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Decision Making & Risk Management 2011 Presentation by Ron Ridenour Glider Pilot Examiner, CFIG & SSF Trustee with credit to Rich Carlson for some content.

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Presentation on theme: "Decision Making & Risk Management 2011 Presentation by Ron Ridenour Glider Pilot Examiner, CFIG & SSF Trustee with credit to Rich Carlson for some content."— Presentation transcript:

1 Decision Making & Risk Management 2011 Presentation by Ron Ridenour Glider Pilot Examiner, CFIG & SSF Trustee with credit to Rich Carlson for some content contribution

2 A Changing Landscape  Improve Pilot skill level  Improve Pilot support system  PHAK chap17, Aeronautical Decision Making  Many names Aeronautical Decision Making Aeronautical Decision Making Judgment Training Judgment Training CRM/SPRM CRM/SPRM Risk Management Risk Management

3 Regulatory Requirements  Private Pilot FAR Aeronautical Knowledge (b)(12) Aeronautical Decision Making and Judgment (b)(12) Aeronautical Decision Making and Judgment  Practical Test Standard (PTS) Aeronautical Decision Making and Risk Management Aeronautical Decision Making and Risk Management Single Pilot Resource Management Single Pilot Resource Management

4 ADM – Underlying Principles  Good Decision Making and Risk Management skills can be learned Explicit training using available resources Explicit training using available resources Books, pamphlets, AC’sBooks, pamphlets, AC’s Flight Reviews and FAA WINGS ProgramFlight Reviews and FAA WINGS Program Implicit training by example Implicit training by example What you do vs what you sayWhat you do vs what you say What do your peers doWhat do your peers do

5 Resources  FAA-H A Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge  FAA-H Risk Management Handbook  FAA-H Glider Flying Handbook  Title 14 CFR Parts 1, 61, & 91  Aeronautical Information Manual   

6 ADM – Decision Making Process

7 ADM – 5 Hazardous Thoughts  Based on study of pilots Anti-Authority(follow the rules they’re usually right) Anti-Authority(follow the rules they’re usually right) Invulnerability(it can happen to me) Invulnerability(it can happen to me) Impulsive(slow down and think first) Impulsive(slow down and think first) Macho(taking chances is foolish) Macho(taking chances is foolish) Resignation(I can make a difference) Resignation(I can make a difference)

8 ADM - Example

9 ADM – Current Thinking  Decisions are based on Experience Experience Knowledge of multiple facts Knowledge of multiple facts Expected outcome Expected outcome Evaluation of changing events Evaluation of changing events Known or expected risks Known or expected risks Known or expected rewards Known or expected rewards

10 ADM – Tools to Improve the Odds Erect multiple barriers to prevent mistakes Erect multiple barriers to prevent mistakes – Glider assembly process POH, or other written, instructionsPOH, or other written, instructions Limit distractionsLimit distractions Knowledgeable assistantKnowledgeable assistant Suitable spaceSuitable space Post assembly checklistPost assembly checklist Positive Control CheckPositive Control Check Critical Assembly Check *Critical Assembly Check *

11 ADM – Tools to Improve the Odds  Evaluate actions, reactions, and responses Pre-flight: Are you ready for this flight? Pre-flight: Are you ready for this flight? In-flight: Is this the right course of action now? In-flight: Is this the right course of action now? Post-flight: What actions, or inactions, do I feel uncomfortable with and how can I improve things? Post-flight: What actions, or inactions, do I feel uncomfortable with and how can I improve things?

12 Risk Elements PAVE Model

13 ADM - DECIDE Model

14 ADM - Problems  Why would items not be accomplished Forgot Forgot Rushed Rushed Distracted Distracted Ignored Ignored Deemed unimportant Deemed unimportant

15 SPRM - Background  Grew out of Commercial Airline Operations Flight crew failed to warn the pilot of a problem/mistake Flight crew failed to warn the pilot of a problem/mistake Captain didn’t listen to other crew members Captain didn’t listen to other crew members

16 CRM – Airline Operations  Individuals the flight crew can use Flight crew members Flight crew members Ground crew Ground crew Dispatchers Dispatchers Maintenance personnel Maintenance personnel ATC ATC Weather specialists Weather specialists

17 SPRM – Glider Operations  Individuals the Glider Pilot can use Pilot, co-Pilot in multi-place glider Pilot, co-Pilot in multi-place glider Fellow club members Fellow club members Ground crew Ground crew Wing runner Wing runner Tow Pilot Tow Pilot Instructor Instructor FSS FSS Internet Resources Internet Resources

18 Conclusions  Every pilot must receive ADM, SPRM and Risk Management instruction  Good decision making can be taught  Poor decision making can lead to incidents and accidents  Use your next flight review to learn new decision making skills  Critique your flying  Be Ambassadors of Safety!


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