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PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration.

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Presentation on theme: "PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration."— Presentation transcript:

1 PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration

2 8 May Unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, signed on 7 May in Reims. Ratification of the surrender in Berlin (8 May). Allied victory over Nazi Germany and the end of the Second World War in Europe. 2

3 On 5 May 1949, in London, ten Ministers of Foreign Affairs (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom sign the Statute of the Council of Europe. (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 3

4 9 May 1950: Robert Schuman, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, proposes in a speech inspired by Jean Monnet, to place the entire Franco-German production of coal and steel under a common High Authority, within an organisation open to the participation of all other european countries. http ://www.ena.lu/affiche_journee_europe_

5 On 18 April 1951, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the RFA, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Italia and the Netherlands sign in Paris the Treaty implementing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). From l. to r.: Paul van Zeeland (B), Joseph Bech (L), Joseph Meurice (B), le comte Carlo Sforza (I), Robert Schuman (F), Konrad Adenauer (RFA), Dirk Stikker (NL) et Johannes van den Brink (NL). On 18 April 1951, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the RFA, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Italia and the Netherlands sign in Paris the Treaty implementing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). From l. to r.: Paul van Zeeland (B), Joseph Bech (L), Joseph Meurice (B), le comte Carlo Sforza (I), Robert Schuman (F), Konrad Adenauer (RFA), Dirk Stikker (NL) et Johannes van den Brink (NL). 5

6 30 August The French National Assembly rejects the Treaty establishing the European Defence Force. (EDC) 6

7 From 1 to 3 June 1955, The Six (France, RFA, Benelux, Italie) meet in Messine to restart the process of european integration. _messine_1er_juin_ (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 7

8 25 March 1957 : Signing in Rome of the Treaties establishing The European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) 8

9 On 1st January 1973, Denmark, the United Kingdom and Ireland become member of the European Community. (first enlargement) (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 9

10 10 June 1979 : The first elections by universal suffrage of the European Parliament 10

11 On 1st January 1981, Greece becomes the tenth member of the EC (second enlargement) 11

12 On 14 June 1985, in Schengen (Luxembourg), France, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Benelux countries sign the Schengen Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders. 12

13 On 1 January 1986, Spain and Portugal join the EC, bringing the number of member States to twelve. (third enlargement) in_ mmission_communautes_europeennes_bruxelles_janvier_

14 On 17 February and 28 February 1986, the ministers of Foreign Affaird of the Twelve sign in Luxembourg and in La Haye the Single European Act (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 14

15 On 7 February 1992, the ministers of Foreign Affairs and of Finances of the twelve member States of the European Community sign in Maastricht the treaty on the European Union. (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 15

16 On 1st January 1995, Sweden, Austria and Finland join the European Union, who goes from twelve to fifteen member States (fourth enlargement)). fou_24_juin_ (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 16

17 On 2 October 1997, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Fifteen sign the Treaty of Amsterdam. re_

18 On 1st January 1999, the european single currency (euro) was introduced as a unit of account in eleven EU countries 1_decembre_

19 On 26 February 2001, the Fifteen sign the Treaty of Nice which must pave the way for institutional reform necessary for EU enlargement. 19

20 On 1 January 2002, banknotes and coins transferred in euro came into circulation in the twelve EU Member States 20

21 The European Convention completed its work 10 July 2003 by adopting by consensus the draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. methode_convention_avenir_europe_paris_juillet _ ope_paris_juillet_ llelersundi_lors_derniere_session_conv ention_europeenne_bruxelles_juin_ s_joschka_fischer_lors_de rniere_session_conventio n_europeenne_bruxelles_j uin_

22 On 1st May 2004, The European Union enlarges and covers twentyfive Member States (fifth enlargement) (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 22

23 On 29 October 2004, the Heads of State or Government of the Twentyfive sign in Rome the Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe

24 On 29 May and 1 June 2005, France and the Netherlands rejected by referendum the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. tionnel_

25 On 1st January 2007, Bulgaria and Romania join the EU, bringing the number of member States to twentyseven (sixth enlargement) ie_discours_jose_manuel_barroso_luxembourg_avril_ (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 25

26 13 December 2007, Signing of the Treaty of Lisbon which transforms the institutional architecture of the EU and strengthens its external representation nne_devant_parlement_europeen_strasbourg_novembre_

27 Credits © Bundesarchiv Koblenz © Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) © Communautés européennes © Communauté européenne © Europa Grafica - Commission européenne Représentation au Luxembourg © Médiathèque Commission européenne © NARA © PE Parlement européen, Unité de l'Audiovisuel © Photo Parlement européen © Service Information et Presse du Gouvernement luxembourgeois © Service photographique du Conseil de l'Union européenne © Schneider © Union européenne, 2010 © 27

28 A UTEUR ET © : MARCO GABELLINI, CVCE, 2011 The education is primarily the sharing of knowledge, the transmission and the exchange of competences. This presentation can be used freely in schools or non-profit sector. Think freely and cite the source! Advertisement: This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.. Avec le concours des Agences nationales : 28


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