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PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration.

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Presentation on theme: "PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration."— Presentation transcript:

1 PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011PARTENARIAT ÉDUCATIF GRUNDTVIG 2009-2011REPERES Birth of the European Union and chronology of the integration

2 8 May 1945. Unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, signed on 7 May in Reims. Ratification of the surrender in Berlin (8 May). Allied victory over Nazi Germany and the end of the Second World War in Europe. http://www.ena.lu/marechal_wilhelm_keitel_signe_acte_reddition_berlin_mai_1945-1-10200 http://www.ena.lu/allemagne_ruines_wesel_1945-1-10025 2

3 On 5 May 1949, in London, ten Ministers of Foreign Affairs (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom sign the Statute of the Council of Europe. http://www.ena.lu/creation_conseil_europe-1-20737 http://www.ena.lu/conseil_europe_1949_2009-1-18686 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 3

4 9 May 1950: Robert Schuman, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, proposes in a speech inspired by Jean Monnet, to place the entire Franco-German production of coal and steel under a common High Authority, within an organisation open to the participation of all other european countries. http:// www.ena.lu/declaration_robert_schuman_paris_mai_1950-1-3668 http ://www.ena.lu/affiche_journee_europe_2000-1-19462 4

5 On 18 April 1951, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the RFA, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Italia and the Netherlands sign in Paris the Treaty implementing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). From l. to r.: Paul van Zeeland (B), Joseph Bech (L), Joseph Meurice (B), le comte Carlo Sforza (I), Robert Schuman (F), Konrad Adenauer (RFA), Dirk Stikker (NL) et Johannes van den Brink (NL). On 18 April 1951, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the RFA, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Italia and the Netherlands sign in Paris the Treaty implementing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). From l. to r.: Paul van Zeeland (B), Joseph Bech (L), Joseph Meurice (B), le comte Carlo Sforza (I), Robert Schuman (F), Konrad Adenauer (RFA), Dirk Stikker (NL) et Johannes van den Brink (NL). http://www.ena.lu/signature_traite_ceca_paris_18_avril_1951-1-7229 5

6 30 August 1954. The French National Assembly rejects the Treaty establishing the European Defence Force. (EDC) http://www.ena.lu/affiche_francaise_necessite_cooperation_militaire_europeenne_cadre_ced_1954-1-777 6

7 From 1 to 3 June 1955, The Six (France, RFA, Benelux, Italie) meet in Messine to restart the process of european integration. http://www.ena.lu/joseph_bech_paul_henri_spaak_johan_willem_beyen_conference _messine_1er_juin_1955-1-10036 http://www.ena.lu/negociation_traites_rome_1955_1956-1-26384 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 7

8 25 March 1957 : Signing in Rome of the Treaties establishing The European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) http://www.ena.lu/signature_traites_cee_ceea_rome_25_mars_1957-1-9981 http://www.ena.lu/affiche_signature_traites_rome_1957-1-4074 8

9 On 1st January 1973, Denmark, the United Kingdom and Ireland become member of the European Community. (first enlargement) http://www.ena.lu/adhesion_royaume_uni_irlande_danemark_communautes_europeennes_1973-1-8356 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 9

10 10 June 1979 : The first elections by universal suffrage of the European Parliament http://www.ena.lu/affiche_francaise_premieres_elections_directes_parlement_europeen-1-7118 10

11 On 1st January 1981, Greece becomes the tenth member of the EC (second enlargement) http://www.ena.lu/affiche_bienvenue_grece-1-6189 http://www.ena.lu/adhesion_grece_communautes_europeennes_athenes_28_mai_1979-1-9637 11

12 On 14 June 1985, in Schengen (Luxembourg), France, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Benelux countries sign the Schengen Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders. http://www.ena.lu/signature_accord_schengen_14_juin_1985-1-19792 12

13 On 1 January 1986, Spain and Portugal join the EC, bringing the number of member States to twelve. (third enlargement) http://www.ena.lu/adhesion_portugal_communautes_europeennes_lisbonne_12_ju in_1985-1-22941 http://www.ena.lu/levee_solennelle_drapeaux_espagnol_portugais_siege_co mmission_communautes_europeennes_bruxelles_janvier_1986-1-37894 13

14 On 17 February and 28 February 1986, the ministers of Foreign Affaird of the Twelve sign in Luxembourg and in La Haye the Single European Act http://www.ena.lu/interview_jacques_poos_lacte_unique_europeen_sanem_16_avril_2 004-1-21039 http://www.ena.lu/signature_acte_unique_europeen_luxembourg_17_fevrier_1986-1-688 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 14

15 On 7 February 1992, the ministers of Foreign Affairs and of Finances of the twelve member States of the European Community sign in Maastricht the treaty on the European Union. http://www.ena.lu/trois_piliers_union_europeenne_maastricht_fevrier_1992-1-14635 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 15

16 On 1st January 1995, Sweden, Austria and Finland join the European Union, who goes from twelve to fifteen member States (fourth enlargement)). http://www.ena.lu/adhesion_autriche_finlande_suede_union_europeenne_1995-1-20094 http://www.ena.lu/signature_traite_adhesion_union_europeenne_suede_cor fou_24_juin_1994-1-10042 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 16

17 On 2 October 1997, the ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Fifteen sign the Treaty of Amsterdam. http://www.ena.lu/le_traite_amsterdam-1-19609 http://www.ena.lu/manifestations_marge_signature_traite_amsterdam_amsterdam_octob re_1997-1-26768 17

18 On 1st January 1999, the european single currency (euro) was introduced as a unit of account in eleven EU countries http://www.ena.lu/session_extraordinaire_conseil_ecofin_bruxelles_3 1_decembre_1998-1-21986 http://www.ena.lu/info_zone_euro-1-7971 18

19 On 26 February 2001, the Fifteen sign the Treaty of Nice which must pave the way for institutional reform necessary for EU enlargement. http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/signature_traite_nice_nice_26_fevrier_2001-1-15613 19

20 On 1 January 2002, banknotes and coins transferred in euro came into circulation in the twelve EU Member States http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/campagne_information_francaise_vue_passage_euro-1-19047 http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/premiers_billets_euros_vienne_31_decembre_2001-1-8117 20

21 The European Convention completed its work 10 July 2003 by adopting by consensus the draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. http://www.ena.lu/interview_pierre_moscovici_ methode_convention_avenir_europe_paris_juillet _2008-1-31010 http://www.ena.lu/interview_jean_francois_poncet_convention_avenir_eur ope_paris_juillet_2008-1-30973 http://www.ena.lu/discours_palacio_va llelersundi_lors_derniere_session_conv ention_europeenne_bruxelles_juin_200 3-1-18386 http://www.ena.lu/discour s_joschka_fischer_lors_de rniere_session_conventio n_europeenne_bruxelles_j uin_2003-1-18392 21

22 On 1st May 2004, The European Union enlarges and covers twentyfive Member States (fifth enlargement) http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/union_europeenne_etats_membres_pays_candidats_2003-1-18685 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 22

23 On 29 October 2004, the Heads of State or Government of the Twentyfive sign in Rome the Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe. http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/traite_etablissant_constitution_europe_rome_29_octobre_2004-1- 25329 23

24 On 29 May and 1 June 2005, France and the Netherlands rejected by referendum the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/caricature_schneider_francais_neerlandais_referendum_traite_constitu tionnel_2005-1-28174 24

25 On 1st January 2007, Bulgaria and Romania join the EU, bringing the number of member States to twentyseven (sixth enlargement) http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/adhesion_bulgarie_roumanie_union_europeenne_2007-1-28810 http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/signature_traite_adhesion_bulgarie_rouman ie_discours_jose_manuel_barroso_luxembourg_avril_2005-1-24896 (c) Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) 25

26 13 December 2007, Signing of the Treaty of Lisbon which transforms the institutional architecture of the EU and strengthens its external representation. http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/photo_famille_occasion_signature_traite_lisbonne_13_decembre_200 7-1-28801 http://sgweb.cvce.lu/ena/discours_nicolas_sarkozy_traite_lisbo nne_devant_parlement_europeen_strasbourg_novembre_2007- 1-30086 26

27 Credits © Bundesarchiv Koblenz www.bundesarchiv.de www.bundesarchiv.de © Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe (CVCE) © Communautés européennes © Communauté européenne © Europa Grafica - Commission européenne Représentation au Luxembourg © Médiathèque Commission européenne © NARA © PE 2005-2008 Parlement européen, Unité de l'Audiovisuel © Photo Parlement européen © Service Information et Presse du Gouvernement luxembourgeois © Service photographique du Conseil de l'Union européenne © Schneider © Union européenne, 2010 © www.ue2007.pt www.ue2007.pt 27

28 A UTEUR ET © : MARCO GABELLINI, CVCE, 2011 The education is primarily the sharing of knowledge, the transmission and the exchange of competences. This presentation can be used freely in schools or non-profit sector. Think freely and cite the source! Advertisement: This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.. Avec le concours des Agences nationales : 28


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