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© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 1 3GPP Standards Update 3GPP Standards Update Adrian Scrase Head of 3GPP Mobile Competence Centre
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 2 The role of 3GPP GSM, GPRS, EDGE, W-CDMA, HSPA and LTE are all [RAN] Technologies specified by 3GPP Core network and Systems architecture evolution have kept pace The 3GPP Organizational Partners are Regional and National Standards Bodies; Companies participate through their membership of one of these 6 Partners
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 3 3GPP Membership 378 Organisations (November 2010)
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 4 Where the work is done Meeting Delegates* by region (June 2010): * Participants in TSG and WG meetings over the last year Plenary meetings every 3 months, approve specifications and the Freezing of 3GPP Releases The 50 th TSG Plenary will be in Istanbul in December 2010
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard Spanning the Generations GPP Specified Radio Interfaces 2G radio: GSM, GPRS, EDGE 3G radio: WCDMA, HSPA, LTE 4G radio: LTE Advanced 3GPP Core Network 2G/3G: GSM core network 3G/4G: Evolved Packet Core (EPC) 3GPP Service Layer GSM services IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Multimedia Telephony (MMTEL) Support of Messaging and other OMA functionality Emergency services and public warning Etc. “ ”
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 6 3GPP Evolution Radio Interfaces Higher Data Throughput Lower Latency More Spectrum Flexibility Improved CAPEX and OPEX IP Core Network Support of non-3GPP Accesses Packet Only Support Improved Security Greater Device Diversity Service Layer More IMS Applications (MBMS, PSS, mobile TV now IMS enabled) Greater session continuity “ ”
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard Building on Releases 7 Release 10 LTE-Advanced meeting the requirements set by ITU’s IMT-Advanced project. Also includes quad-carrier operation for HSPA+. Release 99: Enhancements to GSM data (EDGE). Majority of deployments today are based on Release 99. Provides support for GSM/EDGE/GPRS/WCDMA radio-access networks. Release 4: Multimedia messaging support. First steps toward using IP transport in the core network. Release 5: HSDPA. First phase of Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Full ability to use IP-based transport instead of just Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) in the core network. Release 6: HSUPA. Enhanced multimedia support through Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Services (MBMS). Performance specifications for advanced receivers. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) integration option. IMS enhancements. Initial VoIP capability. Release 7: Evolved EDGE. Specifies HSPA+, higher order modulation and MIMO. Performance enhancements, improved spectral efficiency, increased capacity, and better resistance to interference. Continuous Packet Connectivity (CPC) enables efficient “always-on” service and enhanced uplink UL VoIP capacity, as well as reductions in call set-up delay for Push-to-Talk Over Cellular (PoC). Radio enhancements to HSPA include 64 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in the downlink DL and 16 QAM in the uplink. Also includes optimization of MBMS capabilities through the multicast/broadcast, single-frequency network (MBSFN) function. Release 8: HSPA Evolution, simultaneous use of MIMO and 64 QAM. Includes dual- carrier HSPA (DC-HSPA) wherein two WCDMA radio channels can be combined for a doubling of throughput performance. Specifies OFDMA-based 3GPP LTE. Defines EPC. Release 9: HSPA and LTE enhancements including HSPA dual-carrier operation in combination with MIMO, EPC enhancements, femtocell support, support for regulatory features such as emergency user- equipment positioning and Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS), and evolution of IMS architecture. Text adapted from 3G Americas White Paper, September 2010
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 8 Evolving EDGE GERAN H(e)NB Enhancements (Release 9) Voice services over Adaptive Multi-user channels on One Slot (VAMOS) (Release 9) GERAN Improvements for Machine Type Communications GERAN/E-UTRAN Inter-working Multicarrier and Multi-RAT BTS Local call local switch (Release 10 onwards) Conformance Test development
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 9 Evolving HSPA Improved spectrum efficiency (modulation 16QAM, Reduced radio frame lengths New functionalities within radio networks (incl.re-transmissions between NodeB and the Radio Network Controller) Latency reduced (100ms for HSDPA and 50ms for HSUPA) 3GPP R5 & R7 added MIMO antenna and 16QAM (Uplink)/ 64QAM (Downlink) modulation
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 10 3GPP LTE Release 8 Broadband data throughput Downlink target 3-4 times greater than HSDPA Release 6 Uplink target 2-3 times greater than HSUPA Release 6 Increased cell edge bit rates Downlink: 70% of the values at 5% of the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) Uplink: same values at 5% of the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) Significantly reduced latency High mobility Significantly reduced CAPEX and OPEX 10
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 11 Continuing femtocell integration Added functionality, broadens LTE deployment scenarios Feeding back results from first LTE deployments Emergency user-equipment positioning and Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS) Further evolution of IMS architecture. Work on integrating non-LTE technologies 3GPP LTE Release 9
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 12 LTE network commitments
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard LTE-Advanced LTE Release 8 can meet most requirements of IMT-Advanced. Two additional improvements to LTE performance needed: Wider bandwidth To improve peak data rate and spectrum flexibility Spectrum/carrier aggregation based on component carrier(CC) concept to keep backward compatibility and allow smooth network migration Support of maximum 5 component carriers Each component carrier has a bandwidth defined in Release 8/9 Intra-band contiguous(, intra-band non-contiguous) and inter-band non-contiguous aggregation RRC management of primary and secondary component carriers per UE Dynamic cross-carrier scheduling by MAC Specified under the work item, “Carrier aggregation for LTE” Advanced MIMO techniques To improve peak data rate and cell/cell-edge spectrum efficiency Up to 8-layers for DL and 4-layers for UL Dynamic SU/MU-MIMO switching Support 4 spatial layers for MU-MIMO with maximum 2 layers per user Improved CSI feedback using double codebook structure Dedicated reference signal structure to support advanced precoding New codebook for 2Tx and 4Tx uplink MIMO Specified under the work items, “Enhanced Downlink Multiple Antenna Transmission for LTE” and “UL multiple antenna transmission for LTE” 13
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard LTE-Advanced Other improvements in LTE Release 10 are set to improve LTE performance even further: Heterogeneous network T o improve cell-edge user throughput, coverage and deployment flexibility Interference coordination for overlaid deployment of cells with different Tx power Sspecified under the work item, “Enhanced ICIC for non-CA based deployments of heterogeneous networks for LTE” Relaying To improve coverage and cost effective deployment Type 1 relay node terminating up to layer 3, which can be seen Release 8 eNodeB from Release 8 LTE terminal To be specified under the work item, “ Relays for LTE” Coordinated multipoint transmission and reception (CoMP) To improve cell-edge user throughput, coverage To be studied under the study item, “Coordinated Multi-Point Operation for LTE” LTE Self Optimising Networks (SON) Enhancements HNB and HeNB mobility enhancements 14
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 15 LTE-Advanced Timeline LTE-Advanced is the 3GPP submission for the ITU’s IMT-Advanced system Study Item, “LTE-Advanced” approved in 3GPP- Mar 2008 LTE-Advanced Requirements (TR ) - Jun 2008 LTE-Advanced “Early Submission” made to ITU-R- Sep 2008 “Complete Technology Submission” to ITU-R- Jun 2009 “Final submission” to ITU-R - Oct 2009 Evaluation Process “Final Decision” by ITU-R - Oct 2010 Completion of LTE-Advanced specifications by 3GPP- Mar 2011
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 16 Spectrum Additional spectrum can be added to the specifications as required (eg. 3500MHz currently being added) 16 Re-farming 900/1800MHz GSM bands are attracting a lot of attention, as “spectrum re- farming” in those bands is seen as one way to allow the roll out of mobile broadband services. (See 3GPP TS )
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 17 Machine Type Communications Work started on this in Rel MTC Features identified Low Mobility Time Controlled Time Tolerant Packet Switched (PS) Only Small Data Transmissions Mobile Originated Only Infrequent Mobile Terminated In Rel 10, 3GPP will focus on the general functionality required to support these features Overload control (Radio Network Congestion use case, Signalling Network Congestion use case and Core Network Congestion use case) Addressing Identifiers Subscription control Security MTC Monitoring Priority Alarm Message (PAM) Secure Connection Location Specific Trigger Network Provided Destination for Uplink Data Infrequent Transmission Group Based MTC Features
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 18 Convergence (Scale) Machine-to-machine Intelligent Transport Systems Smart Grids Smart Cards, eCommerce, USB, High Speed Interface mHealth RFID Multi-Standard Radio (MSR- BS) 18
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 19 Convergence (Technology) CDMA Development Group (CDG) join 3GPP as a Market Representation Partner (MRP) TD-SCDMA Forum pave the way for TD-LTE in China Public Safety Agencies announce that LTE meets their requirements (See APCO, NENA, NPSTC Announcements)Announcements 2010 – 3GPP is working with Broadband Forum to support FMC using 3GPP EPC 3GPP LTE is a point of convergence, to unite the world’s operators on a common technology platform
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard 20 Conclusions 3GPP LTE is set to be the major enabler for mobile broadband EDGE and HSPA remain hugely successful Industrial input to the standards process is of an unprecedented level The first commercial LTE Networks have been launched based on 3GPP Release 8 and R9 LTE-Advanced will enable new services & innovation beyond 3GPP Release 10 3GPP LTE is an evolution path which unites the GSM/UMTS, TD- LTE and CDMA families as well as the fixed/mobile communities 20
© 3GPP Africa Com, Cape Town, November 2010 THE Mobile Broadband Standard Thank You 21
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