Presentation on theme: "Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship"— Presentation transcript:
1Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship Chapter 5Section 1
2Responsibilities v. Duties Each of us belongs to many communities. As community members, we have responsibilities–things we should do or obligations that we fulfill voluntarily.We also have duties–things we are required to do.
3Legal DutiesWe must fulfill duties required by national, state, and local governments or face fines or imprisonment.5 Legal Duties
4Duty #1: Obey the LawLaws serve specific purposes, such as to help people get along, prevent accidents, and see that resources are used fairly.
5Duty #2: Pay TaxesGovernment uses tax money to pay police, pave roads, maintain armed forces, and other activities.Income taxes are a percentage of what people earnPeople also pay taxes on the sale of goods and services and on property.
8Duty #3: Defend the Nation In the United States, all men aged 18–25 must register with the government in case the country needs to draft, or call up, men for military service.30 days before or after your 18th birthday.Service is currently voluntary.Selective Service Website
9Duty #4: Serve in CourtEvery adult citizen must be prepared to serve on a jury or as a witness at a trial if called to do so.Anyone who holds a drivers license or who is registered to vote can be randomly selected.
10Duty #5: Attend SchoolMost states require young people to attend school until age 16.How does staying in school benefit you and the government?
12Civic Responsibilities: Be Informed Know what the government is doing so that you can voice your opinion.You can learn about issues and leaders by reading print publications, listening to news on the radio or TV, talking to people, and searching the Internet.Fox News or CNN
13Civic Responsibilities: Speak up and Vote Government exists to serve you, but you must make your concerns known.Call, write, or send to your elected representatives. Sen. BurrJoin a political party or work for a cause.Above all, vote. Give consent to government.Study candidates and issues before marking your ballot
14Civic Responsibilities: Respect Others’ Rights Respect public property and the property of others.Vandalism and littering are not only disrespectful, but are also crimes.
15Civic Responsibilities: Respect Diversity Although you may disagree with people or disapprove of their lifestyles, they have an equal right to their beliefs and practices.Tolerance means respecting and accepting others, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences.All citizens are equal and entitled to be treated the same.
16Civic Responsibilities: Contribute to the Common Good Contribute time, effort, and money to help others and to improve community life.Be an active participant in your community.
25Citizens InvolvementMore than half a million Americans do volunteer work to help better their communityFederal, state, and local government provide many different services. Therefore we rely on government for a lot of things
26Citizens InvolvementCitizens also share a role in meeting community needs.The governments are bureaucracies= Complex systems with many departments, many rules, and many people in the chain of command.
27Citizen InvolvementGood citizens are concerned about the Welfare of all members of the communityWelfare= The health, prosperity, and happiness of all members of a community.JFK: “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country”
28Donating Time and money In what ways do you volunteer?Volunteerism= the practice of offering your time and services to others without payment.Americans gave more than $250 billion dollars to charity. 2% of their salary.
29Community Involvement Joining a community watch program.Become active in their child’s schoolLions and Kiwanis clubsReligious communities
30Charitable Organizations More than 1 million charities are officially registered with the federal government
31School-based Programs High school and middle school offers opportunities for community service.Some states require that students do so many hours of community service in order to graduate.
32National Service Programs AmeriCorps= members help meet the nation’s needs in education, public safety, health, and the environment.Senior Corps= Provides volunteer opportunities to Americans aged 55 or olderUSA Freedom Corps= Responds to national emergencies, rebuilding our communities, and extending American compassion throughout the world.