Presentation on theme: "دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية)"— Presentation transcript:
1 دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية) الجامعة الإسلامية – غزة كـــلـــيـــــة الـــتــربــيـةقسـم التـدريب الـميـدانيDay 1دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية)إعداد/ أ. هاني علي الحلومشرف اللغة الإنجليزية/ مديرية غرب غزة
2 Planning lessonsThe objectives of these meetings are to help you realize the value of planning lessons, 2- gain an awareness of the elements common to good lesson plans, and 3- create your own lesson plan "skeleton" or framework
3 To help you accomplish these objectives these meetings will take you through a number of different activities Day 1 1- What is a lesson plan? 2- Why plan? (Benefits of planning) 3- What are the principles of planning? 4- Problems as a result of not using lesson plan Day 2 5- "Documents the teacher needs to check before planning 7- Lesson plan
4 Day 3 1- What are lesson aims. 2- Why is setting lesson aims important Day 3 1- What are lesson aims? 2- Why is setting lesson aims important? 3- Nonfunctional verbs 4- Bloom Taxonomy Classification 5- Objectives for reading comprehension lessons 6- Learning Objectives for Listening, speaking and writing skills
5 1-What is a lesson plan A lesson plan is a framework for a lesson. A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of an individual lesson.A lesson plan is a framework for a lesson.If you imagine that a lesson is like a journey, then the lesson plan is the map. It shows where you start, where you finish and the route to take to get there.
6 2-Why plan? I don’t have time to plan. I think it’s important to have aims.I never stick to plans.I don’t have time to plan.The textbook is my plan.Planning helps me teach more effectivelyI don’t do detailed plans, but I make rough notes.
7 2-Benefits of planningLessons that are well planned are more likely to help students and teachers ...Avoid unpleasant surprisesAchieve their objectivesAllows the teacher to prepare for every step of the teaching process in advance.Save your class if for some reason you can't be there to teach. The lesson plan will provide valuable guidance for the substitute teacher.
8 - Allows good, reflective teachers to go back, analyze their own teaching (what went well, what didn't), andimprove on it in the futureSaves your time in the future. When you teach similar lessons you can refer back to your old lesson planProvides a framework for organizing ideas, methodology and materials.Helps make the lesson coherent.
9 Increases teacher confidence Helps to identify any problems or difficulties which may arise during the lessonHelps to identify the kinds of activities and materials to include to achieve aimsDevelopmental – a learning document for teachers to reflect on after the lessonIn sum...Although it requires an investment of time and energy, lesson planning produces many valuable benefits.
10 3-What are the principles of planning? A- Aims and objectivesOne of the main principles of planning is establishing clear aims for your lesson.It is important that aims are realistic. If the subject is too difficult, then students can become frustrated and lose motivation.However, if the subject is too easy, the students may become bored. So it is important when planning to think about your particular class.
11 You may find it useful to bear these points in mind: • What do the students know already? If you are planning to introduce completely new language items allow more time than if you are revising or extending a topic the class are already familiar with. • What do the students need to know? If the students are studying for an exam, for example, then you may need to focus on different skills and language than for a general English class. Do your aims suit that need? • What did you do with the students in their previous class? balance of skills work, with listening, reading and writing practice as well as activities for speaking. • How well do the class work together? • How motivated are the students?
12 B- VarietyAs we have seen, it is important to try and keep the students engaged and interested. Providing variety in a lesson is a way of achieving this interest.Repeating the same kinds of exercises can become de-motivating for students. Where possible it’s a good idea to try to vary the kinds of activities, materials and interactions.
13 C- FlexibilityHowever well you plan, you never actually know exactly what’s going to happen in a class until it happens! Exercises may take longer or shorter than expected. The students may be more or less interested in a topic than you imagined. Something unexpected may happen during the lesson.In these cases if the teacher sticks to his plan, the careful preparation may actually have a negative effect.Careful planning is very important but teachers need to be able to adapt their plan during the lesson to suit the circumstances.
14 4-Problems as a result of not using lesson plan Here are some problems that we noticed:* If you don't plan your lesson properly you may fall into several traps:* Your teaching may wander without achieving its objective and you may never achieve the objectives of the course.* You may come to teach and find that you didn't bring the necessary materials or equipment.* What you teach may not relate to what you taught earlier and it may not lead to what you will teach later.
15 In sum,Lack of planning can lead to the following consequences:- Poor or reduced learning,- Frustration (for both the teacher and the students), and- A waste of time, effort and money
16 دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية) الجامعة الإسلامية – غزة كـــلـــيـــــة الـــتــربــيـةقسـم التـدريب الـميـدانيDay 2دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية)إعداد/ أ. هاني علي الحلومشرف اللغة الإنجليزية/ مديرية غرب غزةReferences:1- The British Council, 2008, Teaching English – TKT Essentials Module 2-Individual lessons.2- Scrivener, J Learning Teaching. A guidebook for English language teachers. Heinemann3- Mitchell, et al , Exploring and Teaching the English Language Arts (4th Ed.). Boston,4- Ministry of Education, 1995, Training course for novice teachers
18 5-Documents the teacher needs to check before planning a lesson 1) The teacher's guide 1- It contains the distribution of the unit's activities into lessons. 2- It helps the teacher to presents the activity. 3- It is a source of key answers and listening texts
19 While checking the student's book the teacher needs to make sure that: If the student's book is based on the approach you prefer?Is it visually alive and well-presentedDoes it have good pictures?Is the vocabulary useful and in current use?Is the structure grading?Are all the students having the book?
20 3) The workbook : The teacher becomes aware of the workbook activity distribution onto the different lessons of the unit. - It helps in dealing with the students book. 4) The CD or Flash : - It helps in listening to native speakers. 5) Other materials : - Is there a story book, supplementary materials, dictionary or laptop, video, etc
21 6-Daily lesson Plan The table of content: 1-Learning Objectives: 2- New language:3- Resources:4-Pre-requisite:5-Warming up:6-Presentation7-Summative evaluation:8-Homework :9-Rounding up:
23 6-Daily lesson PlanThe daily plan usually begins with the table of content that includes:1-Learning Objectives:What is meant by " learning objectives"?The expected outcomes in students' behaviors after having a certain experience. They have to be SMART.
24 What's meant by SMART? SMART Specific Achievable Realistic Timing Measurable
25 2- New language:It is the new language to be taught. It includes :-New vocabulary.-New structures.-New functions.
26 3- Resources:It is the teaching aids, the audio visual materials the teacher is going to use to facilitate his job and achieve his objectives. The time the teacher decides to use certain aids, he should1-Try the material before using it in the classroom.2-Choose easy done, safe, cheap and clear materials.3-Use the audio-visual material for purpose not as time fillers.4-Decide when and how to use the teaching aid.There are variety of these materials, the teacher should be clever in choosing the appropriate materials that facilitates not hinders the teaching learning process. Teachers can use:[ pictures –Realia – flash cards –drawing– video films – handouts – miming – acting – gestures etc]
27 4-Pre-requisite:It's the previous experience that relates to the objectives the teacher is going to achieve.It's previous words or structures that pave the way for the new lesson. The teacher should be very careful in choosing the appropriate pre-requisite materials.Advice for using a Pre-requisite:1-It's important to know that each activity should have its own pre-requisite especially if it includes new language.2-The teacher should employ different techniques to present this phase. Variety is required.3-The teacher should revise active words and structure and never revise every thing.
28 5-Warming up:It is the phase that aims at tuning students' ears to the English lesson to create a friendly atmosphere between the teacher and the students.It can be defined as a switch on of the English mood and a switch off of the Arabic mood.It is a transition period where teachers try to melt the ice and build familiarity.
29 Warming up, Why?1- It plays an important role in breaking ice.2- It motivates students to participate.3-It creates a pleasant atmosphere to acquire language.4-It helps engaging the students' feelings and minds.Warming up, How ?Different techniques can be used to warm students up in this phase, variety is required.The teacher should vary between using jokes, riddles that can motivate students towards positive participation in the new lesson.
30 6-PresentationIt is the process of presenting the new language( vocabulary – structure – functions) using different techniques that help students to acquire language.This process includes:1-Revising related language items.2-Presenting the new language ( using different techniques )3-Mechanical practice for drilling the new language .4-Controlled practice where the teacher controls the students' performance through certain prepared activities. ( SB – WB activities ).5-Free practice where the teacher guides the students' performance through certain prompts.
31 7-Summative evaluation: What is meant by Summative evaluation?It is an overall evaluation process. The teacher use summative evaluation at the end of the period to make sure that students have acquired the new language presented throughout the lesson.It is advisable to use authentic summative evaluation to give the students the opportunity to use new language for real personal purposes in a communicative way.
32 8-Homework : The characteristics of the homework activity : What is homework?It is considered an integrated part of the lesson to reinforce the learnt language and to increase the students' time of practicing the new learnt language.How should homework be?The characteristics of the homework activity :1-It should be demonstrated in advance.2-It should be easy, authentic, short and within students' abilities.3-It should stimulate students' towards research.4- It should reinforce the learnt language.
33 9-Rounding up: What is rounding up? It is a conclusion phase that summarize the lesson. It's essential to help students organize their thoughts and what they have learnt.The teacher should vary his techniques for rounding up his lesson, from eliciting the meaning of the learnt vocabulary, drilling the words, summarizing the reading passage to singing the words, matching the words with pictures or stimulating students to use the new structure to express themselves.
34 دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية) الجامعة الإسلامية – غزة كـــلـــيـــــة الـــتــربــيـةقسـم التـدريب الـميـدانيDay 3دورة فن تحضير دروس (لغة إنجليزية)إعداد/ أ. هاني علي الحلومشرف اللغة الإنجليزية/ مديرية غرب غزة
35 1- What are lesson aims. 2- Why is setting lesson aims important 1- What are lesson aims? 2- Why is setting lesson aims important? 3- Nonfunctional verbs 4- Bloom Taxonomy Classification 5- Learning Objectives for Listening, speaking and writing skills 6- Objectives for reading comprehension lessons
36 1-What are lesson aims? Lesson aims are: Statements which describe what learners will know or be able to do at the end of the lesson.A focus on what learners will learn rather than what teachers will teach.“A statement of what students ought to be able to do as a consequence of instruction”.- Learning objectives should be defined with “action verbs,” to describe knowledge, skills, and values that students should acquire.
37 2-Why setting lesson aims is important? Lesson aims are important because they 1- provide a purpose and direction for teaching and learning 2- enable teachers to focus on what their learners need to achieve 3- provide a framework for the lesson 4- help teachers to select appropriate materials and activities 5- help teachers to anticipate possible problems and build in solutions
38 3-Nonfunctional verbs-The following verbs cannot be measured. They should be avoided when writing objectives.Nonfunctional verbsshows interest inknowhave knowledge ofwill be able tomemorizeunderstand
40 5-Learning Objectives for Listening, speaking and writing skills A-Learning Objectives for Listening skills1. show interest in what is said2. anticipate and predict the speaker's message and meaning3. follow the sequence of ideas expressed by identifying the speaker's key idea4. Create visual images5. Draw conclusions based on evidence in presentation6. Identify ideas expressed as true or false, real or imaginary
41 B-Learning Objectives for speaking skills 1. Use talk to explore ideas and understanding2. Use talk to express feelings, ideas, and opinions3. Use talk to share ideas and information in one-to-one, small group, and large group discussions Speak to describe a person or place5. Speak to narrate incident from experience6. Speak to support a viewpoint
42 C-Learning Objectives for writing skills 1. record understanding by creating pictures .2. use the vocabulary of _____ (shapes, colors, etc.) to describe _____ (flowers, etc.)3. explain the meaning of the word(s): _____.4. re-tell in his/her own words _____.5. re-tell in his/her own words _____.
43 6-Objectives for reading comprehension lessons Reading comprehension can be classified into four levelsThe literal level1. identify direct ideas from the reading text.2. identify numbers, names, places or times in the reading text.3. locate specific information in the reading text.4. give facts or details directly from the passage as they read.The interpretive level1. interpret the meaning of words and concepts.2. use the context to help guess the meanings of unfamiliar words.3. select the topic sentence of a paragraph.4. identify the main idea or the essential message of a passage.
44 The critical level1. judge things. "Do you think that … is suitable? Why? Why not?2. determine whether the ideas are true or false according to guided standard.3. decide that the statement is fact or opinion.4. say his point of view towards the text.The creative level1. draw a new titles for the text.2. reformulation of ideas in a new way.3. Derive the meaning from the language.4. Discuss why he/she thinks certain events happen.
45 - Anderson, L. W. 1994, Bloom's Taxonomy: A forty-year retrospective. References:- The British Council, TeachingEnglish-TKT. Essentials Module 2 –Aims- Anderson, L. W. 1994, Bloom's Taxonomy: A forty-year retrospective.- Harmer, J. (2001). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Reading Process (3rd ed.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited.