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EASA FTL 2016 A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Copyright © 2012-2014.

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Presentation on theme: "EASA FTL 2016 A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Copyright © 2012-2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 EASA FTL 2016 A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

2 Disclaimer The documentation is provided “AS IS” and is solely intended to provide a general understanding of the author’s interpretation of the new EASA FTL as amended on 29-Jan The author makes no representations and disclaims any and all responsibility for the completeness or accuracy of the documentation. The author reserves the right, at his discretion, to change or modify the documentation as deemed appropriate. Copyright © , Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation. All rights reserved. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

3 Module 5: Application of Regulations: All Crew Compliments Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

4 ORO.FTL.205(c) FDP Limitations for Cabin Crew Members (CCM): When CCM require more time for pre-flight duties than Flight Crew Members (FCM) the following constraints are applied: The Applied Difference is calculated as FCM Report Time – CCM Report Time. The Applied Difference shall not exceed 1 hour (1:00). The CCM FDP starts at CCM Report Time. The reference time used with FDP Table above is the CCM Report Time plus the Applied Difference in Report Time. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

5 ORO.FTL.205(f) Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances: Before Take-off: The maximum planned extension for standard flight crew and standard cabin crew is 2 hour s (2:00) above the scheduled FDP limits in ORO.FLT.205(b). The maximum planned extension for augmented flight crew and augmented cabin crew is 3 hour s (3:00) above the scheduled FDP limits in ORO.FLT.205(e). After Take-off: May continue as long as necessary to land at the next Destination / Alternate Aerodrome. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

6 ORO.FTL.205(f) Extensions for Unforeseen Circumstances: Example: Maximum Planned FDP Extensions in RED. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

7 ORO.FTL.210 Flight Times and Duty Periods Cumulative Flight Time : 100 hours of flight time in any 28 consecutive days; 900 hours of flight time in any calendar year; and 1000 hours of flight time in any 12 consecutive calendar months. Cumulative Duty Time: 60 duty hours in any 7 consecutive days; 110 duty hours in any 14 consecutive days; and 190 duty hours in any 28 consecutive days, spread as evenly as practicable throughout that period. Lookback is from arrival time of leg or Midnight. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Lookback is from release time of duty or Midnight. Two Checks when Leg/Duty crosses Midnight (Base Time).

8 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Basic Rest Requirements: Rest At Base: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

9 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Basic Rest Requirements: Rest Away From Base: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.

10 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Example 1: Scheduled Rest at Base. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Rest Period #2 Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #3 Duty Period #1: 11:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 09:30 Duty Period #2: 12:00 FDP Limit: 11:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #3: 07:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 05:30 Required Rest #1: 11:00 Actual Rest: 12:00 Required Rest #2: 12:00 Actual Rest: 12:00 Required Rest #3: 10:00 Actual Rest: 10:00 As we can see in the example above, the planned Duty Periods and FDPs and the Rest Requirements are legal. Duty Period #4

11 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Example 2: Reduced Rest at Base. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #2 Rest Period #3 Duty Period #1: 12:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #2: 12:00 FDP Limit: 11:00 FDP Time: 10:30 Duty Period #3: 07:00 FDP Limit: 10:00 FDP Time: 05:30 Required Rest #1: 12:00Reduced Rest: 11:00Reduced Amount: 01:00 Required Rest #2: 12:00Actual Rest: 12:00Comp Rest: 13:00 Required Rest #3: 10:00 FDP #2 has a revised limit of 10:00Rest period #2 must be increased to 13:00 Duty Period #4

12 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Example 2: Reduced Rest at Base. Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Duty Period #1 Duty Period #2 Duty Period #3 Rest Period #1 Rest Period #2 Rest Period #3 Example #2, illustrates what can happen to Example #1, if the 1st Duty Period experiences a Delay of just 1 hour. FDP #2 will require a reduction down to 10:00 and Rest Period #2 will require an increase to 13:00. Should Duty Period #2 be re-scheduled to have a duty time of only 11:30 and an FDP of 10:00 the Comp Rest after Duty #2 becomes 12:30 and the Actual Rest also increases to 12:30. There are other constraints that also must be observed to permit reduced rest: Reduced Rest is only permitted under an approved FRM. There is a maximum of 2 Reduced Rests between Extended Recurrent Recovery Rests Duty Period #4

13 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Other Rest Requirements at Base Extended Recurrent Recovery Rest (ERRR): o An ERRR is at least 36 hours (36:00) and includes 2 LNR. o The maximum separation between two ERRRs is 168:00, this is the maximum span of time from the end of one ERRR to the start of the ERRR. o Each Crew member must be given twice a month, ERRR that includes two (2) local days. Time Zone Differences (Suitable accommodation provided): o If a FDP involves a 4 hour time difference or more the minimum rest following that FDP is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater. o May only happen once between two ERRRs

14 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Other Rest Requirements at Base Time Zone Differences (Suitable accommodation not provided): o May only happen once between two ERRRs o At home base, if a rotation involves a 4 hour time difference or more, the minimum rest is as specified in the following table: This rule is applied only if the operator is not furnishing a suitable accommodation t base.

15 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Example: CM has flown to a time zone 7 hours away from home base and has been away from home base 65:00, upon return the CM will require a rest period that includes 3 LNR. Separation between West to East or East to West pairings: o Each pairing will transition outside of a zone +/- 2 hours from home base o One pairing will more than +2 hours from home base while the other pairing will be more than -2 hours from home base. o The separation between these two pairings will include 3 LNR’s Note: the original definition contained in the CRD 2012 has been removed, in the final version of the regulations, it is given here for reference: o ‘Eastward-Westward and Westward-Eastward transition’ means the transition at home base between a rotation crossing 6 or more time zones in one direction and a rotation crossing 4 or more timezones in the opposite direction.

16 ORO.FTL.235 – Rest Requirements: Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Other Rest Requirements away from Base Time Zone Differences: o May only happen once between two ERRRs o If a FDP involves a 4 hour time difference or more the minimum rest following that FDP is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater.

17 ORO.FTL.205(g) Unforeseen circumstances delayed reporting Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Revised FDP Start Time Original FDP Start Time Amount of Delay Takes into account the amount of the delay and the number of notifications.

18 Delayed Reporting Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Original Revised FDP Start Time Original FDP Start Time Amount of First Delay Time of 2 nd Notification + 1 hour Original FDP Start Time Amount of First Delay Time of 2 nd Notification + 1 hour When a cm has been given a second notification and the Delay will be less than 10 hours. FDP Starts at the earlier of: Time of 2 nd Notification + 1 hour Original Revised FDP Start Time

19 ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Airport Standby (ASB) Report of ASB Arrive Time FDP Combined ASB and FDP Report of FDP Duty Time Airport Standby (ASB) Report of ASB Duty Time Release of ASB Rest Period ASB that does not lead to an FDP. ASB that leads to an FDP. 1.The maximum time on ASB or Combined ASB & FDP is 16:00 2.The maximum time on FDP is reduced by the amount of time on ASB in excess of 4:00. 3.A CM assigned to an ASB that does not lead to a FDP must be released into a rest period in accordance to the rest requirements under ORO.FTL All time on ASB/Combined ASB & FDP counts towards the Cumulative Duty Limitations under ORO.FTL.210.

20 ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Other Standby (OSB) than airport standby: Other Standby (OSB) Start of OSB Arrive Time FDP Combined OSB and FDP Report of FDP OSB Time Other Standby (OSB) Start of OSB OSB Time Release of OSB Rest Period OSB that does not lead to an FDP. OSB that leads to an FDP.

21 ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Other Standby (OSB) than airport standby: 1.The maximum duration of OSB is 16 hours. 2.The operator’s standby procedures are designed to ensure that the combination of OSB and FDP do not lead to more than 18 hours awake time. 3.25% of time spent on OSB counts as duty time for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210 only if the OSB leads towards a FDP without an intervening rest period. 4.OSB is followed by a rest period in accordance with ORO.FTL OSB ceases when the crew member reports at the designated reporting point. 6.If the OSB ceases within the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP counts from reporting. 7.If the OSB ceases after the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP is reduced by the amount of SBY time exceeding 6 hours. 8.If the FDP is extended due to in-flight rest according to ORO.FTL.205(e), or to split duty according to ORO.FTL.220, the 6 hours of paragraph (6) and (7) are extended to 8 hours; 9.If the OSB starts between 23:00 and 07:00, the time between 23:00 and 07:00 does not count towards the reduction of the FDP under (6), (7) and (8) until the crew member is contacted by the operator.

22 ORO.FTL.230 Reserve (RSV) Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved. Reserve Release from (End of) RSV Report of Trip Rest Period Time of Notification >= 10:00 The minimum time from the time a CM is notified until the CM is required to report for a FDP, ASB or start an OSB is 10:00. A CM assigned to RSV must meet the rest requirements for Extended Recurrent Recovery Rest (ERRR) under ORO.FTL.235(d).

23 EASA FTL 2016 A Generic Interpretation Understanding EASA FTL 2016 Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Requirements. Version 1.1 Copyright © Understanding EASA FTL 2016 – A Generic Interpretation All rights reserved.


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