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Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772- 1834) Majd Abdullah Alharbi Asmaa Saad Al_thaqafi A presentation by:

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1 Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772- 1834) Majd Abdullah Alharbi Asmaa Saad Al_thaqafi A presentation by:

2 S.T. Coleridge was an English poet, Romantic, literary critic, philosopher, lecturer and a journalist Who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a founder of the Romantic Movement in England and a member of the Lake Poets. Coleridge was also known to many English readers as a talented prose writer, especially as the author of the Biographia Literaria, a collection of his thoughts and opinions on literature which he published in 1817.

3 Early Life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge  Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born on October 21, 1772. He was the youngest of ten children. His father was John Coleridge; and his mother was Ann Bowden Coleridge.  After his father's death, Coleridge was sent away to Christ's Hospital School in London. Coleridge studied at Jesus College at Cambridge from 1791 until 1794.. He joined in the reformist movement stimulated by the French Revolution, and abandoned his studies in 1793.

4 In Cambridge Coleridge met the radical, future poet laureate Robert Southey (1774- 1843) in 1794. Coleridge moved with him to Bristol to establish a community, but the plan failed. Throughout his adult life, Coleridge suffered from crippling bouts of anxiety and depression; it has been speculated that he suffered from bipolar disorder, a mental disorder which was unknown during his life. Coleridge chose to treat these episodes with opium, becoming an addict in the process. This addiction would affect him in the future.

5 Samuel Taylor Coleridge Marriage: Samuel Taylor Coleridge married Sara Fricker in 1795. Sara was the sister of Robert Southey's fiancé (later wife). Coleridge struggled with opium addition, and he failed to become financially stable. Coleridge managed to obtain a legal separation from his wife in 1806.

6 Poetic Career: He is probably best known for his poems" The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and "Kubla Khan", as well as for his major prose work Biographia Literaria. Besides the Rime of The Ancient Mariner, he composed the symbolic poem Kubla Khan, written—Coleridge himself claimed—as a result of an opium dream, in "a kind of a reverie"; and the first part of the narrative poem Christabel. Many of Coleridge's poems are now often discussed as a group entitled "Conversation poems." Many of his poems deal with supernatural elements. Poems like this both drew inspiration from and helped to inflame the craze for Gothic romance.

7 Coleridge and Wordsworth In 1797 Coleridge became a close friend of. The next year, at age 25, Coleridge with Wordsworth wrote the poetry collection Lyrical Ballads. These poems established an exciting new style by using everyday language and fresh ways of nature capturing. His idea of beautiful and endearing poems was to feel and shape them within the soul. To him this was art.

8 Samuel Taylor Coleridge Death: Samuel Taylor Coleridge left behind only his books and manuscripts when he died on July 25, 1834. His epitaph reads: "Beneath this sod A Poet lies; or that which once was he. O lift one thought in prayer for S.T.C. That he, who many a year with toil of breath, Found Death in Life, may here find Life in Death."

9 Line from "Christabel": "Is the night chilly and dark? The night is chilly, but not dark. The thin gray cloud is spread on high, It covers but not hides the sky. The moon is behind, and at the full; And yet she looks both small and dull. The night is chill, the cloud is gray: 'T is a month before the month of May, And the Spring comes slowly up this way." "There she sees a damsel bright, Dressed in a silken robe of white, That shadowy in the moonlight shone..."

10 Lines from "Kubla Khan": "Ancestral voices prophesying war." "Five miles meandering with mazy motion, Through dale the sacred river ran, Then reached the caverns measureless to man, And sank the tumult to a lifeless ocean: And 'mid this tumult Kubla heard from far Ancestral voices prophesying war!" "In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree; Where Alph, the sacred river ran, Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea."

11 Lines from "Frost at Midnight": "Silent icicles, Quietly shining to the quiet moon." "Therefore all seasons shall be sweet to thee, Whether the summer clothe the general earth With greenness, or the redbreast sit and sing Betwixt the tufts of snow on the bare branch Of mossy apple-tree, while the nigh thatch Smokes in the sunthaw; whether the eve-drops fall, Heard only in the trances of the blast, Of if the secret ministry of frost Shall hang them up in silent icicles...“

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