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EASA FTL 2016 Understanding EASA FTL 2016

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1 EASA FTL 2016 Understanding EASA FTL 2016
A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Welcome to the presentation of FAR 117 – A generic interpretation This presentation should serve as an introductory lesson plan to the new FAR’s. [Click] Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

2 Disclaimer The documentation is provided “AS IS” and is solely intended to provide a general understanding of the author’s interpretation of the new EASA FTL as amended on 29-Jan-2014. The author makes no representations and disclaims any and all responsibility for the completeness or accuracy of the documentation. The author reserves the right, at his discretion, to change or modify the documentation as deemed appropriate. Copyright © , Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation. All rights reserved. Introduction Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

3 Application of Regulations:
Module 5: Application of Regulations: All Crew Compliments What is the FNPRM? The FAA published the final notice of proposed rulemaking on Jan – 4th 2012 The rule established Pilot – Flight Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. When do the Airlines have to comply? 04-Jan-2014, two years since publication. What do the Airlines have to do to comply? Develop scheduling policies and training programs. Update their Operations Specification and have approval from the FAA. Upgrade scheduling software, including planning and tracking software. [Click] Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

4 Cabin Crew Members (CCM):
ORO.FTL.205(c) FDP Limitations for Cabin Crew Members (CCM): When CCM require more time for pre-flight duties than Flight Crew Members (FCM) the following constraints are applied: The Applied Difference is calculated as FCM Report Time – CCM Report Time. The Applied Difference shall not exceed 1 hour (1:00). The CCM FDP starts at CCM Report Time. The reference time used with FDP Table above is the CCM Report Time plus the Applied Difference in Report Time. [Click] Un-Augmented Daily FDP Limitations: Use Table B Based upon the Time of Report (adjusted to point of acclimatization) and the scheduled number of (operational) flight segments The scheduled/re-scheduled FDP may not exceed the limits in Table B. Non-Acclimated FDPs shall reduce the limits in Table B by 0:30 Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

5 Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances:
ORO.FTL.205(f) Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances: Before Take-off: The maximum planned extension for standard flight crew and standard cabin crew is 2 hour s (2:00) above the scheduled FDP limits in ORO.FLT.205(b). The maximum planned extension for augmented flight crew and augmented cabin crew is 3 hour s (3:00) above the scheduled FDP limits in ORO.FLT.205(e). After Take-off: May continue as long as necessary to land at the next Destination / Alternate Aerodrome. [Click] Extension of Daily FDP beyond the scheduled FDP limits. Both Un-Augmented and Augmented FDP’s are permitted to be extended for unforeseen reasons before takeoff. The maximum permitted extension is 2:00. Extensions beyond 0:30 are restricted: May not occur more than once in any 168 hr period unless and intervening rest period of 30 hrs continuous rest has been provided And the FCM has provided his/her consent. Under no circumstances may a FDP be permitted to be extended beyond the scheduled FDP limitations in Table B/C if the Cumulative FDP limits will be exceeded. Extensions beyond any of these limitations due to circumstances after takeoff are only permitted to safely land the aircraft at the destination / alternate. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

6 Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances:
ORO.FTL.205(f) Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances: Example: Maximum Planned FDP Extensions in RED. [Click] Extension of Daily FDP beyond the scheduled FDP limits. Both Un-Augmented and Augmented FDP’s are permitted to be extended for unforeseen reasons before takeoff. The maximum permitted extension is 2:00. Extensions beyond 0:30 are restricted: May not occur more than once in any 168 hr period unless and intervening rest period of 30 hrs continuous rest has been provided And the FCM has provided his/her consent. Under no circumstances may a FDP be permitted to be extended beyond the scheduled FDP limitations in Table B/C if the Cumulative FDP limits will be exceeded. Extensions beyond any of these limitations due to circumstances after takeoff are only permitted to safely land the aircraft at the destination / alternate. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

7 Flight Times and Duty Periods
ORO.FTL.210 Flight Times and Duty Periods Cumulative Flight Time : 100 hours of flight time in any 28 consecutive days; 900 hours of flight time in any calendar year; and 1000 hours of flight time in any 12 consecutive calendar months. Cumulative Duty Time: 60 duty hours in any 7 consecutive days; 110 duty hours in any 14 consecutive days; and 190 duty hours in any 28 consecutive days, spread as evenly as practicable throughout that period. Lookback is from arrival time of leg or Midnight. Lookback is from release time of duty or Midnight. [Click] Cumulative Flight Time limitations are 100 hrs in any 672 hrs 1000 hrs in any 365 Calendar days. Cumulative FDP limitations are 60 hrs in any 168 hrs 190 hrs in any 672 hrs Two Checks when Leg/Duty crosses Midnight (Base Time). Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

8 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Basic Rest Requirements: Rest At Base: [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

9 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Basic Rest Requirements: Rest Away From Base: [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

10 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Example 1: Scheduled Rest at Base. Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Duty Period #4 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #2 Rest Period #3 Duty Period #1: 11:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 09:30 Duty Period #2: 12:00 FDP Limit: 11:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #3: 07:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 05:30 Required Rest #1: 11:00 Actual Rest: 12:00 Required Rest #2: 12:00 Actual Rest: 12:00 Required Rest #3: 10:00 Actual Rest: 10:00 As we can see in the example above, the planned Duty Periods and FDPs and the Rest Requirements are legal. [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

11 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Example 2: Reduced Rest at Base. Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Duty Period #4 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #3 Rest Period #2 Duty Period #1: 12:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #2: 12:00 FDP Limit: 11:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #3: 07:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 05:30 Required Rest #1: 12:00 Reduced Rest: 11:00 Reduced Amount: 01:00 Required Rest #2: 12:00 Actual Rest: 12:00 Comp Rest: 13:00 Required Rest #3: 10:00 FDP #2 has a revised limit of 10:00 Rest period #2 must be increased to 13:00 [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

12 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Example 2: Reduced Rest at Base. Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Duty Period #4 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #3 Rest Period #2 Example #2, illustrates what can happen to Example #1, if the 1st Duty Period experiences a Delay of just 1 hour. FDP #2 will require a reduction down to 10:00 and Rest Period #2 will require an increase to 13:00. Should Duty Period #2 be re-scheduled to have a duty time of only 11:30 and an FDP of 10:00 the Comp Rest after Duty #2 becomes 12:30 and the Actual Rest also increases to 12:30. There are other constraints that also must be observed to permit reduced rest: Reduced Rest is only permitted under an approved FRM. There is a maximum of 2 Reduced Rests between Extended Recurrent Recovery Rests [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

13 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Other Rest Requirements at Base Extended Recurrent Recovery Rest (ERRR): An ERRR is at least 36 hours (36:00) and includes 2 LNR. The maximum separation between two ERRRs is 168:00, this is the maximum span of time from the end of one ERRR to the start of the ERRR. Each Crew member must be given twice a month, ERRR that includes two (2) local days. Time Zone Differences (Suitable accommodation provided): If a FDP involves a 4 hour time difference or more the minimum rest following that FDP is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater. May only happen once between two ERRRs [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

14 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Other Rest Requirements at Base Time Zone Differences (Suitable accommodation not provided): May only happen once between two ERRRs At home base, if a rotation involves a 4 hour time difference or more, the minimum rest is as specified in the following table: [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. This rule is applied only if the operator is not furnishing a suitable accommodation t base. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

15 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Example: CM has flown to a time zone 7 hours away from home base and has been away from home base 65:00, upon return the CM will require a rest period that includes 3 LNR. Separation between West to East or East to West pairings: Each pairing will transition outside of a zone +/- 2 hours from home base One pairing will more than +2 hours from home base while the other pairing will be more than -2 hours from home base. The separation between these two pairings will include 3 LNR’s Note: the original definition contained in the CRD 2012 has been removed, in the final version of the regulations, it is given here for reference: ‘Eastward-Westward and Westward-Eastward transition’ means the transition at home base between a rotation crossing 6 or more time zones in one direction and a rotation crossing 4 or more timezones in the opposite direction. [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

16 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements:
Other Rest Requirements away from Base Time Zone Differences: May only happen once between two ERRRs If a FDP involves a 4 hour time difference or more the minimum rest following that FDP is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater. [Click] Minimum Rest immediately before a FDP or Reserve: Rest Period of 10:00 and Sleep opportunity of 8:00 Required Rest in 168:00 all operations: At least one rest period of 30:00 must be found in the previous 168:00 measured from the scheduled start of the Reserve or FDP. Minimum Rest after DHD transportation that exceeds the FDP limit in table B: Required Rest Period is the max of DHD time or 10:00 Required Rest at Base after a change in Theater for a series of FDP that exceed 168:00: 3 Physiological night’s rest with a minimum rest period of 56 hours. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

17 Unforeseen circumstances
ORO.FTL.205(g) Unforeseen circumstances delayed reporting Original FDP Start Time Revised FDP Start Time Amount of Delay Reserve status. Takes into account the amount of the delay and the number of notifications. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

18 Delayed Reporting Original Revised FDP Start Time
Amount of First Delay Original Revised FDP Start Time Original FDP Start Time Time of 2nd Notification + 1 hour When a cm has been given a second notification and the Delay will be less than 10 hours. FDP Starts at the earlier of: Time of 2nd Notification + 1 hour Original Revised FDP Start Time Amount of First Delay Original FDP Start Time Time of 2nd Notification + 1 hour Reserve status. Original Revised FDP Start Time Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

19 Standby and Duties at the Airport
ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Airport Standby (ASB) Report of ASB Release of ASB Duty Time The maximum time on ASB or Combined ASB & FDP is 16:00 The maximum time on FDP is reduced by the amount of time on ASB in excess of 4:00. A CM assigned to an ASB that does not lead to a FDP must be released into a rest period in accordance to the rest requirements under ORO.FTL.235. All time on ASB/Combined ASB & FDP counts towards the Cumulative Duty Limitations under ORO.FTL.210. Airport Standby (ASB) Rest Period ASB that does not lead to an FDP. Report of FDP [Click] The FAA has classified Reserves as: Airport Standby (ASB) Is considered duty as well as FDP. Is subject to FDP limitations. Is subject to rest requirements Short Call Reserve (SC): Is subject to FDP limitations when assigned to a FDP. Long Call Reserve (LC): Will require an intervening rest period prior to being assigned to a SC Reserve or FDP when a flightcrew member is notified by the certificate holder to report for duty. Is NOT considered FDP and is NOT considered Rest Report of ASB Duty Time FDP Arrive Time Combined ASB and FDP Airport Standby (ASB) ASB that leads to an FDP. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

20 Standby and Duties at the Airport
ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Start of OSB Release of OSB OSB Time Other Standby (OSB) than airport standby: Other Standby (OSB) Rest Period OSB that does not lead to an FDP. Start of OSB Report of FDP [Click] The FAA has classified Reserves as: Airport Standby (ASB) Is considered duty as well as FDP. Is subject to FDP limitations. Is subject to rest requirements Short Call Reserve (SC): Is subject to FDP limitations when assigned to a FDP. Long Call Reserve (LC): Will require an intervening rest period prior to being assigned to a SC Reserve or FDP when a flightcrew member is notified by the certificate holder to report for duty. Is NOT considered FDP and is NOT considered Rest OSB Time FDP Arrive Time Combined OSB and FDP Other Standby (OSB) OSB that leads to an FDP. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

21 Standby and Duties at the Airport
ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Other Standby (OSB) than airport standby: The maximum duration of OSB is 16 hours. The operator’s standby procedures are designed to ensure that the combination of OSB and FDP do not lead to more than 18 hours awake time. 25% of time spent on OSB counts as duty time for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210 only if the OSB leads towards a FDP without an intervening rest period. OSB is followed by a rest period in accordance with ORO.FTL.235. OSB ceases when the crew member reports at the designated reporting point. If the OSB ceases within the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP counts from reporting. If the OSB ceases after the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP is reduced by the amount of SBY time exceeding 6 hours. If the FDP is extended due to in-flight rest according to ORO.FTL.205(e), or to split duty according to ORO.FTL.220, the 6 hours of paragraph (6) and (7) are extended to 8 hours; If the OSB starts between 23:00 and 07:00, the time between 23:00 and 07:00 does not count towards the reduction of the FDP under (6), (7) and (8) until the crew member is contacted by the operator. [Click] The FAA has classified Reserves as: Airport Standby (ASB) Is considered duty as well as FDP. Is subject to FDP limitations. Is subject to rest requirements Short Call Reserve (SC): Is subject to FDP limitations when assigned to a FDP. Long Call Reserve (LC): Will require an intervening rest period prior to being assigned to a SC Reserve or FDP when a flightcrew member is notified by the certificate holder to report for duty. Is NOT considered FDP and is NOT considered Rest Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

22 ORO.FTL.230 Reserve (RSV) Release from (End of) RSV Report of Trip
Rest Period Time of Notification >= 10:00 [Click] The FAA has classified Reserves as: Airport Standby (ASB) Is considered duty as well as FDP. Is subject to FDP limitations. Is subject to rest requirements Short Call Reserve (SC): Is subject to FDP limitations when assigned to a FDP. Long Call Reserve (LC): Will require an intervening rest period prior to being assigned to a SC Reserve or FDP when a flightcrew member is notified by the certificate holder to report for duty. Is NOT considered FDP and is NOT considered Rest The minimum time from the time a CM is notified until the CM is required to report for a FDP, ASB or start an OSB is 10:00. A CM assigned to RSV must meet the rest requirements for Extended Recurrent Recovery Rest (ERRR) under ORO.FTL.235(d). Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

23 EASA FTL 2016 Understanding EASA FTL 2016
A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Welcome to the presentation of FAR 117 – A generic interpretation This presentation should serve as an introductory lesson plan to the new FAR’s. [Click] Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.


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