Presentation on theme: "Improvement of health and living conditions By 1850, factory owners and gov’t realized that the workers would crumble due to abusive conditions Cholera."— Presentation transcript:
Improvement of health and living conditions By 1850, factory owners and gov’t realized that the workers would crumble due to abusive conditions Cholera epidemic was caused by filthy overcrowded slums and unsanitary conditions in industrial towns Public Health Act of 1875 mandated that every town pave, maintain and clean their streets, appoint a Medical Officer of Health and a Sanitation Inspector Urban life improved with sewer systems, public bath houses and wash rooms, food safety laws and the establishment of the Metro Police Department
What do you see here? Where is this taking place? Who do you see in this picture? What do you think is happening? What are these people thinking?
Child Labor 1832: committee was set up to collect evidence about the treatment of children in factories Results shocked many members of the upper and middle classes 1833: Althorp’s Act: banned the employment of children under age 9 – Limited workday to 9 hours for children 9-13 and 12 hours for those 13-18 1842: Parliament prohibited mine owners from employing women, girls and boys under 10
Working Conditions and Wages Urbanization enabled workers to share ideas, discuss problems and identify as a group After 1824, labor unions began having meetings and formed trade unions 1868: five large unions came together to form common polices and the Trade Union Congress 1870: British unions finally won the right to strike Unions provided workers with strength through unity; an organized group had the power in the threat of a strike Unions also provided members with security measures like unemployment and retirement benefits – They fought for better wages, decreasing hours and improving working conditions – By 1871: 290K union members, by 1900: 2million by 1913: 4m
What are some of the different types of people you see in this image? Where is this taking place? What are the people on top doing? What are the people beneath doing? What is happening on the surface of the floor? What is the artist trying to say? What evidence do you have to support that?
Class Structure England did not have the release of noble lands and fortunes (like they did in much of Europe after the French Revolution) Instead, British nobility merged with the new wealthy industrialists – Wealth came from commercial and industrial sources – Consistent economic growth allowed some from much poorer backgrounds (usually those with some education) to rise through the class system However, for the vast majority, for the working class, their lot in life was cast in stone – They had no opportunity for wealth or to rise through the classes – The rich became richer on the backs of the workers, setting the stage for radical, revolutionary thought – By 1900, 25% of the population was living in dire poverty