Presentation on theme: "Going above and beyond clarity and grace. We begin where we ended in lesson 8 – coordination. Coordination not only creates shape, it creates balance."— Presentation transcript:
Going above and beyond clarity and grace
We begin where we ended in lesson 8 – coordination. Coordination not only creates shape, it creates balance and symmetry.
Create balance in sentences by coordinating parts of the sentence with and, or, nor, but, yet Generally use parallelism when you coordinate (not always)
Good for revision of awkward sentences Good for combining short sentences Good for generating ideas (i.e. while all these tools work when drafting as well as in revision, this one is especially useful in drafting).
Use weighty words at very end (here is that rule about not ending a sentence with a preposition!) Use of +weighty word at end The Roman senate gave its emperors all executive governmental powers. The Roman senate gave its emperors all the executive powers of government.
Suspending the end with phrases and clauses Resumptive modifyer Chiasmus – you have a striking reversal of coordinated elements A concise style can improve not only our own thinking but also our readers’ understanding. A concise style can improve not only our own thinking but also the understanding of our readers.
Echoing Salience – Echo meaning and sound of earlier part of sentence (watch that the last word doesn’t repeat a word used earlier). 122 Don’t be afraid of repetition of words to create emphasis.
A variety of sentence lengths and structures are easier on a reader than a string of all short or all long sentences and a string of sentences with the same basic structure. Note that short sentences should be used strategically to emphasize central ideas. You should hear sentence variety when you read your prose aloud.
Midnight madness is becoming very popular. It used to be the first to arrive was the first to get in. Now tickets are given out in a lottery draw. Memorial Coliseum is really small. It can only hold 8,700 fans. There is a need for more seats. Thus Midnight Madness should be moved to Rupp Arena. Midnight madness is becoming so popular that a lottery has replaced the first come first serve method of ticket distribution. However, this popularity is causing a problem. Memorial Coliseum, with its 8700 seats, is simply too small to accommodate the number of fans interested in this event. Rupp Arena is the obvious answer.
Use coordination Use resumptive modifiers Use of+weighty word Use echoing salience (echo a word or idea from an earlier part of sentence) Use a variety of sentence styles