Aim #8: What made the Pax Romana Rome’s golden age? January 16, 2015
I. Pax Romana (96 A.D. – 180 A.D. – Golden Age of the Roman Empire A. Five “good” emperors: Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius Maintain peace and prosperity, promote trade, extend the empire (pop of 50 million during this period!), build public works (aqueducts, roads, harbors), use government money to help the poor.
II. Architecture - Like Greeks, interested in rows and columns. - Interest in curvilinear forms – arch, dome. - Structures made from concrete – strong and durable. - 50,000 miles of paved roads connected the empire Roads “ All ROADS lead to ROME!”
III. The Colosseum: Public amphitheater featuring Gladiatorial fights, circuses, chariot races. Day at the Arena: Trained gladiators fighting to the death, beast vs. beast, criminals killed by beasts “Bread and Circuses”
Questions to Consider Why did the Roman government promote entertainment like this? What did they have to gain from it? Does America have its own “bread and circuses” today? What do you think would be some examples of this? Can you think of any examples of violent entertainment that Americans enjoy today? Does this show that our values are similar to Roman values?
IV. Aqueducts: Tunnels, canals and other structures that carry water from place to place. Over 500 miles of aqueducts in the city of Rome. Usually built underground