Presentation on theme: "Scientific Revolution. How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution? Renaissance: scholars uncovered."— Presentation transcript:
How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution? Renaissance: scholars uncovered many classical manuscripts and the printing press was introduced to Europe. Exploration: seeing new lands, peoples, and animals made people curious; navigators needed better instruments and geographical measurements.
Scientists Nicolaus Copernicus: heliocentric theory Johannes Kepler: elliptical orbits of the planets Galileo Galilei: law of the pendulum, objects fall at the same speed no matter their weight, supported theories of Copernicus Isaac Newton: law of gravity
Developments Scientific instruments: microscope (observation of bacteria and red blood cells), barometer, thermometer (Fahrenheit then Celsius) Medicine: autopsy (detailed drawings of organs, bones, and muscles), the function of heart and blood vessels, and the development of vaccines Chemistry: Boyle’s law, oxygen is separated from air and given its name
Scientific Method Francis Bacon: introduces the experimental method to better understand the world Rene Descartes: analytical geometry relied on math and logic; “I think, therefore I am” Modern: observation + experimentation + general laws expressed by math = a better understanding