Presentation on theme: "Objectives Learn how Franklin Roosevelt won the presidential election."— Presentation transcript:
1ObjectivesLearn how Franklin Roosevelt won the presidential election.Find out how the New Deal tried to promote economic recovery.Understand what new laws regulated America’s economic system.Identify the obstacles and criticisms faced by the New Deal.
2Terms and PeopleFranklin D. Roosevelt – American President who created the New Dealfireside chat – informal radio broadcast delivered by President Roosevelt to the American peopleHuey Long – Democratic senator from LouisianaFrancis Townsend – doctor whose idea for a system of payments to retirees helped pave the way for the Social Security system
3Terms and People (continued) pension – retirement paymentsCharles Coughlin – Catholic priest who called on the government to take over the banks
4How did President Roosevelt respond to the Great Depression? President Hoover’s actions did little to end the poverty and homelessness that gripped the country.In 1932, Americans had the opportunity to elect a new leader, and they took it.
5Roosevelt inspired confidence and hope in voters. President Hoover’s opponent in the election was Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt.Candidate for Vice President in 1920Polio survivorGovernor of New YorkRoosevelt inspired confidence and hope in voters.He won the election by a landslide.
6Roosevelt and his advisors had three goals: To make well-informed decisions, Roosevelt conferred with the “brain trust,” a group of advisors that included college professors.Roosevelt and his advisors had three goals:foster economic recoveryprovide relief for the joblessprevent future depressions
7On the day after Roosevelt took office, he began to address the banking crisis. Bank HolidayClosed the banks for four daysHelped halt the wave of bank failuresEmergencyBankingRelief ActProvided more careful regulation of the banks
8During the bank holiday, FDR delivered the first of many fireside chats. The fireside chats were meant to restore the public’s trust in banks.When the banks reopened, many customers returned, ready to redeposit their money.
9Roosevelt took further steps to address the economic causes of the depression. He created the National Recovery Agency (NRA) to keep prices stable and boost employment and buying power.Encouraged industries to:Pay a minimum wageEnd child laborKeep wages and prices from falling too lowThe NRA failed to improve the economy.
10Next, Roosevelt turned to job relief, creating programs to put people back to work. OrganizationLocationProjectsCivilian Conservation Corpsnational parks, forests, and wilderness areasHired workers to plant trees, build reservoirs, and construct parksWorks ProgressAdministrationurban areasHired workers to repair buildings, pave roads, and build bridgesHired artists and writers to enhance public projectsPublic Works Administrationtunnels, highways, and damsHired workers to plan and build large public-works projects
11Workers at the WPA and PWA completed projects that benefited communities across the country.
12Yet the Great Depression continued, despite American’s hard work.
13The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) built dams along the Tennessee River to control flooding, provide electricity, and increase jobs.The TVA succeeded in many of its goals. However, it failed to bring prosperity to the region.
14Finally, Roosevelt took steps to reform business practices to prevent future depressions. Truth-in-Securities ActRequired full disclosure of stock informationFederal DepositInsurance Corporation(FDIC)Guaranteed individual bank depositsOther agencies set new fairness and safety standards for key industries.
15In just his first one hundred days in office, FDR had created the framework of the New Deal. The economy still struggled, yet FDR remained popular.He easily won re-election in 1936.
16Not all Americans, however, were happy with the New Deal. Conservatives thought the New Deal placed too many restrictions on businesses and individuals.The Supreme Court declared several New Deal measures to be unconstitutional.FDR responded with a proposal to name six new justices to the Court.Roosevelt’s “court-packing” plan was rejected by Congress.
17Liberals thought the New Deal did not do enough to help the poor. Huey Long wanted to tax the rich and give their wealth to the poor.Charles Coughlin urged the government to take over the banks.Francis Townsend argued for a system of government pensions for retirees.Such critics attracted attention, yet they were unable to damage Roosevelt’s continued popularity.
18Section ReviewQuickTake QuizKnow It, Show It Quiz