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Unit 3Text A of Wonder The Sense 21st Century College English: Book 3.

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2 Unit 3Text A of Wonder The Sense 21st Century College English: Book 3

3 Lead-in Activities Lead-in Activities Lead-in Activities Lead-in Activities Text Organization Text OrganizationText OrganizationText Organization Reading and Writing Skills Reading and Writing SkillsReading and Writing SkillsReading and Writing Skills Language Points Language PointsLanguage PointsLanguage Points Guided Practice Guided PracticeGuided PracticeGuided Practice Assignments AssignmentsAssignments Unit 3: Text A The Sense of Wonder

4 1. If you had to lose one of your senses, which one would you choose to give up? And having lost it, what do you think you’d miss the most? 2. It’s common to speak of “ the five senses”---but are there only five? Some researchers say that we all have and use other senses as well. What others can you think of ? Lead-in Activities Warm-up Questions

5 I. Children lose their sense of wonder before they reach adulthood. I. Children lose their sense of wonder before they reach adulthood. I. Children lose their sense of wonder before they reach adulthood. I. Children lose their sense of wonder before they reach adulthood. II.How to preserve or keep alive the sense of wonder? II.How to preserve or keep alive the sense of wonder? II.How to preserve or keep alive the sense of wonder? II.How to preserve or keep alive the sense of wonder? III. What is the value of preserving or strengthening the sense of wonder? III. What is the value of preserving or strengthening the sense of wonder? III. What is the value of preserving or strengthening the sense of wonder? III. What is the value of preserving or strengthening the sense of wonder? The structure of Text A Para. 1 Paras. 2-5 Paras. 6-9 Text Organization

6 I. Children lose their sense of wonder before they reach adulthood. The author’s argument is based on the facts: She wishes that children’s sense of wonder would be indestructible and last throughout life. It is a misfortune to have the sense of wonder dimmed or even lost. Text Organization

7 II.How to preserve or keep alive the sense of wonder? Who can be of help? Who can be of help? Who can be of help? Who can be of help? How can parents be of help? How can parents be of help? How can parents be of help? How can parents be of help? An argument that parents with little knowledge are capable of developing children’s sense of wonder. An argument that parents with little knowledge are capable of developing children’s sense of wonder. An argument that parents with little knowledge are capable of developing children’s sense of wonder. An argument that parents with little knowledge are capable of developing children’s sense of wonder. Exploring nature is one way to open our eyes to unnoticed beauty. Exploring nature is one way to open our eyes to unnoticed beauty. Exploring nature is one way to open our eyes to unnoticed beauty. Exploring nature is one way to open our eyes to unnoticed beauty. Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Para. 5 Text Organization

8 Who can be of help? Children need an adult who can rediscover with them the joy, excitement and mystery of the world we live in. But parents often feel inadequate and incapable of doing that. Text Organization

9 How can parents be of help? Parents should understand that the key point is not to present the children with ready facts but to teach the children how to feel, to arouse their emotion, and pave the way for children to develop a desire to know during early childhood. Text Organization

10 An argument that parents with little knowledge are capable of developing children’s sense of wonder. 1.Even if the parents have little knowledge at their disposal, they can still expose their children to nature by looking up at the sky, listening to the wind and feeling the rain. 2.City dwellers can also observe nature by watching the migrations of birds, studying the changing seasons and pondering the mystery of growing seeds in a pot of earth. 1.Even if the parents have little knowledge at their disposal, they can still expose their children to nature by looking up at the sky, listening to the wind and feeling the rain. 2.City dwellers can also observe nature by watching the migrations of birds, studying the changing seasons and pondering the mystery of growing seeds in a pot of earth. Text Organization

11 Exploring nature is one way to open our eyes to unnoticed beauty. Exploring nature asks us to observe with seeing and questions eyes. By asking ourselves: “What if I had never seen this before? What if I knew I would never see it again?”, we force ourselves to look at it again in a new light. Text Organization

12 III. What is the value of preserving or strengthening the sense of wonder? What is the value or reason of preserving and strengthening the sense of wonder? What is the value or reason of preserving and strengthening the sense of wonder? What is the value or reason of preserving and strengthening the sense of wonder? What is the value or reason of preserving and strengthening the sense of wonder? The sense of wonder has significant and lasting effects on our lives. The sense of wonder has significant and lasting effects on our lives. The sense of wonder has significant and lasting effects on our lives. The sense of wonder has significant and lasting effects on our lives. One example illustrates this point. One example illustrates this point. One example illustrates this point. One example illustrates this point. Para. 6 Para. 7 Paras. 8-9 Text Organization

13 What is the value or reason of preserving and strengthening the sense of wonder? It is more than just a peasant way of passing the golden hours of childhood. Text Organization

14 The sense of wonder has significant and lasting effects on our lives. People with a sense of wonder will never be alone or weary of life. They will also be able to find inner peace and strength that will guide them through personal problems and give them satisfaction in life. Text Organization

15 One example illustrates this point. A distinguished Swedish oceanographer, Otto Pettersson, enjoyed every new experience, every new discovery and the mysteries of the universe. He lived to be 93 and in the final stage of his life, he said, “What will sustain me in my last moments is an infinite curiosity as to what is to follow.” Text Organization

16 Reading & Writing Skills To persuade someone that it’s easier than they think to do something worthwhile by placing most of the possible objections in “ even if” and “wherever” clauses and arguing against them or responding directly and immediately.To persuade someone that it’s easier than they think to do something worthwhile by placing most of the possible objections in “ even if” and “wherever” clauses and arguing against them or responding directly and immediately. e.g. (Para 4) Even if you have little knowledge of nature at your disposal, there is still much you can do for your child. Wherever you are and whatever your resources, you can still look up at the sky….You can still feel…

17 To understand idiomatic expressions with the help of the context clues― examples, explanations, contrasts or parallel phrases. (Note: In the case of idiomatic expressions, word formation clues can be misleading.) Reading & Writing Skills

18 The Sense of Wonder By Rachel Carson By Rachel Carson The Sense of Wonder By Rachel Carson By Rachel Carson Text A: Language Points

19 The Sense of Wonder The Sense of Wonder by Rachel Carson 1 A child’s world is fresh and new and beautiful, full of wonder and excitement. It is our misfortune that, for most of us, that clear- eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe- inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthood. If I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life. wondermisfortunefor most of us, that clear- eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe- inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthoodIf I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life.wondermisfortunefor most of us, that clear- eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe- inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthoodIf I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life. Language Points

20 2 If children are to keep alive their natural sense of wonder without any such gift from the angels, they need the companionship of at least one adult who can share it, rediscovering with the child the joy, excitement and mystery of the world we live in. Parents often feel inadequate when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. In a mood of self-defeat, they exclaim, “How can I possibly teach my child about nature — why, I don’t even know one bird from another!”keep alive their natural sense of wonder without any such gift from the angelsmysteryParents often feel inadequate when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. In a mood of self-defeatI don’t even know one bird from another! Language Points

21 3 I sincerely believe that for children, and for parents seeking to guide them, it is not half so important to know as it is to feel. If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. The years of early childhood are the time to prepare the soil. Once the emotions have been aroused — a sense of the beautiful, the excitement of the new and the unknown, a feeling of sympathy, pity, admiration or love — then we wish for knowledge about the object of our emotional response. Once found, such knowledge has far more lasting meaning than mere information. It is more important to pave the way for children’s desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate.sincerelynot halfIf facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must growarousedwish for knowledge about the object of our emotional responseIt is more important to pave the way for children’s desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate Language Points

22 4 Even if you feel you have little knowledge of nature at your disposal, there is still much you can do for your child. Wherever you are and whatever your resources, you can still look up at the sky – its dawn and evening beauties, its moving clouds, its stars by night. You can listen to the wind, whether it blows with majestic voice through a forest or sings a many-voiced chorus around the corners of your apartment building, and in the listening, you can gain magical release for your thoughts. You can still feel the rain on your face and think of its long journey from sea to air to earth, at your disposalwhatever your resourcesreleasethink of its long journey from sea to air to earthat your disposalwhatever your resourcesreleasethink of its long journey from sea to air to earth Language Points

23 and wonder at the mysteries of natural selection embodied in the perfume and flavour of a fruit. Even if you are a city dweller, you can find some place, perhaps a park or a golf course, where you can observe the mysterious migrations of the birds and the changing seasons. And with your child you can ponder the mystery of a growing seed, even if it’s just one planted in a pot of earth in the kitchen window. natural selectionembodiedponder the mystery of a growing seednatural selectionembodiedponder the mystery of a growing seed Language Points

24 5 Exploring nature with your child is largely a matter of being open to what lies all around you. It is learning again to use your eyes, ears, nose and fingertips, opening up the disused channels of your senses. For most of us, knowledge of our world comes largely through sight, yet we look about with such unseeing eyes that we are partially blind. One way to open your eyes to unnoticed beauty is to ask yourself, “What if I had never seen this before? What if I knew I would never see it again?” a matter ofbeing open towith such unseeing eyesa matter ofbeing open towith such unseeing eyes 6 What is the value of preserving and strengthening this sense of awe and wonder, this recognition of something beyond the boundaries of human existence? Is the exploration of the natural world just a pleasant way to pass the golden hours of childhood or is there something deeper? Language Points

25 7 I am sure there is something much deeper, something lasting and significant. Those who dwell, as scientists or laypeople, among the beauties and mysteries of the earth are never alone or weary of life. Whatever the problems or concerns of their personal lives, their thoughts can find paths that lead to inner satisfaction and to renewed excitement in living. Those who contemplate the beauty of the earth find reserves of strength that will endure as long as life lasts. There is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring. There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature – the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter. Those who dwell, as scientists or laypeople, among the beauties and mysteries of the earthcontemplateThere is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring.There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature – the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter.Those who dwell, as scientists or laypeople, among the beauties and mysteries of the earthcontemplateThere is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring.There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature – the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter. Language Points

26 8 I like to remember the distinguished Swedish oceanographer, Otto Pettersson, who died a few years ago at the age of ninety-three, in full possession of his keen mental powers. His son has related in a recent book how intensely his father enjoyed every new experience, every new discovery concerning the world about him. in full possession ofconcerning in full possession ofconcerning 9 “He was an incurable romantic,” the son wrote, “intensely in love with life and with the mysteries of the universe.” When he realized he had not much longer to enjoy the earthly scene, Otto Pettersson said to his son: “What will sustain me in my last moments is an infinite curiosity as to what is follow.”an incurable romantiche had not much longer to enjoy the earthly scenesustainas to Language Points

27 wonder wonder n. — a feeling of great surprise and admiration caused by seeing or experiencing that is strange and new Examples: wonderThe sight of the Great Wall filled them with wonder. wonderThe children watched the magician in silent wonder.

28 misfortune — misfortune — n. bad luck Examples: misfortuneI had the misfortune to share a room with someone who snored loudly. misfortunesShe bore her misfortunes bravely. do sth by misfortune 不幸做了某事 suffer misfortune 遭受不幸 companions in misfortune 患难之交 misfortune befall (befell) sb. ~ struck…

29 clear-eyed visionthat true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiringdimmed … for most of us, that clear-eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthood. clear-eyed vision — untainted outlook 目光清晰的视觉 More to learn More to learn

30 clear-eyed visionthat true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiringdimmed … for most of us, that clear-eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthood. that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiring — in apposition to “that clear-eyed vision”, a variation of the phrase “sense of wonder” 那种对于美的和令人敬畏的东西的真正直觉 More to learn More to learn

31 clear-eyed visionthat true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiringdimmed … for most of us, that clear-eyed vision — that true instinct for what is beautiful and awe-inspiring — is dimmed and even lost before we reach adulthood. Paraphrase? dim v.make (or become) less bright or unable to see clearly 使 … 看不清楚;变暗淡或模糊 v.make (or become) less bright or unable to see clearly 使 … 看不清楚;变暗淡或模糊 a.(of a light) not bright; not easy to see 昏暗的;模糊的 a.(of a light) not bright; not easy to see 昏暗的;模糊的 most of us have little or no more sense of wonder as we grow up Examples: Old age hasn’t dimmed her memory.Old age hasn’t dimmed her memory. In the middle of the storm, the lights suddenly dimmed. In the middle of the storm, the lights suddenly dimmed. A dim bulb provides the only light in the hall. A dim bulb provides the only light in the hall. I had only a dim memory of a tall, slender man. I had only a dim memory of a tall, slender man.

32 If I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life. influence with sb. — ability to obtain favorable treatment from sb., usu. by means of acquaintance, status, wealth, etc. More to learn More to learnExamples: She has great influence with the manager and could no doubt help you.She has great influence with the manager and could no doubt help you. My influence with her is not very strong.My influence with her is not very strong.

33 If I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life. Adj. + influence — big, considerable, enormous, great, significant, growing, dominant, major, overwhelming, powerful, profound, strong; important, crucial, decisive, beneficial, positive, negative, direct, destructive, political, economic, etc Verb + influence — have, give sb., exercise, exert, use, extend, be under, come/fall under, be independent of, show, attribute sth. To Prep. — under the~, ~ from, ~ on/upon, ~ over, ~ with More to learn More to learn

34 If I had influence with the angels who are supposed to preside over all children, I would ask that their gift to each child in the world be a sense of wonder so indestructible that it would last throughout life. Meaning?e.g. The city council is presided over by the mayor.The city council is presided over by the mayor. The present director has presided over a rapid decline in the firm’s profitability.The present director has presided over a rapid decline in the firm’s profitability. preside vi. — be chairman (at a conference, meeting, etc.) e.g. The vice president will preside at today’s meeting.The vice president will preside at today’s meeting. be responsible for be head or director of More to learn More to learn

35 keep alive their natural sense of wonder without any such gift from the angels Paraphrase? retain their natural sense of wonder as they grow up without being given a lasting one by the angelsretain their natural sense of wonder as they grow up without being given a lasting one by the angels

36 mystery n. —something impossible to explain because no people or only very few people have the knowledge to be able to understand it. Examples: Despite years of study, sleepwalking remains a mystery.Despite years of study, sleepwalking remains a mystery. It is a mystery to me why she married him in the first place.It is a mystery to me why she married him in the first place. myth --- [C or U] an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining in a literary way the early history of a group of people or about natural events and facts: ancient myths myth --- [C or U] an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining in a literary way the early history of a group of people or about natural events and facts: ancient myths

37 Parents often feel inadequate when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. inadequate — a.not good enough in quality, ability, size, etc. More to learn More to learnExamples: The safety precautions are totally inadequate.The safety precautions are totally inadequate. I feel inadequate when I walk to Miranda about art because she knows so much.I feel inadequate when I walk to Miranda about art because she knows so much.

38 Parents often feel inadequate when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. confront vt. — stand or meet face to face; bring face to face More to learn More to learnExamples: Can you think of some typical problems that confront Chinese learning English?Can you think of some typical problems that confront Chinese learning English? When I took office, I was confronted with new guidelines.When I took office, I was confronted with new guidelines. Becca will have to confront some frightening truths about this disease.Becca will have to confront some frightening truths about this disease.

39 Parents often feel inadequate when confronted on the one hand with the eager, sensitive mind of a child and on the other with a world of complex physical nature. confronted physical physical a. — having material existence; of or relating to material thingsExamples: physicalthe physical world physicalAll physical objects occupy space. Paraphrase? Parents often feel somewhat unable to cope with the situation in which children have a keen sense of wonder and are eager to learn about the natural world while parents themselves are not knowledgeable enough about its complexity.

40 in a mood of self-defeat mood n. — state of mind or feelings 心境,心情;情绪 Examples: She’s in a good mood today.She’s in a good mood today. He’s always in a bad mood on Mondays.He’s always in a bad mood on Mondays. Idioms with “mood”: in the mood for (doing) sth. /to do sth — feeling like doing sth; inclined to do sth. in no mood for (doing) sth. /to do sth — not feeling like doing sth; not inclined to to sth. Paraphrase: Feeling helpless

41 I don’t even know one bird from another! Paraphrase? I can’t even tell the differences between birds.I can’t even tell the differences between birds.

42 sincerely — ad. 真诚地;忠实地 “Sincerely” or “sincerely yours” is a common way to end a letter to someone who is not a friend or relative, before you sign your name. Sincere — a. free from falseness; true and honest Examples: sincere friendshipsincere friendship More than sincere words of support, we need action.More than sincere words of support, we need action. I sincerely hope she’s happy with her decision.I sincerely hope she’s happy with her decision.

43 not half — not at all Not half is used in informal English to emphasize an opinion or the truth of a statement. Examples: aren’t halfFilms these days aren’t half as good as they used to be. isn’t halfIt isn’t half cold here in winter.

44 If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. If … then … The if … then … structure consists normally of the first clause that begins with if and the second starting with then. The if clause implies an assumption the speaker is making which is not widely held, while the then clause lays out the consequences of that line of reasoning. The structure is mainly used in written English. Then used in the structure often means “in that case”, “therefore”, or “as a result”. Examples: If it’s not on the table, then it will be in the drawer.If it’s not on the table, then it will be in the drawer. If any questions do occur to you, then don’t hesitate to write to us.If any questions do occur to you, then don’t hesitate to write to us. If I haven’t heard from you by Friday, then I’ll assume you’re not coming.If I haven’t heard from you by Friday, then I’ll assume you’re not coming. If we say “y” equals “ax 3 ”, then we get a curve like this.If we say “y” equals “ax 3 ”, then we get a curve like this. More to learn More to learn

45 If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. impressions of the senses — things that one receives by the five powers of the body; general feelings More to learn More to learn

46 If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. Rhetoric:metaphor — use of a word or phrase to indicate sth. different from ( through related in some way to ) the literal meaning. Usage: (1) A is B e.g. A good book is a good friend. Experience is the best teacher. Experience is the best teacher. (2) B + of + A e.g. a palace of a house She has a heart of stone. She has a heart of stone. Translation: A good tongue is a good weapon. Key:能言善辩是利器. Rhetoric:simile — use of comparison of one thing with another Usage: A is like B; A is as B A is like B; A is as B e.g. That soldier is like a lion. e.g. That soldier is like a lion. She is as beautiful as a flower. She is as beautiful as a flower. as brave as a lion as brave as a lion an iron will an iron will Question: Which figure of speech is applied in this sentence, metaphor or simile? Metaphor.Metaphor.

47 arouse vt. — cause to become active; excite 唤醒;激发 rouse vt. 1.cause to become active; excite (= arouse) 唤醒;激发 2.wake (sb.) up 唤醒;使醒来 Examples: He works hard to arouse his students’ curiosity.He works hard to arouse his students’ curiosity. When he’s roused, he can get very angry.When he’s roused, he can get very angry. She roused him from his sleep.She roused him from his sleep.

48 wish for knowledge about the object of our emotional response Paraphrase? wish to obtain knowledge about things for which a feeling of sympathy, or pity, or admiration, or love, has been aroused.

49 It is more important to pave the way for children’s desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate. pave the way (for) — create a situation in which something specified is possible and can happen Examples: Data from the space flight should pave the way for a more detailed exploration of Mars.Data from the space flight should pave the way for a more detailed exploration of Mars. His work paved the way for the new theory.His work paved the way for the new theory. Translation:他的经济政策为信息产业的扩展铺平了道路。 Key: His economic policies paved the way for expansion of information industry. More to learn More to learn

50 It is more important to pave the way for children’s desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate. assimilate — vt. take in and make a part of oneself; absorb 使同化; 吸收 Examples: The assimilation of immigrants ( 移民 ) into American culture has been a constant feature of US history.The assimilation of immigrants ( 移民 ) into American culture has been a constant feature of US history. Paraphrase? It is more important to prepare the children by arousing their sense of wonder than to feed them with a lot of facts which they are not ready to take in.

51 at one’s disposal — available for one to use as one whishes 供任意使用;可自 行支配 Examples: I don’t have a car at my disposal.I don’t have a car at my disposal. If you want some help preparing for the party I can be at your disposal all day.If you want some help preparing for the party I can be at your disposal all day. dispose vt. 1.put in place; set in readiness 布置 ; 配置 2.cause to have a tendency (to do sth.) 使有倾向 ; 使愿意 3.(of) get rid of 清除 ; 去掉 Examples: The conductor disposed the singers in a semi-circle.The conductor disposed the singers in a semi-circle. Her sense of humor disposed me to like her.Her sense of humor disposed me to like her. All the furniture has been disposed of.All the furniture has been disposed of.

52 whatever your resources Paraphrase? Whatever your abilities; whatever stock of knowledge you have

53 release — vt.1.give freedom to (sb.) 2. remove (sth.) from a fixed position; cause (sth.) to move freely n.freeing or being freed from something that confines Examples: She gently released herself from his arms.She gently released herself from his arms. He released the brake and the car rolled forward.He released the brake and the car rolled forward. Death is often a welcome release from pain.Death is often a welcome release from pain.

54 think of its long journey from sea to air to earth Paraphrase? consider the water cycle, the long process of how water from the sea changes into vapor in the air, falls upon land through precipitation, and flows ultimately back into the sea Water Cycle

55 Natural Selection, the foundation concept supporting the theory of evolution, is the process by which environmental effects lead to varying degrees of reproductive success in individuals and groups of organisms. This revolutionary theory was developed by Charles Darwin and published in 1859 in his now famous treatise On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Darwin, Charles Robert ( ) 达尔文

56 embody vt. 1.represent (a quality, idea, etc.) in a physical form 体现; 使具体化 2.contain, include 包含 Examples: To me he embodies all the best qualities of a teacher.To me he embodies all the best qualities of a teacher. The latest computer model embodies many new features.The latest computer model embodies many new features. ~ an idea in a painting 在画中表现思想 ~ an idea in a painting 在画中表现思想 ~ principles in actions 用行动来体现原则 ~ principles in actions 用行动来体现原则 ~ Parts of the old treaty are embodied in the new one. ~ Parts of the old treaty are embodied in the new one.

57 ponder the mystery of a growing seed ponder — v. think about (sth.) carefully and for a long time, esp. in trying to reach a decision; consider Examples: You have pondered long enough; it is time to decide.You have pondered long enough; it is time to decide. I am pondering how to respond.I am pondering how to respond. Mary pondered bitterly (on/ over) the meaning of life.Mary pondered bitterly (on/ over) the meaning of life. Paraphrase? consider the inexplicable process of a seed growing into a plantconsider the inexplicable process of a seed growing into a plant

58 a matter of sth./doing sth. — a question of; an instance or a case of 一个 … 的问题; 一件 … 的事 Examples: Dealing with these problems is all a matter of experience.Dealing with these problems is all a matter of experience. Success in business is simply a matter of knowing when to take a chance. Success in business is simply a matter of knowing when to take a chance.

59 be open to (an idea, etc.) — be ready and willing to accept and to try and understand or consider (and idea, etc.) Examples: We are open to suggestions.We are open to suggestions. We haven’t decided on a price, but we’re open to offers.We haven’t decided on a price, but we’re open to offers.

60 with such unseeing eyes Paraphrase? without noticing themwithout noticing them

61 Those who dwell, as scientists or laypeople, among the beauties and mysteries of the earth dwell vi. — live (in a place or in a particular way) Example: She dwelt in South Africa for ten years.She dwelt in South Africa for ten years. dwell on/upon — think or talk about (sth.) a lot of the time Example: Let’s not dwell on your past mistakes.Let’s not dwell on your past mistakes.Paraphrase? those people, whether they are scientists or non- scientists, who live in a world full of beauties and mysteries.

62 contemplate — v.spend time considering (a possible future action), or to consider (one particular thing) for a long time in a serious way Examples: She stood there contemplating the painting.She stood there contemplating the painting. The owner of the team contemplated moving his football club to another city.The owner of the team contemplated moving his football club to another city.

63 There is symbolic as well as actual beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring. Question: What do you think is the symbolic beauty in the migration of the birds, the ebb and flow of the tides, the folded bud ready for the spring ?

64 There is something infinitely healing in the repeated refrains of nature – the assurance that dawn comes after night, and spring after the winter. Translation:? 在大自然反反复复的循环中,有一种具有无限的治愈 力的东西 —— 黑夜过后是黎明,冬天过后是春天的这 一保证。 heal v. — make or become healthy or whole again “Heal” commonly suggests a restoring to soundness of an affected part after a wound or sore. Examples: His wounds were slow to heal.His wounds were slow to heal. As people age, they tend to heal more slowly.As people age, they tend to heal more slowly.

65 in possession of — 占有;占据 If someone is in possession of something, they have it, esp. something valuable or important or something they were not expected to have. Examples: He is in possession of a large fortune.He is in possession of a large fortune. Their opponents ( 对手 ) were in possession of the ball for most of the match.Their opponents ( 对手 ) were in possession of the ball for most of the match.

66 concerning — prep. ( fml. ) about; with regard to; in connection with 关于 Examples: If you have any information concerning the incident, please contact the police.If you have any information concerning the incident, please contact the police. I spoke to him concerning his behavior. I spoke to him concerning his behavior.

67 an incurable romantic Question: Can you figure out the meaning of the word “incurable”? inincurecureableable Key: incurableincurable Translation:? 一个不可救药的浪漫主义者

68 he had not much longer to enjoy the earthly scene Paraphrase:? he was not going to live much longer to enjoy human life

69 sustain vt. 1.bear (weight) without breaking or falling: support 承 受住;支撑 2.keep alive or in existence 维持生命或存在 Examples: Will this shelf sustain the weight of all these books?Will this shelf sustain the weight of all these books? There must be enough oxygen ( 氧气 ) to sustain life.There must be enough oxygen ( 氧气 ) to sustain life.

70 as to — with regard to; about Examples: As to correcting our homework, the teacher always makes us do it ourselves.As to correcting our homework, the teacher always makes us do it ourselves. There are no special rules as to what clothes you should wear.There are no special rules as to what clothes you should wear.

71 Guided Practice Vocabulary Structure Cloze Translation Structure Writing The Sense of Wonder

72 1.Colors often have ___________ meanings that vary from culture to culture. 2.All the years that have passed have not __________ my memory of our first glorious autumn in Beijing. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. symbolic dimmed Exercises Vocabulary arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal

73 3.His most recent essay focuses on the problems that people __________ in every day lives. 4.His failure in business was due not so much to ___________ as to his own mistakes. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. confront misfortune arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal Exercises Vocabulary

74 5. If you have any questions ___________ our products, please feel free to contact our customer service department. 6.My boss’s __________ change very quickly; one moment he’s light-hearted and cheerful, and the next he hates everything and everybody. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. concerning moods Exercises Vocabulary arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal

75 7.Christy is bright, creative and quick to ___________ new ideas. 8.She loves to sit on the hill alone at night, gazing at the stars and __________ their interest in challenging tasks. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. assimilate pondering Exercises Vocabulary arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal

76 9.These educational toys give children a feeling of self-worth by __________ their interest in challenging tasks. 10.Despite widespread public ___________ of the worsening air quality in these areas, little has been done to control air pollution. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. arousing recognition Exercises Vocabulary arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal

77 11.The human body has great self-_______ powers, and sometimes all it needs to overcome a mild illness is rest and a healthy diet. 12.Dogs and wolves on their _________ sense of smell to find food and recognize danger. III.Fill in each blank in the following sentences with one of the words given below. Change the form where necessary. healing keen Exercises Vocabulary arouseassimilatesymbolicponder misfortunekeendimconcerningmood confrontrecognitionheal

78 Now complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English. 1.If your roommate has a high fever and her throat hurts, ______________________ ( 那她可能得流感了 ). 2._____________________ ( 如果你在剑桥学物理的话 ), then you know my uncle — he’s a professor there. then she might have the flu If you’re studying physics at Cambridge Structure

79 Now complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English. 3.If the book isn’t on the table, _______________________ ( 那 它就在其中的一个抽屉里 ). 4._________________________, ( 如果你体谅她的感情的话 ), then you should apologize. then it must be in one of the drawers Structure

80 Now complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English. 5.If you liked Titanic, ___________________________ ( 那我相 信你会喜欢《泰坦尼克》的续集 ). 6.________________________, ( 如果两个人都说他们无罪 ), then one of them must be lying. then I’m sure you’ll also enjoy Titanic II If both men say they’re innocent Structure

81 《读写教程 III 》 :Ex. X, p. 81 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. X, p. 81 Cloze

82 X. S elect the most appropriate word from among each of the four choices given. The choice 0 means that no additional word is necessary. If you want to develop the senses of your mind, there are many simple and enjoyable exercises that can help you. The first step is to ___1__ your physical senses so you can experience them ___2___. Let’s start with food — either a food you ___3___ like, or a food you’ve grown ___4__ of because you eat ___5___ too often. 1.A) alertB) arouse C) assimilateD) aware 2.A) infiniter B) intenser C) more infinitely D) more intensely 3.A) especiallyB) eventually C) partially D) specially 4.A) dim B) keen C) mereD) weary 5.A) itB) there C) thisD) 0 B D A D A Cloze

83 Begin ___6___ closing your eyes and focusing on ___7___ smell. Breathe it in deeply, and imagine: If this smell ___8___ a perfume, what name would you give it? Now go on ___9___ the dish — but not as you usually do! put a small ___10___ on the tip of your tongue and notice how the taste ___11___ there respond. Move the food ___12___ the side and back of your tongue and ___13___ the differences. 6.A) by B) toC) withD) 0 7.A) it’sB) itsC) theirD) 0 8.A) hadB) were C) would beD) 0 9.A) tasteB) tasting C) to tasteD) with a taste 10.A) amountB) number C) selectionD) reserve 11.A) budsB) bites C) tidesD) 0 12.A) aboutB) along C) atD) through 13.A) embodyB) heal C) ponderD) relate A B B C A B A C Cloze

84 Find a word for each flavor you experience, but try to refrain ___14___ from using everyday terms like “sweet” or “salty”. If this ___15___ a song in your mouth, what kind of song would it be? ___16___ you know, you can go on — but don’t eat any more yet! First pay attention ___17___ your mind is responding to the food. Notice your ___18___— do you feel more hopeful, relaxed or serious than before? Or just hungrier? 14.A) oneselfB)self C) withD) 0 15.A) hadB) were C) would beD) 0 16.A) AsB) At once C) OnceD) Since 17.A) howB) to how C) to wayD) what 18. A) misfortuneB) mood C) recognitionD) sympathy B C B B D Cloze

85 TranslationTranslation  Ex. XII Ex. XII Ex. XII  Ex. XIII Ex. XIII Ex. XIIITranslation

86 Ex. XII, p. 82 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XII, p. 82 Translation

87 XI.Translate the following into Chinese. I sincerely believe that for children, and for parents seeking to guide them, it is not half so important to know as it is to feel. If facts are the seeds that later produce knowledge and wisdom, then the emotions and the impressions of the senses are the fertile soil in which the seeds must grow. The years of early childhood are the time to prepare the soil. 我真诚地相信,对于 孩子们来说,对于想要指 导他们的父母们来说,感 受比知道要重要得多。如 果事实是以后能长出知识 与智慧的种子,那么情感 和感官印象则是种子必须 赖以生长的沃土。幼儿时 期就是培育土壤的时候。 Translation

88 Once the emotions have been aroused — a sense of the beautiful, the excitement of the new and the unknown, a feeling of sympathy, pity, admiration or love — then we wish for knowledge about the object of our emotional response. Once found, such knowledge has far more lasting meaning than mere information. It is more important to pave the way for children’s desire to know than to put them on a diet of facts they are not ready to assimilate. 一旦情感被激起 —— 一种 对美的感受,对新的和未 知事物的激动,一种同 情、怜悯、敬慕或爱恋的 感觉 —— 我们就会渴望了 解引起我们情感反应的事 物。一旦找到,这种知识 就比纯粹的信息具有持久 得多的意义。为孩子们的 求知欲铺平道路比向他们 灌输一堆他们不准备吸收 的事实更为重要。 Translation

89 Ex. XII, p. 82 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. XII, p. 82 Translation

90 XII. Translate the following sentence into English. 1. 我们不久就对她无休止的抱怨感到厌倦,并尽量避开她。 We soon grew weary of her constant complaints, and avoided her as much as possible. constant be / grew weary of avoid Translation

91 2. 市长将在今天下午主持会议,为建设一条新公路的规划作 准备。 The mayor will preside over a meeting this afternoon that will pave the way for plans to build a new highway. preside over a meeting pave the way for … XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

92 3. 如果我们有更多的时间可支配,我会带你上这座山。从山 顶上四下观望真令人惊叹。 If we had more time at our disposal, I’d take you up this mountain. The view from the top is truly awe-inspiring. awe-inspiring at one’s disposal XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

93 4. 任何热爱生活的人都不难发现鸟类迁徙中的象征性美和实 际美。 Anyone who is in love with life will have no difficulty in finding the symbolic as well as the actual beauty in the migration of the birds. be in love with life have no difficulty in finding… symbolic migration XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

94 5. 观看壮观的潮涨潮落景色使我感到一种在其他地方感受不 到的内心的满足。 Watching the magnificent view of the ebb and flow of the tides fills me with an inner contentment that I find nowhere else. the ebb and flow of the tides inner XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

95 6. 他的不幸激起了听众深深的同情。他们热切地想帮他抚平 心头的创伤。 His misfortune aroused great sympathy among the listeners, who are keen to help his mental wounds. arouse great sympathy heal be keen to XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

96 7. 对一个门外汉来说,要认识霍金博士研究的重要性也许是 困难的或不可能的,但它肯定会对我们的生活产生经久的 影响。 Recognition of the importance of Dr. Hawkin’s research may be difficult or impossible for a layman, but it is sure to have a lasting impact on our lives. layman a lasting impact on … XII. Translate the following sentence into English. Translation

97 8. 史密斯先生早就希望能有机会向周围的年轻人讲述他的登 月经历,但他一直没有足够的支配时间。 Mr. Smith has long wished for a chance to relate his lunar landing experience to the young people around him, but he never has enough time at his disposal. have long wished time at his disposal lunar landing relate Translation XII. Translate the following sentence into English.

98 O ne of the aims of Text A is to persuade adults that they can teach their children to appreciate the natural world. The author places most of the possible objections in “even if” and “wherever” clauses and argues against them or responds directly and immediately as we see in Para. 4. Structured Writing Sample Essay Sample Essay Sample Essay Sample Essay Write your own Write your own Write your own Write your own Structured Writing

99 Students often feel inadequate when asked to write a paragraph or two in English. In a mood of self-defeat they exclaim: “But my English isn’t good enough for that!” Even if you feel you have little English at your disposal, there is much you can express. Whoever you are and whatever your level, you can still look up the words you need in your dictionary, and enjoy the thrill of using them for the first time. You can use simple sentences, like Hemingway, to express your ideas. Even if you have no ideas, you can discuss the topic with someone, perhaps a roommate or a friend, and let their thoughts inspire you. And afterwards, with your teacher, you can wonder at the development of your writing skill, even if every sentence you produced is full of mistakes. Sample Essay Structured Writing

100 Use this same technique to write a short composition of about 150 words to persuade someone that it’s easier than they think to do something worthwhile. Here are a few ideas you can choose from if you like. keeping physically fit kissing university entrance exams taking part in job interviews being popular with your classmates Write Your Own Structured Writing

101 1.Review Text A 2.Do exercises: Structure (Ex. IX. pp.80)Structure (Ex. IX. pp.80) Cloze (Ex. X. pp. 81) Cloze (Ex. X. pp. 81) Translation (Ex. XI., pp.82) Translation (Ex. XI., pp.82) 3.Structured Writing(p. 85) AssignmentAssignment


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