Contents: ICAO ADS-B activity at global level: AN – Conf/11 and AN-Conf/12 on ADS-B; SARPs, PANS, Doc developed by Panels. APAC Regional ADS-B Actitives: APANPIRG - ADS-B SITF & SEA/BOB ADS-B WG DGCA Conf/ APAC
Today: some 2.7 Billion PAX annually 2030: 5 billion. Current 25 million departure will increase to 50 million Departure APA TFG: Intra-APAC: PAX Traffic 5.9 & passenger a/c movement 5.6 percent : CHALLENGES:
Strategy and Activities Challenges result in APAC Regional Surveillance Strategy development and regularly updated; Experience in the initial implementation from States has been shared and distributed to States; Initial plan with implementation Target in December 2013 with Australia and few trunk ATS routes in SCS; BOB looking for 2015 as target date for ADS-B initial implementation; AN Conf11/2003 and AN Conf/ pave the way; DGCA Conf./APANPIRG provide guidance and support for ADS-B implementation in the APAC Region.
AN Conf/11 on New Global ATM Concept and ADS-B (2003) a)Recognize ADS-B as an enabler of the global ATM operational concept brining substantial safety and capacity benefits. Adopted the Concept of use; b) support early implementation of packages of ground and airborne ADS-B applications, noting the early achievable benefits from new ATM applications; and c) ensure that implementation of ADS-B harmonized, compatible and interoperable with respect to operational procedures supporting data link and ATM applications.
AN Conf/11 Supported Mode S ES for near term
AN CONF/12 – ADOPTED NEW GANP to include ASBU a) AN Conf/12 adopted the revised GANP to include ASBU which will be reviewed by ANC in March 2013 and approved by Council in April 2013 and then for endorsement by ICAO Assembly/38 in November 2013; b) According AN Conf/12 Rec. 6/1, States and Regions are expected to complete transition to ASBU oriented Planning; Implementation and Monitoring by May 2014; c) In ASBU Block Zero ( ) has ADS- B related module – Module 084.
8 Module N° B0-84 Initial Capability for Ground-based Cooperative Surveillance Summary This module provides initial capability for lower cost ground surveillance supported by new technologies such as ADS-B OUT and wide area multilateration systems Main Performance ImpactKPA- 02 Capacity, KPA-03 Efficiency, KPA-09 Predictability KPA- 10 Safety Operating Environment/Phases of Flight All airborne flight phases in continental or subsets of oceanic airspace and on aerodrome surfaces Applicability ConsiderationsThis capability is characterized by being dependent and non- cooperative/Independent and cooperative. The overall performance is affected by ADS-B out performance and equipage. Global Concept Component(s) CM – Conflict Management Global Plan Initiatives ()-9 Situational awareness -16 Decision support and alerting systems (Many other GPIs) Main Dependencies Global Readiness ChecklistStatus (ready now or estimated date) Standards ReadinessReady now Avionics AvailabilityReady now Ground Systems AvailabilityReady now Procedures AvailableReady now Operations ApprovalsReady now
9 Standards (Panel: ASP, ACP) ICAO ANNEX 10 — Aeronautical Telecommunications, Volume IV Aeronautical Radio Frequency Spectrum Utilization; ICAO DOC 9871, Technical Provisions for Mode S Services and Extended Squitter; RTCA MOPS DO260 and DO260A EUROCAE ED102 and ED102A. Procedures (OPLINKP, SASP) ICAO Doc 4444, Procedures for Air Navigation Services — Air Traffic Management; Guidance Material (ASP, SASP, Task Forces; ASTAF - airborne surveillance applications) ICAO DOC 9924, Aeronautical Surveillance Manual; ICAO Assessment of ADS-B and Multilateration Surveillance to Support Air Traffic Services and Guidelines for Implementation (Circular 326); ICAO Asia Pacific: ADS-B implementation guidance document. Module N° B0-84 – Reference Documents
SARPs, PANS and ICAO Docs and Regional GM and SUPPs Amendment a) SARPs in ANNEX 10: - Version 0 ES as specified in Annex 10, Volume IV, Chapter 3, Paragraph (Equivalent to DO260) to be used till at least 2020; - Version 1 ES as specified in Chapter 3 of Technical Provisions for Mode S Services and Extended Squitter (ICAO Doc 9871) (Equivalent to DO260A); - V ersion 2 ES including provisions for new set of MHz extended squitter (ES) messages and traffic information service – broadcast (TIS-B) incorporated in SARPs as part of Amendment 86 with target applicable date in November (Equivalent to DO260B and EUROCAE ED-102A which were issued in December 2009).
Recognizing that the full benefits of ADS-B would only be achieved through harmonized implementation, the Conference urges States and Administrations to expedite ADS-B implementation and share with ICAO Regional Office their implementation plan. 11 DGCA/APAC Action Item 48/4
13 Administrations support implementation of ADS-B; 1 Administration has informed that implementation of ADS-B is not directly applicable; 1 Administration has informed their airspace is covered by surveillance Radar and VHF Radios. Oceanic airspace is covered by ADS-C/CPDLC and DCPC; 1 Administration has informed that implementation plan is under study/planning stage 12 State follow-up Action on 48/4
APANPIRG/13 Decisions 13 th Meeting of APANPIRG held in Sept made two decisions: Establishment of ADS-B Study and Implementation Task Force; Identified ADS-B as new key priority for APAC Region – Multidisciplinary Task Force consisting of members Australia, China, Hong Kong China, Fiji, India, Japan, Mongolia, Singapore, United States, IATA, IFALPA,IFATCA and SITA with TOR: - Selection of the Radio Link for ADS-B; Develop implementation Plan and conduct CBA. – Multidisciplinary Task Force consisting of members Australia, China, Hong Kong China, Fiji, India, Japan, Mongolia, Singapore, United States, IATA, IFALPA,IFATCA and SITA with TOR: - Selection of the Radio Link for ADS-B; Develop implementation Plan and conduct CBA.
ADS-B STUDY & IMPLEMENTATION TASK FORE The 1 st Meeting (Brisbane 3/2003): – Decided that 1090 extended squitter as ADS-B datalink The 2nd meeting (Bangkok 3/2004) – Focused on ADS-B capability along traffic flows and identified the need of ADS-B surveillance data sharing The 3rd Meeting (Bangkok 3/2005): – Developed AIGD and updated FASID document and agreed to regional data sharing using ASTERIX Cat.21 The 4 th meeting hosted by Fiji 2005 – ASTERIX VER. No.; Data Collection format – Cost benefit study initiated;
APANPIRG ADS-B SITF The 5 th meeting hosted by India 2006 – Sample Form of Data Sharing; Regional Surveillance Strategy; The 6 th meeting hosted by ROK 2007 – Performance parameters and initial consideration for regional ADS-B mandate; The 7 th meeting hosted by China 2008 – Sample agreement for data sharing and addressing security concern on using ADS-B; The 8 th meeting hosted by Viet Nam 2009 – Regional equipage requirement and States implementation guidelines; The 9 th meeting hosted by Indonesia 2010 – Template mandate and safety case sample; The 10 th meeting hosted by Singapore 2011 – VHF freq. coordination and support 260B; The 11 th meeting hosted by ROK-2012 – Whitelist to Blacklist Use of ADS-B for height monitoring.
ADS-B WG established in 2007 by APANPIRG/17 SEA ADS-B WG/ November 2007 in Singapore SEA ADS-B WG/ February 2008 in Bali, Indonesia SEA ADS-B WG/3 2-3 July 2008 in Putrajaya, Malaysia SEA ADS-B WG/ February 2009 in Melbourne, Australia SEA ADS-B WG/ January 2010 in Jakarta, Indonesia SEA ADS-B WG/ February 2011 in Singapore SEA/BOB ADS-B WG/ November 2011 in Chennai, India SEA/BOB ADS-B WG/8 5-7 December 2012 in Yangon, Myanmar
APANPIRG ADS-B SITF and WGs As result of efforts made by member States, a number of regional guidance materials have been developed and maintained. These are available at ICAO APAC website: Conclusion: ADS-B using GNSS technology is a new cost effective surveillance tool for enhancing flight safety, increasing airspace capacity and efficiency however, safety related business, it requires/deserves our common and continuous efforts to have it implemented in APAC Region in particular for SEA and BOB areas.