Presentation on theme: "Ch. 1 - Principles of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 1 - Principles of Government Government: The institution through which a society makes and enforces its policiesEssential to the existence of civilized society and has an extraordinary impact on the lives of people.What would you be like if you never had any oversight?
2 What do we expect from our Gov’t? Protect us from criminals and terroristsProtect the environment, our property, health and educationPave streets, regulate trafficPunish criminalsRespond to natural disastersProtect our civil rightsCare for elderly and poorThat is a lot!
3 The State Dominant political unit in the world. Characteristics: PopulationTerritorySovereignty – power within its own bordersGovernmentBody of people living together in a defined area, tied together politicallyNation=ethnic term, country=geographic term
4 PoliticsPolitics – The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders produce.Politics – The process by which government is conducted, policies determined and leaders chosen.
5 Politics is NOT a Dirty Word People disagree on politics because they disagree about:Government PrioritiesThe Role of GovernmentSpecific Governmental PoliciesThe Direction of the NationPersonal ValuesEtc.Politics and Government are inseparable
6 Purpose of Government From the Preamble to the Constitution: Form a more perfect union – linktogether people and states
7 Purpose of Government From the Preamble to the Constitution: Establish Justice – equal rights and laws3. Insure Domestic Tranquility – Peace at home4. Provide for the common defense – military, foreign policy
8 Purpose of Government From the Preamble to the Constitution: Promote the general welfare – well being6. Secure blessings of liberty–rights & freedoms
10 Forms of Government Dictatorship – Rule by 1 person or small group The most common form of govermentAuthoritarian, Oligarchy, etc.TotalitarianControl all aspects of life – political, social, economicHitler, Stalin, Kim Jong-IlTheocracyControl by force and the FEAR of force
11 Forms of Government Democracy “Government of the people, by the people, for the people”“We the People”Direct Democracy – NE town hallsRepresentative Democracy – RepublicFastest growing form of governmentMost difficult form of government
12 Democracy Presidential System Branches chosen independently Separation of PowersChecks and BalancesStrong Executive – independent of LegislatureUnited States system
13 Democracy Parliamentary System Executive (Prime Minister) is a member of legislature (Parliament)Legislative majority chooses ExecutiveLegislative branch is superior to Executive and Judicial branchesNo checks and balancesSystem used in UK, Canada, Israel, most of Europe
14 Foundations of Democracy Worth and dignity of every individualSometimes the welfare of some is subordinated for the welfare of the groupEquality of all persons – conditions, opportunities, lawsMajority rule with minority rightsNecessity of compromise=most ideas have more than two sidesIndividual freedom
15 “No government demands so much from the citizen as Democracy, and none gives so much back.”
16 Conditions Favorable to Democracy Economic conditionsBest when there aren’t extremes of wealth and povertyFree enterprise – capitalism or socialismEducationThe higher the literacy rate the betterYou need educated votersSocial ConsensusShared values: Freedom, Equality, Peace, etc.
17 Democracy and the Free Enterprise System (Capitalism) Gov’t doesn’t make the decisions, the market does through the laws of supply and demandPrivate ownership, profit, competitionAmerica has a mixed economy because the government does get involvedRegulations, lawsBuilding codesEducationPost office