476 1450 400 600 Christian 600 850 Gregorian plainsong 850 1150 Polyphony 1150 1450 Gothic
500 1000 Middle church state 742 814 government law order education monasteries manuscripts, writings, art Sacred church church
1000 1450 Middle Cathedrals universities Cities culture bourgeoisie Nationalistic 1100 1301 1386 Knights Crusades violence religious beliefs Mary male chivalry Women court minstrels Romantic love faithful worshipping afar unavailable classes marriage another Western Civilization
Latin lewd carpe diem University Entertainers itinerate Jongleurs Jongleuresses professional musicians Troubadours Trouveres Minnesingers entertainment military crusades Courtly love passion courtly lady rank married Virgin Mary
Trouvere Instrumental Psaltery Dulcimer Vielle Strophic melody stanza poem treatise Ars nova Ars nova Ars antiqua rhythm meter harmony counterpoint France orders Bohemia France Ordinary
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