2How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution? Renaissance: scholars uncovered many classical manuscripts and the printing press was introduced to Europe.Exploration: seeing new lands, peoples, and animals made people curious; navigators needed better instruments and geographical measurements.
3Scientists Nicolaus Copernicus: heliocentric theory Johannes Kepler: elliptical orbits of the planetsGalileo Galilei: law of the pendulum, objects fall at the same speed no matter their weight, supported theories of CopernicusIsaac Newton: law of gravity
4DevelopmentsScientific instruments: microscope (observation of bacteria and red blood cells), barometer, thermometer (Fahrenheit then Celsius)Medicine: autopsy (detailed drawings of organs, bones, and muscles), the function of heart and blood vessels, and the development of vaccinesChemistry: Boyle’s law, oxygen is separated from air and given its name
5Scientific MethodFrancis Bacon: introduces the experimental method to better understand the worldRene Descartes: analytical geometry relied on math and logic; “I think, therefore I am”Modern: observation + experimentation + general laws expressed by math = a better understanding