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Scientific Revolution. How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution?  Renaissance: scholars uncovered.

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Presentation on theme: "Scientific Revolution. How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution?  Renaissance: scholars uncovered."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scientific Revolution

2 How did the Renaissance and Age of Exploration help pave the way for the Scientific Revolution?  Renaissance: scholars uncovered many classical manuscripts and the printing press was introduced to Europe.  Exploration: seeing new lands, peoples, and animals made people curious; navigators needed better instruments and geographical measurements.

3 Scientists  Nicolaus Copernicus: heliocentric theory  Johannes Kepler: elliptical orbits of the planets  Galileo Galilei: law of the pendulum, objects fall at the same speed no matter their weight, supported theories of Copernicus  Isaac Newton: law of gravity

4 Developments  Scientific instruments: microscope (observation of bacteria and red blood cells), barometer, thermometer (Fahrenheit then Celsius)  Medicine: autopsy (detailed drawings of organs, bones, and muscles), the function of heart and blood vessels, and the development of vaccines  Chemistry: Boyle’s law, oxygen is separated from air and given its name

5 Scientific Method  Francis Bacon: introduces the experimental method to better understand the world  Rene Descartes: analytical geometry relied on math and logic; “I think, therefore I am”  Modern: observation + experimentation + general laws expressed by math = a better understanding


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