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September 2, 2014 Judaism Power Point. Warm-Up September 2, 2014 1.In mountain regions such as the Atlas Mountains, the most common way to make the land.

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Presentation on theme: "September 2, 2014 Judaism Power Point. Warm-Up September 2, 2014 1.In mountain regions such as the Atlas Mountains, the most common way to make the land."— Presentation transcript:

1 September 2, 2014 Judaism Power Point

2 Warm-Up September 2, 2014 1.In mountain regions such as the Atlas Mountains, the most common way to make the land usable is to… A.pave roads to transport food B.carve terraces on which to farm C.build dams to create electricity D.create irrigation systems to water their crops 2. Why do most people living in a desert follow a nomadic lifestyle? A.because they prefer to live in one place year round B.because they follow the dry season C.because they don’t like to travel D.because they follow water and food supplies

3 Warm-Up September 2, 2014 1.In mountain regions such as the Atlas Mountains, the most common way to make the land usable is to… A.pave roads to transport food B.carve terraces on which to farm C.build dams to create electricity D.create irrigation systems to water their crops 2. Why do most people living in a desert follow a nomadic lifestyle? A.because they prefer to live in one place year round B.because they follow the dry season C.because they don’t like to travel D.because they follow water and food supplies

4 Focus Standard SS7G8.c Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity

5 Learning Questions What am I learning today? I am going to compare and contrast Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. What am I going to do today to learn? I will I will take notes and work in groups to create a poster on Judaism. How will I show that I learned it? I will complete a religion worksheet and poster on Judaism.

6 Mini Lesson: Review How does geography affect where people live, what they do for work and how they travel in the desert, oasis, river and mountains?

7 Success Starter What is Judaism?

8 Work Period You will complete the following tasks today. 1.Notes 2.Poster 3.Worksheet

9 One focus of Unit one is on the development and expansion of the world’s three major monotheistic religions. What is monotheism? The belief in just one God So... What do you think polytheism is (remember your stem words!) The belief in many gods—as in all of the ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Sumer Hale Bopp Comet over the Pyramids of Giza

10 Georgia Performance Standard SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia. Jerusalem: a holy city to all three religions

11 SS7G8c: Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion, and its foundation lies in the original covenant made between Abraham and God, circa 1900 BCE, when Abraham was called to leave his home in Ur and travel to Cannan (later known as Palestine and Israel). Abraham is regarded as the father of the Jewish people. Abraham is the father of the Israelites. It is with Abraham that God makes his covenant and promise. This is a stained glass window at St. Anne’s Belfast Cathedral in Northern Ireland.

12 SS7G8c: Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Jews believe God made a covenant with Abraham that his descendants would be God’s chosen people. In return they would have to keep God’s laws. God gave the Jewish people the 10 Commandants and other rules to live by (contained in the Torah, the first five books of the Bible), marking the beginning of Judaism as a structured religion. What is the Torah known as? The main religious text of the Jewish religion. The Torah scrolls that are read in a synagogue are unpointed text, with no vowels or musical notes, so the ability to read a passage from a scroll is a valuable skill, and usually requires a lot of practice

13 SS7G8c: Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Abraham’s descendants multiplied as the twelve tribes of Israel and entered Egypt, where they were eventually enslaved. Moses led the Jews out from captivity in Egypt. Jewish civilization after the exodus prospered in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, originally headed by powerful kings like Saul, David and Solomon, who built the first great temple in Jerusalem. What it may have been like fishing with Moses.

14 SS7G8c: Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. In 586 BCE, the Babylonians overran Jerusalem (the holy city of the Jews), taking many captives into exile and destroying the temple. The Babylonians were from the region known as Mesopotamia which literally means the land between two rivers. Can you name the two rivers in modern day Iraq where Mesopotamia was located? Do the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers sound familiar? A second temple was built when the Jews returned about 538 BCE, to be destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. The single wall that remains of the temple, called the Western Wall, is to this day the most sacred place of the Jews. Jews gather at the Western Wall, all that remains of the great temple at Jerusalem

15 Telling Time... By the way, what does BCE stand for and what did it replace? Before Common Era, which is the now politically correct term taking the place of BC (before Christ) What does CE stand for? You guessed it—Common Era which takes the place of AD. Did you know that AD is the acronym for the Latin term anno domini, which means in the year of our Lord in English?

16 So, with that in mind, how many years passed between 500 BCE and 100 BCE? 400! Ok, how about from 100 CE to 500 CE? 400! Hmmm... Ok, how about from 100 BCE to 500 CE? Did you guess 600? You’re right! If you have any problems, think of the timeline of history as a number line where BCE years are negatives, and CE years are the positive numbers.

17 SS7G8c: Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Some of the Jews exiled to Babylon migrated along trade routes further eastwards into central Asia, even reaching India and China. Under the Romans, Jews spread across the Roman Empire, and settled in many parts of Europe. Does anyone know what these exiles of the Jews from their holy land were called? The Diaspora The Romans destroyed the Jewish Temple in 70 A.D., beginning the second diaspora.

18 Jewish beliefs cont. The Torah consists of the five books revealed to Moses, also called the Pentateuch, and is the most important part of the Hebrew Bible. It tells the story of creation, the covenant with Abraham and the Exodus from Egypt. It also contains the details of the laws given to Moses, the Ten Commandments The name for a Jewish place of worship is a synagogue. The Hebrew word for God is Yahweh. The magnificent Great Synagogue of Budapest, Hungary.

19 Has anyone heard of these Jewish Holidays? Rosh Hashanah: The beginning of the Jewish New Year Yom Kippur: The Day of Atonement, the last 10 days of penitence which marks the opening of the New Year. Hanukkah: An eight day festival which commemorates the re-dedication of the temple in Jerusalem after expelling the occupying Syrians in 164 BCE Passover (Pesach): Week long memorial retelling the Israelites’ release from Egypt Bar Mitzvah: Coming of age for boys aged 13. In liberal traditions, an equivalent ceremony (Bat Mitzvah) is carried out for girls Shabbat (Sabbath): Day of rest, worship and fasting, from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday At the age of 13, a Jewish boy reads the Torah for the first time and promises to keep God's commandments

20 Closing September 2, 2014 Written Conversations- Each student begins the answer to a question or prompt posed by the teacher. Then after 1 or 2 minutes of writing, they exchange their papers (or pass them around). Then they spend 1-2 minutes responding to the writing/thinking on the paper they receive. Then they pass the paper the paper back (or on) and continue the process. Limit the time, using a timer or other signal, so students are always left thinking they have more to say.


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