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Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e

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Presentation on theme: "Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e
James M. Henslin Chapter Seven: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

2 The Rationalization of Society
“The idea that efficiency and practical results should dominate human affairs.” Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

3 Why Did Society Change? Prior—Traditional Orientation
Past Best Guide for Present Post—Industrialization Rationality—Most Efficient Going Forward Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

4 Why Did Society Change? Marx: Capitalism Broke Tradition
Weber: Religion Broke Tradition Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

5 “Secondary groups designed to achieve specific objectives.”
What Are Formal Organizations? “Secondary groups designed to achieve specific objectives.” Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

6 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
Five Characteristics of Bureaucracies Clear Levels Division of Labor Written Rules Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

7 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
Written Communication and Records Impersonality Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

8 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
“Ideal” vs. “Real” Bureaucracy Extent of Bureaucracy—A Matter of Degree Ideal vs. Actual Organizational Chart Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

9 Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
Red Tape Lack of Communication Between Units Bureaucratic Alienation Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

10 Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
Resisting Alienation The Alienated Bureaucrat Bureaucratic Incompetence Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

11 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
Goal Displacement Perpetuation of Bureaucracies Social Significance of Bureaucracies Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

12 Voluntary Associations
Functions of Voluntary Associations Advance Particular Interests Offer People Identity Govern Nations and Maintain Social Order These Apply to All or Most Voluntary Associations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

13 Voluntary Associations
Functions of Voluntary Associations Mediate Between Government and Individuals Help Individuals Climb Occupational Ladder Bring People into Political Mainstream Pave Way for Social Change These Apply to Only Some Voluntary Associations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

14 Voluntary Associations
Shared Interests Motivations for Joining Differ Experience High Turnover The Problem of Oligarchy Leaders Grow Distant from Members The “Inner Group” Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

15 Working for the Corporation
Stereotypes The “Hidden” Corporate Culture Hidden Values Self-Fulfilling Prophesies Achievement Level Affects Behavior Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

16 Humanizing the Corporate Culture
Develop Rather than Impede Potential Access to Opportunities Distribute Power More Evenly Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

17 Humanizing the Corporate Culture
Work Teams Corporate Day Care Employee Stock Ownership Quality Circles Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

18 Working for the Corporation
The Conflict Perspective Technology and Control of Workers Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

19 U.S. and Japanese Corporations
How They Differ Hiring and Promoting Lifetime Security Almost Total Involvement Decision-Making by Consensus Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

20 U.S. and Japanese Corporations
Myth vs. Reality Differences Generally True However, Changes Afoot Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2005

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