Terrorist Agents from Some Neighboring Countries – Lack of Effective Security Cooperation with Neighboring Countries Domestic Challenges: – Existence and Activities of Domestic Terrorist Agents » Remnants of Baath Regime » Opponents of the Democratic Structure of the New Iraq 41

5 Political Challenges – Negative Mentatlity of Some Regional Arab Countries towards the new Political Structure – Internference of Some Regional Countries for Changing the Democratic Political Structure – Impact of Past Differences with Neighbors on Iraq’s Relations with Them in the New Era – Iraq’s Need for International Supports, Especially for Being Excluded from the Seventh Chapter of UN Charter 5

6 Economic Challenges – Low Volume of Foreign Investment Due to the Lack of Security – Necessity of the Reconstruction of Its Economic Infrastructure – No Resolution for Its Foreign Debts and War Reparations – No Adequate Economic Structure 61

7 Mutual Responsibilities of Iraq and Regional Countries in Building Security a)Iraq’s Responsibility Towards the Regional Countries : Removal of Security Concerns of Neighboring countries by Coucluding Security Agreements Acting with Responsibility and Respecting Border Treaties Settlement of Past Differences Understanding Regional Concerns about the Presence of Foreign Forces Avoiding the Spread of Differences into the Areas Outside the Region 71

8 Mutual Responsibilities of Iraq and Regional Countries in Boilding Security b) Regional Countries’ Responsibilities Towards Iraq Non – interference of Regional Countries, Especially Iraq’s Neighbors in Its Internal Affairs Respecting the Constitution and Popular Vote Acceptance of Iraq’s New Political Regime and Normalization of Bilateral Relations with This Country Helping the Enhancement of the Security of Borders and Building Security in Iraq Cooperating for Iraq’s Economic Development 81

9 Iran’s Approach to Iraq and the Persian Gulf Supporting the New Political Process and the Integrity of Iraq Helping the Establishment of Peace and Security in Iraq Making Efforts for Consolidating a Democratic and Moderate Political System in Iraq Helping Iraq to Play a Positive and Constructive Regional Role Supporting the Establishment of Collective Security Arrangements in the Persian Gulf 91

10 Recommendations Restoring the Conferences of Iraq’s Neighbors at the Foreign Ministers Level for Building Stability in Iraq Establishing a Permanent Intelligence Committee for Struggling Against Terrorism and Extermism Multilateral Confidence – Building in the Persian Gulf to Pave the Way for the Withdrawal of Foreign Forces Expanding Collective Economic Cooperation Including Signing Free Trade Agreement with the Participation of Iran, Iraq and PGCC 101

11 Mutual Respect for Border Treaties and Regional Countries’ Integrity Formulating a Cultural Strategy for Resolving Ethnic Disputes Commitment of Regional Countries to Control Media and to Encourage the Peaceful Co-Existence of Different Religions Expanding Collective Technical Cooperation 111

12 With Thanks 18/01/


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