Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 20051 Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter Seven:

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 20051 Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter Seven:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter Seven: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations James M. Henslin Chapter Seven: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

2 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon “The idea that efficiency and practical results should dominate human affairs.” The Rationalization of Society

3 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Prior—Traditional Orientation  Past Best Guide for Present  Post—Industrialization  Rationality—Most Efficient Going Forward Why Did Society Change?

4 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Marx: Capitalism Broke Tradition  Weber: Religion Broke Tradition Why Did Society Change?

5 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon “Secondary groups designed to achieve specific objectives.” What Are Formal Organizations?

6 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Five Characteristics of Bureaucracies 1.Clear Levels 2.Division of Labor 3.Written Rules Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy

7 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon Written Communication and Records 5.Impersonality Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy

8 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  “Ideal” vs. “Real” Bureaucracy  Extent of Bureaucracy—A Matter of Degree  Ideal vs. Actual Organizational Chart Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy

9 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Red Tape  Lack of Communication Between Units  Bureaucratic Alienation Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies

10 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Resisting Alienation  The Alienated Bureaucrat  Bureaucratic Incompetence Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies

11 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Goal Displacement  Perpetuation of Bureaucracies  Social Significance of Bureaucracies Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy

12 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Functions of Voluntary Associations  Advance Particular Interests  Offer People Identity  Govern Nations and Maintain Social Order  These Apply to All or Most Voluntary Associations Voluntary Associations

13 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Functions of Voluntary Associations  Mediate Between Government and Individuals  Help Individuals Climb Occupational Ladder  Bring People into Political Mainstream  Pave Way for Social Change  These Apply to Only Some Voluntary Associations Voluntary Associations

14 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Shared Interests  Motivations for Joining Differ  Experience High Turnover  The Problem of Oligarchy  Leaders Grow Distant from Members  The “Inner Group” Voluntary Associations

15 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Stereotypes  The “Hidden” Corporate Culture  Hidden Values  Self-Fulfilling Prophesies  Achievement Level Affects Behavior Working for the Corporation

16 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Develop Rather than Impede Potential  Access to Opportunities  Distribute Power More Evenly Humanizing the Corporate Culture

17 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Work Teams  Corporate Day Care  Employee Stock Ownership  Quality Circles Humanizing the Corporate Culture

18 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  The Conflict Perspective  Technology and Control of Workers Working for the Corporation

19 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  How They Differ  Hiring and Promoting  Lifetime Security  Almost Total Involvement  Decision-Making by Consensus U.S. and Japanese Corporations

20 Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon  Myth vs. Reality  Differences Generally True  However, Changes Afoot U.S. and Japanese Corporations


Download ppt "Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 20051 Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter Seven:"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google