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The SUPERCOMET Project – developing new educational material for upper secondary physics Vegard Engstrøm, M.Sc. Lars Meisingseth.

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Presentation on theme: "The SUPERCOMET Project – developing new educational material for upper secondary physics Vegard Engstrøm, M.Sc. Lars Meisingseth."— Presentation transcript:

1 The SUPERCOMET Project – developing new educational material for upper secondary physics Vegard Engstrøm, M.Sc. Lars Meisingseth Simplicatus AS Sara Ciapparelli ITC ’Enrico Tosi’

2 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 2 SUPERCOMET project SUPERCOnductivity Multimedia Educational Tool Computer application + teacher guide/seminar From December 2001 to June/December 2004 € budget, 75% support from EU LdV 3 universities (Trondheim, London, Ljubljana) 2 upper secondary schools (Trondh., Busto A.) 1 scientific publishing house (Zanichelli Ed.) 1 science communication company

3 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 3 SUPERCOMET II Follow-up project Dissemination, further development Partners in countries –Teacher education institutions (develop and adapt teacher seminar + teacher guide) –Secondary schools (develop application contents, classroom testing, seminar testing)

4 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 4 SUPERCOMET products Computer application –CD-ROM or download, SCORM compatible modules –Produced by Simplicatus AS Teacher guide –Booklet with pages per language –Published by Zanichelli Editore, Spa Teacher seminar –8 hours in-service training –Developed and tested by University of Ljubljana 4 languages (English, Italian, Norwegian, Slovene)

5 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 5 Physics curricula Superconductivity not mentioned at all Understanding superconductivity requires concepts from many topics: –Energy conversion, heat and temperature –Particle model of matter, solid state physics –Electricity –Magnetism –Mechanics

6 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 6 Computer application Modules with selected curriculum topics Superconductivity - history and applications Interactive animations enhance understanding Virtual Laboratories let pupils experiment Scenarios let pupils take on different roles Electronic version of teacher guide Search engine, quizzes, glossary, FAQ, tip box Links to web resources and literature references

7 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 7 Teacher guide Technical information for the CD-ROM Connection with national curricula Motivation for choosing superconductivity Pedagogical aspects of using ICT Overview of physics/superconductivity modules Overview of virtual laboratories and scenarios Sample lessons

8 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 8 Teacher seminar Get acquainted with computer application Introduction to and motivation for choosing superconductivity Pedagogical aspects and motivation for using ICT in physics teaching Demonstrations, a sample lesson

9 1933: Meissner effect Superconductors have two remarkable attributes. One is the ability to conduct electric current with zero resistance. This was discovered by H. K. Onnes in The other ability has to do with magnetic fields, and was discovered in 1933 by Walter Meissner and Robert Ochsenfeld in Germany. When a material becomes superconducting, it ejects any magnetic field lines that would normally go straight through it. We say that it has zero magnetic permeability. Ferromagnetic materials, like iron, have very high magnetic permeability. Magnetic field lines can be packed closely in iron in order to make it a powerful magnet. The Meissner effect is exactly the opposite of ferromagnetism – a superconductor with no magnetic field is practically “anti-magnetic” – it will be repelled by a magnet no matter what pole that faces the superconductor, unlike any other material. Hence a superconductor exhibits perfect diamagnetism. Year

10 Year T(K) Hg 1911 NbN Nb 19?? Nb 3 Sn 19?? Nb 3 Ge 19?? LaBaCuo 1986 Y BCO (LBCO) 1987 TlBaCaCuO 1988 HgBaCaCuO 1993 & 1994 = under pressure Pb HTS

11  Scenario description  Choose goals  Research  Documentation  Discussion/Presentation  Choose your role Please read about all the different phases of the scenario work before you start doing the research. 1 Scenario Overview: Energy Crisis

12 The journalist communicates information and news through media like the radio, television, newspapers or the Internet. The work involves getting information from people from all layers of society, as well as seeking out events to describe them. Written sources are used to collect background material and information. The journalist analyses the information at hand and highlights the aspects of a case the recipients find interesting. Today, mass media play an important part in society. The value of information has increased drastically in the last decades. The way a journalist chooses to describe a case can have a huge impact on peoples’ opinion. The journalist

13 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 13 Computer application  Interactive (learning by doing)  Animated (better understanding of concepts)  Differentiated (designed for different cultures)  Relevant (to syllabus/curriculum topics)  Motivating (physics has developed)  Meaningful (everyone should learn something)

14 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 14 Learning aims Theory is related to evidence Uses of physics phenomena Technological implications of discovery Communicate scientific ideas Relationship between physics and everyday life Connections between fields of physics The process of gaining new scientific data

15 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 15 School curricula focus on ”ancient physics” –Newton, Kepler, Bernoulli, Einstein, Planck Little connection between different topics: –e.g. mechanics and electricity –e.g. thermophysics and mechanics SUPERCOMET explores the connections –between subject areas themselves –between subject areas and superconductivity Physics curricula

16 SUPERCOMET, MPTL 8, Page 16 Superconductivity Prime example of contemporary physics Connects with all parts of the curriculum HTS time scale  lifetime of the students –High Temperature Superconductivity disc. in 1986 –Organic Superconductors discovered in 1979 –Low Temperature Superconductivity disc. in 1911 Many useful applications today –Industry, medicine, transportation  Exciting future!


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