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Busy Farms and Seaports Unit 3, Chapter 6, Lesson 3 Pages 240 – 245.

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Presentation on theme: "Busy Farms and Seaports Unit 3, Chapter 6, Lesson 3 Pages 240 – 245."— Presentation transcript:

1 Busy Farms and Seaports Unit 3, Chapter 6, Lesson 3 Pages 240 – 245

2 OBJECTIVES Explain why people chose to settle in the Middle Colonies Understand the types of jobs and businesses that people had in the Middle Colonies

3 RICH FARMLANDS Middle Colonies  very fertile soil Most people made their living by farming New England Colonies  soil is rocky, not as good for farming

4 Crops, Livestock, & Trade Main Crops: Wheat, Corn, and Rye Dairy cows & Pigs also abundant in the Middle Colonies Farmers – traveled to market towns –Sell or trade livestock –Gristmill – ground grain to flour

5 Port City Merchants at merchant towns took the good they bought from farmers to port cites Port cities were major trade centers in the Middle Colonies Prosperity – economic success, depended on port cities

6 New York NYC – most important trade city Hudson River Farmers, fur traders, and lumber workers would float goods down the river to NYC 1664 – only 30 ships each year 1750 – 600 ships each year 2 nd busiest port in the English colonies

7 Philadelphia The busiest port Built along the Delaware River Farmers, merchants, & traders moved to Philadelphia Goods sent down Delaware River to the port From Philadelphia goods sailed down to Delaware Bay and then across the Atlantic

8 Exports and Imports Exports: same as New England (furs, meat, lumber), but they also exported wheat and grains Remember: EXPORT = EXIT from the Colonies to another location Imports(from England): Furniture, tea, gunpowder, medicines, metals, and slaves

9 Colonial Jobs Farming Shipping Skilled trades: iron working Artisans – craft workers – most came as indentured servants

10 Making Goods Artisans used raw materials to make goods

11 BLACKSMITHS USED IRON TO FORM HORSESHOES AND TOOLS

12 COOPERS MADE BARRELS OUT OF WOOD

13 CARPENTERS USED WOOD TO BUILD HOUSES AND SHIPS

14 BRICKLAYERS WORKED WITH STONE AND CLAY TO PAVE STREETS AND RAISE BUILDINGS

15 ARTISANS DEPENDING ON FARMING BAKERS BUTCHERS FLOUR MILLERS SOAP MAKERS

16 DRESSMAKERS & TAILORS USED WOOL, LINEN, AND COTTON TO MAKE CLOTHING

17 TANNERS TURNED ANIMAL SKIN INTO LEATHER

18 COBBLERS MADE SHOES

19 Learning a Trade Rich families went to college to be lawyers, bankers, or ministers Skill Artisan work not taught in college Apprentice – lived and worked with an artisan & his family for several years to learn a skill Journeyman then a Master Artisan jobs practiced by men

20 Women Little work outside the home Most not allowed to own property or business Once married, husband became owner of everything she had If the husband died, a wife would take over husbands business

21 How did people in the Middle Colonies learn to do skilled jobs? They became apprentices, living and working with artisans to learn skills. They then became journeyman and finally masters.

22 What is a grist mill? A place to ground grain into flour


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