Presentation on theme: "ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES"— Presentation transcript:
1ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES NE-DAYWORKSHOPISSUES, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIESByDr. Vincent K. Fabella
2Outline of Talk Workshop Objectives Status of K12 Impact of K12 on private educationCurrent remedies being consideredNext Actions: Results of the October 26, 2012 ADB-DepEd Meeting
3Objectives of the One-day Workshop Get the participants to understand PPP education models for Senior High School: ESC, vouchers, and concessions.Identify a range of costs/subsidies per student, as requested by the DepEd.Get to a short list of key factors and risk factors acceptable to the participants, to help DepEd develop a PPP model in more detail. Manny please fix to reflect Word document
5Status of K to12K + 12 Bill on “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2012” (House Bill 6643).Bill approved on second reading last October…just last November 19 it was approved for third and final reading.The government is ready to implement the K+12 program … DepED Secretary assurance.DepEd continues to address the lingering problems of shortage in classrooms, qualified teachers, sanitation facilities, textbooks, and school seats.
6UPDATE FROM K TO12 STEERING COMMITTEE Committee is composed of members from the DepED, CHED and TESDAResponsible for gathering necessary information that will supplement the queries on th proposed model opted to use “K to 12” which highlights not only the additional years in basic education but the design of the curriculum as well.
8Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Private Education Resource constraint issues for DepEd–Need for DepEd to meet classroom, building and teacher development demands• Shortages in Qualified teachers–These are only for Grades 1-10–These needs geometrically increase with introduction of Grades 11 and 12Sustainability Issues for Some Basic Education Schools–Private HS at capacity need to build to handle grades 11 and 12 (SHS)–Many HS don’t have finances or space to put up additional classrooms and resourcesOpportunities for Others–Build for 11 and 12; offer its services to others–Expand mission, through reaching out to more
9K+12 Financial ImpactAs the number of enrollees are expected to decline by 2016, the NPV of losses for private schools and colleges nationwide amounting to P158 billionLost cohorts during transitionSmaller incoming cohorts (reduction of 16%) due to grades 11 and 12)
10K+12 Employment ImpactThe potential displacement of college professors and tech-voc instructors during the introduction of senior high school from 2016 onwards.
143. Improve Student Financing Expanding ESCIntroducing a national student loan programstudent loans in the Philippines at close to zero penetration, compared to average of 38% in ASEAN countries2 bills now in the Senate (Angara) and the House (Romulo)Get % from Vincent
15PPP 4. PPPs in Education PUBLIC PRIVATE NEED classrooms, teachers and expertise for Grades 11 and 12PPPHAVE classrooms, teachers and expertise for Grades 11 and 12
164. PPPs in Education (Con’t) • DepEd in principle approves PPPs in education (K-12 Subcommittee on Transition looking into PPPs)PEAC Board Resolution No. Series of 2011 approved the creation of a FAPE Education PPP steering team to provide needed services and collaborate with DepED’s PPP technical working groups
17Proposed Timeframe 2012 2013 May to June July to November October November to DecemberJanuary to FebruaryMarch and DecemberOrganization of the FAPE Education PPP Steering Team.Team starts.Conduct of Small group consultations in coordination with DepED PPP Team and ADB EISDP TeamDepEd Roundtable MeetingRegional Conferences and Series of One-day WorkshopsCrafting of a proposed Education PPP Policy for DepED approvalCompletion of PPP policy by Philippine Government“Bidding” and private sector invitations hopefully by 2014Capacity-buildingPrivate sector PPP participants hopefully by Jan 2015Some discussion about early starts for PPPs
19October 26 DepEd Roundtable DepEd with assistance from ADB is now developing a PPP policy for education. Among the key activities areDesign an expanded ESC for Senior High SchoolReview PPP models for SHSESCVouchersConcessionsExamine price at which private sector will participateExamine capacity of private sector to absorb high school students
20PPPs in Education - Ongoing Next Actions:Consult with private schools and come up with price and capacity estimates
23Number of schools Participation rate 38,351 public elementary schools,7,268 high schoolsParticipation rate91 percent for elementary.62 percent for high schoolHow many senior high school students or enrollees is the DepEd expecting by 2016? Thirty-two percent of 1.1 million would be the yearly average.
272013 GASTPE Budget Php 7.0 billion in 2013 vs Php 6.3 billion in 2012 2013 budget sufficient for 1 million grantees.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
28Issues in the GASTPE Expansion Demand vs. Supply IssuesDistribution among schoolsAppropriate grantee selection processWill it increase enrollment in private schools?Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
29Government Objectives in Expanding GASTPE Decongest public schoolsMinimize cost of expanding education servicesImprove quality of education for beneficiariesImprove quality of education for non-beneficiaries by improving conditions in the public schools.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
30Wrong Grantee Selection Will Not Help Private Schools Inappropriate grantees are those students who would have enrolled in a private school, even without government subsidy.If subsidy is given to these students, the enrollment in private schools will not increase.The revenue to the school will remain the same. Gov’t subsidy will be enjoyed by private households.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
31if the Committee or the Department for that matter, has the formula as to how the senior high schools shall be allocated?
32those who can go to college under the new scheme must be a graduate of senior high school. paano ngayon iyong mga ibang barangay na may junior high school, walang senior high school? So, the problem of access is there. We will be back to square one, Mr. Speaker. So, my first question is, what is the formula in determining—in this high school, mayroon tayong senior,
33The DepEd will also be providing the voucher system and the service contracting to augment the deficiency of present existing facilities in areas that cannot provide, as you say, senior high school.senior high schools will be built in catchment areas so that graduates will have somewhere to go for the particular example that you have mentioned.
34The second question is, if you have a voucher, is the amount involved uniform? I mean, if not throughout the Philippines, at least, in specific localities or provinces. Kung uniform, ang ibig ko pong sabihin kung iyong isang voucher, for example, ang cost is P15,000 yearly, ito po ba ay P15,000 sa lahat?REP. OCAMPO. Mr. Speaker, at the moment, the Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education (GASTPE) costs the government P10,000 for the National Capital Region (NCR) and P6,500 for outside of Metro Manila. In the discussion regarding this matter, we were assured that the DepEd is studying the increase of the GASTPE subsidy for our students, in fact, to P22,000 per student in 2016 which is more than half of what they are providing for at the moment for this GASTPE subsidy.
35how is this public-private partnership program being done? that the public-private partnership program of the government will help solve the shortage of classrooms in our basic educational system. My question is:how is this PPP modality being done and implemented?How is the distribution of the school buildings being done—will it be concentrated in the urban centers like Metro Manila and others to the prejudice of the rural areas which need more of these classrooms as those in Metro Manila?The urban centers are being provided with assistance by the local government units which have some resources/some remittances to augment the funding of the Department of Education for the basic educational requirements of our students.
36Currently, the DepEd is mapping in the whole country through the regional directors, where is the acute need for classrooms. I would like to reiterate that by 2013, we would have built the 30,000 classrooms. The question of the Gentleman from Bohol is: What are the criteria in choosing where to build the new classrooms? It is entirely on a need basis. The DepEd will build the classrooms where there is a need.How is the PPP being done? What is the mode of repayment, et cetera?
37PPP, the initial areas that were chosen were Regions I, IV-A and III on a pilot basis….. P15 billion …. mode of repayment…10-year period…rate of interestThe program of the PPP is to build, lease and transfer. From the very start, it was already determined—what the cost would be to build these classrooms. Therefore, there will not be any fluctuation on the interest because the terms have been determined and agreed upon from the very start.The intention of the Department is to pay, to regularize one-third of the 22,000 kindergarten teachers by 2013 and, progressively, until we would have regularized the whole 22,000.
38The DepEd is ready and that is the reason we implemented the policy that for school year 2012 to 2013, Grade I and Grade VII will be using the new curriculum. By 2016, with the amount of P42.3 billion, increasing to P50 billion plus for 2017, projecting a high growth scenario and like I have earlier mentioned, we are going to address all the shortages in classrooms, teachers, seats, books and sanitation facilities before 2016.all gaps will be addressed by The creative programs of the DepEd in enlisting the support of all stakeholders in the Adopt-A-School program, the private sector, the LGU funds, the Special Education Fund from the LGU, the donor communities, the donor institutions and financial institutions, will help us address these gaps.
39Absorptive capacity of the DepEd has been questioned in terms of building the classrooms, providing the teachers and preparing the materials for the K to 12 Program.DepED’s commitment to bridge the gap in classrooms, teachers, seats, textbooks and sanitation facilities by 2014.We started with the implementation of the PPP that commits P15 billion over a period of 10 years to deliver 9,000 classrooms.Question of readiness and preparedness of DepED in collaboration with stakeholders in implementing K to 12.absorptive capacity of the system
40Number of schools38,351 public elementary schools,7,268 high schoolsParticipation rate91 percent for elementary.62 percent for high schoolhow many senior high school students or enrollees is the DepEd expecting by 2016? Thirty-two percent of 1.1 million would be the yearly average.
41CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES (PESA) In this regard, the education system needs to have sufficient classrooms ready at the opening of school year to pave the way for the universalization of kindergarten.DepEd plans to pass on K+12 smoothly into the next administration in2016 when the first batch of senior students enroll in senior high or Grades 11 to 12.Through this program, DepEd will have to overhaul the curriculum and solve the shortages of teachers, classrooms, textbooks, and other problems.While the government is convinced that this is a necessary and a long-overdue step, notwithstanding its obstacles mainly in the financing of education, some quarters believes otherwise. Hence, there is a need for a continuous monitoring and evaluation of the program as it progresses and casts the net as wide as possible in consulting key sectors as it is the biggest education reform that will be undertaken.
42School-community partnerships on the ground have shown the way forward in making schools perform better.Government and the private sector must ensure that these islands of excellence become the norm for all by scaling up these successful initiatives.
43Public-Private Partnerships or PPPs must indeed become part of our education reform effort. As PBEd and others stakeholders of private education has done, FAPE also commits to facilitating, encouraging, initiating and seeing through such partnerships.
482013 GASTPE Budget Php 7.0 billion in 2013 vs Php 6.3 billion in 2012 2013 budget sufficient for 1 million grantees.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
49Issues in the GASTPE Expansion Demand vs. Supply IssuesDistribution among schoolsAppropriate grantee selection processWill it increase enrollment in private schools?Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
50Government Objectives in Expanding GASTPE Decongest public schoolsMinimize cost of expanding education servicesImprove quality of education for beneficiariesImprove quality of education for non-beneficiaries by improving conditions in the public schools.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
51Wrong Grantee Selection Will Not Help Private Schools Inappropriate grantees are those students who would have enrolled in a private school, even without government subsidy.If subsidy is given to these students, the enrollment in private schools will not increase.The revenue to the school will remain the same. Gov’t subsidy will be enjoyed by private households.Source: Usec Varela’s PPt Presentation: “Enriching PPP in Education”
53Sagip Eskwela (Save School) Major Programs Involving Private Sector and Civil Societyin the Provision of Critical School Resources,ProgramDescriptionManagementContributionsLegal Basis/ SustainabilityAdopt-a-SchoolEstablished through the Adopt-a-School Act of 1998, serves as an invitation and campaign for private entities to become active partners in the delivery of basic education services by giving assistance inthe provision of classrooms, among others -launched in 2000The program is managed by a Secretariat attached to the Office of theSecretary of DepEdClassroomsDesks, textbooks,teacher training,food and nutritionsupplementsFounded on a law; but the DepEd should sustain efforts to bring in private sector and to intensify advocacy to appeal to them based on the framework of corporate social responsibilitySagip Eskwela (Save School)Started in 2004, brings in cash donation from various private organizations and individuals for the construction of new classrooms and repair of school buildings damaged by typhoon and other calamitiesManaged by the Adopt-a-School SecretariatClassroomconstruction andrepairPursuant to Adopt-a-School Law. Sustainability dependson DepEd leadershipBrigada EskwelaStarted in 2002, the nationwide mobilization activity is community-led program that involves parents and other members of the Community to give in-kind contributions (e.g., labor, cleaning instruments, plants, etc.) to repair classroom and furniture as well as other contributions to improve the school environment at the beginning of every school year.Classroom andschool furniturerepair, provision ofcleaninginstruments,building and repairmaterialsPresidential MemorandumOrder No. 170 (2005)institutionalization of National Maintenance week as a special week for Brigada EskwelaOperation Barrio School - Federation of Filipino-Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Inc. (FFCCCII)Through its Operation Barrio School, the Federation of Filipino-Chinese Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FFCCCI) is building 2,500 schools in poor areas throughout the Philippines.FFCCCII builds and then turn the school building over to DepEdTwo-classroomschool buildingconstructionPursuant to Adopt-a-SchoolLawClassroom Galing sa Mamamayang Pilipino Abroad (CGMA) – Classrooms from Filipinos OverseasThrough the Department of Labor and Employment the Classroom Galing Sa Mamayang Pilipino Abroad (CGMA) project solicits support from Filipinos to build10,000 classrooms in identified priority elementary and secondary schools across the Philippines. The initiative began in 2003.Implemented in cooperationwith the DOLEOWWADOLE Department Order 170 (2005)
54K to 12 ReformThe K to 12 Reform underpins the over-all strategies of DepED to improve the basic education sector. (Usec. Varela)Address basic inputs and wipe out shortagesImprove the quality of teachersStrengthen school-based managementReform the curriculumPromote good education governance
55DepED has made significant progress in closing the input gaps From June 2010 to Octoberaround 27,000 classrooms were built;more than 29,000 new teacher items were created and hired;millions of textbooks and chairs were procured and delivered to our schools.By the end of the school year, the DepEd’s goal is that there will be no more shortages of chairs and textbooks.
56DepED has made significant progress in closing the input gaps By the end of 2013, the DepEd targets to eliminate all deficits in classrooms, water and sanitation facilities and teacher items, a first for our country since World War II.The estimated cost of a five-year period to transition to a 12-year system is around P150 billion, or P30 billion a year.
57K to 12 ImpactsTo implement K to 12, the DepEd would need the amount of P46.2 billion, and for 2017, the amount of P51 billion…to build the classrooms, fund the teacher-requirement, the books, the laboratory equipment and others.the initiative of the DepEd, and the strides that our Secretary of Education is doing, in involving and encouraging the participation of the private sector and the other sectors of society, and through private-public partnerships, we will close the gap for school building deficits by 2013.
58K to 12 ImpactsK to 12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth. K to 12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.